Publications by authors named "Lazar B Davidovic"

51 Publications

Open Vascular Surgery Education: Need for the Second Step.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 01 14;61(1):155-156. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.10.011DOI Listing
January 2021

Predictors of in-hospital mortality and complications in acute aortic occlusion: a comparative analysis of patients with embolism and in-situ thrombosis.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Apr 4;62(2):146-152. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Acute aortic occlusion (AAO) represents potentially fatal acute vascular emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and intervention. Clinical condition of patients with AAO is frequently severely devastated when surgical intervention is questionable. Our objective was to retrospectively review our institutional experience with AAO and assess predictors of intrahospital mortality and morbidity.

Methods: This is a retrospective single-center cohort study with prospectively collected data between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2018. The total number of 28 consecutive patients with AAO were included in our analysis. Patients with acute aortic thrombosis manifested by bilateral acute limb ischemia were divided in two groups based on potential caues of AAO (embolism or in-situ thrombosis) differentiated according to condition of aortoilical segment.

Results: We identified 28 patients with AAO. All of them underwent either aortobifemoral bypass (N.=20, 71%) or bilateral trans-femoral thrombectomy (N.=8, 29%). The overall in-hospital mortality was 36%. Factors that influenced in-hospital mortality were: paralysis (OR=4.41, 95% CI: 1.88-21.78) and higher lactate values on admission (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.09-1.83), postoperative development of severe acute kidney injury (OR=3.08, 95% CI: 1.42-14.66), hemodialysis (OR=10.74, 95% CI: 1.64-109.78) and bowel ischemia (OR=5.19, 95% CI: 1.58-55.63).

Conclusions: Paralysis, higher lactate values, development of acute kidney injury, hemodialysis and bowel ischemia are predictors of worse outcome and may be used for risk stratification of patients with acute aortic occlusion and improve counseling patients and their families about expected postoperative outcomes. Patients with embolism and malignant disease have worse outcome; however, this should be tested in future studies on larger sample.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.20.11247-3DOI Listing
April 2021

Besides complicated and uncomplicated dissections, do we face "potentially complicated" dissections?

J Vasc Surg 2020 05;71(5):1817

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.12.022DOI Listing
May 2020

Eversion Carotid Endarterectomy : A Short Review.

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2020 May 2;63(3):373-379. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the main procedure in carotid surgery, as well as the most frequent vascular procedure. Two techniques of CEA are available : eversion and conventional plus patch angioplasty. Eversion CEA is anatomic procedure that reduces ischemic and total operative time. Simultaneous correction of the joined carotid kinking and coiling is possible, easy and safe, while the usage of patch is excluded. Thanks to oblique shape of anastomosis, eversion CEA is associated with low risk of long-term restenosis. The false anastomotic aneurysms occurrence is very rare, almost impossible after eversion CEA. However, the usage of carotid shunt during eversion CEA is not always simple, while proximal or distal extension of the carotid plaque can make eversion CEA more difficult and risky. Eversion CEA should be the first choice in carotid surgery. Conventional CEA is indicated in cases when carotid plaque is extended more than usual, as well as, if the usage of carotid shunt is necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2019.0201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218199PMC
May 2020

Late open conversion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: experience of three-high volume centers.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2020 04 18;61(2):183-190. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Unit of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, San Martino University Hospital IRCCS, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Accumulated endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures will increase number of patients requiring conversion to open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In most cases, patients undergo late open surgical conversion (LOSC), many months, or years, after initial EVAR. The aim of this study is to analyze results of LOSC after EVAR in elective and urgent setting, including presenting features, surgical techniques, as well as to review the clinical outcomes and their predictors.

Methods: Retrospective review of all consecutive patients undergoing LOSC after EVAR was performed at three distinct, high volume, vascular centers. Patients that required primary conversion within 30 days after EVAR have not been included in this study. Between January 1st 2010 and January 1st 2017 total of 31 consecutive patients were treated. LOSC were performed either in elective or in urgent setting, thus dividing patients in two groups. Primary outcome was 30-day mortality and secondary postoperative complications.

Results: LOSC rate after EVAR was 4.51%. Most common indication for LOSC was type I endoleak (N.=20, 64.51%). All patients that presented with ruptured AAA had some form of endoleak (type I endoleak was present in five from six cases). Most common site for aortic cross-clamping was infrarenal (51.61%). Stent-graft was removed completely in 18 patients (58.06%) and partially in 13 (41.93%). 30-day mortality rate was 16.12% (5 patients) and most common cause of death was myocardial infarction (60%). Following univariate factors were isolated as predictors for 30-day mortality: preoperative coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, urgent LOSC, prolonged time until LOSC, ruptured AAA, supraceliac clamp, higher number of red blood cell transfusion, postoperative myocardial infarction, and prolonged intubation (more than 48 hours).

Conclusions: LOSC seems to be safe and effective procedure when preformed in elective manner. On the other side, urgent LOSC after EVAR is associated with very high postoperative mortality and morbidity. Endoleak remains the main indication for open conversion. Further studies are necessary to standardize timing and treatment options for failing EVAR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.19.10972-XDOI Listing
April 2020

Single center experience in the management of a case series of subclavian artery aneurysms.

Asian J Surg 2020 Jan 18;43(1):139-147. Epub 2019 May 18.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: Subclavian artery aneurysms (SAAs) are rare, but they may cause life- and limb-threatening complications.

Methods: Retrospective review was performed of all SAA patients that underwent treatment at the Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade between January 1st 2006 and January 1st 2018. The paper includes analysis of etiology and therapeutic options based on the experience from our institution.

Results: Twenty (80%) of SAAs involved extrathoracic (ET), while five (20%) intrathoracic (IT) segment. Out of total five IT SAAs, two were asymptomatic (40%), one had dyspnea (20%), while two (40%) had hematothorax due to rupture. Seven (35%) patients with ET SAA had shoulder pain and pulsatile mass, five (25%) acute, seven (35%) had chronic limb ischemia, while one was asymptomatic (5%). Two IT SAAs were treated with open surgery (OS). Other three cases underwent hybrid procedure. One case with ET SAA was treated endovascularly due to hostile anatomy, while in all other 19 cases of ET SAAs open repair was performed, which included: graft interposition in 10 (52.63%), end-to-end anastomosis in 7 (36.84%) cases, while bypass procedure in 2 (10.52%) patients. One of our patients (4%) died during the first 30 postoperative days.

Conclusions: SAAs are rare, however because of their natural history they have huge clinical significance. OS is the method of choice in cases of ET SAAs caused by TOS. Endovascular and hybrid treatment decrease significantly perioperative morbidity and mortality rates in cases of intrathoracic SAAs and thus should be the first option.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.04.012DOI Listing
January 2020

Treatment of pediatric vascular injuries: the experience of a single non-pediatric referral center.

Int Angiol 2019 Jun 15;38(3):250-255. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Pediatric peripheral vascular trauma carries significant risk of complications including limb loss and long-term invalidity. Mechanisms and types of morphological lesions are very diverse. The objectives of this study are to present the experience of a single vascular center in the surgical approach to pediatric vascular injuries, and to analyze the main challenges related to this clinical entity.

Methods: Over a period of 25 years, 17 pediatric peripheral vascular injuries were treated in our institution. Patient's age ranged between one day (newborn) and 15 years (mean: 10.7 years). There were five injuries of upper and 12 injuries of the lower extremity. Preoperative diagnosis was established by clinical examination (N.=4), ultrasonography (N.=1) and angiography (N.=12). Blunt trauma mainly caused arterial thrombosis while penetrating trauma caused arterial laceration or complete transection. Five patients had associated orthopedic injuries (29,4%). There were two posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms and two arterio-venous fistulas.

Results: There was no perioperative mortality. Vascular reconstructions included arterial suture (N.=4), thrombectomy + patch angioplasty (N.=1), termino-terminal anastomosis (N.=3), venous anatomic bypass (N.=6), PTFE graft reconstruction (N.=2), and venous extra-anatomic reconstruction (N.=1). Two patients had associated venous injury demanding both arterial and venous reconstruction. In the only case of war trauma treatment ended with limb loss. Other reconstructions presented good early and long-term patency.

Conclusions: Pediatric vascular injuries are extremely challenging issues. Treatment includes broad spectrum of different types of vascular reconstructions. It should be performed by vascular surgeon trained in open vascular treatment or pediatric surgeon with significant experience in vascular surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0392-9590.19.04124-5DOI Listing
June 2019

Selection of optimal open repair for popliteal aneurysms.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2019 Feb;60(1):148-149

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia -

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10641-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with associated horseshoe kidney.

Int Angiol 2018 Dec 24;37(6):471-478. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) with concomitant horseshoe kidney (HK) present a unique challenge at the time of repair. The aim of this article was to propose the most rationale strategy during open repair (OR) of RAAA in the presence of HK.

Methods: We identified and analyzed all patients treated at the clinic due to RAAA and HK. An extensive search was performed on all articles published up to August of 2017 describing open and endovascular repair of RAAA with concomitant horseshoe kidney. The following data were extracted and analyzed: patient number, number of renal arteries, Crawford classification of horseshoe kidney vascularization, type of aortic reconstruction, management with renal arteries, 30-day kidney failure and outcome.

Results: Transperitoneal approach followed by supraceliac aortic cross clamping without the division of the renal isthmus occurred in all our six cases. Four of them required additional procedures with accessory renal arteries after aortic replacement. Three of patients (50%) died during the first 30 postoperative days, while one developed transitory renal insufficiency. The renal isthmus was preserved in 43.90% and divided in 46.34% of cases. Crawford type I of HK vascularization was presented in 21.95% of cases, type II also in 39.02%, while the type III in 19.51% of cases. In 46.33% of cases a procedure with renal arteries was necessary. In 26.82% accessory renal arteries were ligated, while in 19.51% preserved (reattachment or aorto-renal bypass). Thirty-day mortality was 21.95%, while the incidence of postoperative renal failure was also 21.95%. There was not significant correlation between the renal artery ligation and the postoperative renal failure (r=-0.81, P=0.59).

Conclusions: Transperitoneal approach should be preferred during urgent OR of RAAA with concomitant HK. A supraceliac aortic cross clamping and the placement of occlusive Fogarty catheters into both iliac arteries are recommended for proximal and distal bleeding control. Preservation of accessory renal arteries that are larger than 3 mm in diameter or supply more than 30% of renal parenchima is recommended. The division of the renal isthmus should be avoided if vascularized. It seems that renal arteries could be covered in emergency EVAR without any implications on postoperative kidney function, allowing broader aplication of endovascular treatment for thesse patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0392-9590.18.04039-7DOI Listing
December 2018

Is late open conversion after TEVAR more risky than primary open repair of descending thoracic aneurysms?

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2019 Feb 26;60(1):147-148. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10626-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Does the in-situ technique provide better long-term patency of femoro-distal bypass reconstruction?

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2019 Feb 26;60(1):146-147. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10622-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Graft replacement as a method in treatment of symptomatic carotid in stent restenosis.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2017 Feb;58(1):133-135

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.16.09175-XDOI Listing
February 2017

Open Repair of AAA in a High Volume Center.

World J Surg 2017 Mar;41(3):884-891

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: To assess results of open repair (OR) of AAA in a single high volume center.

Methods: We analyzed prospectively collected data of 450 patients who underwent elective OR of AAA at the Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in the period between January 2013 and September 2014.

Results: Postoperative death occurred in seven patients (1. 55%) during the first 30 postoperative days. The mortality was caused by: uncontrolled bleeding-1, acute myocardial infarction-1, ischemic colitis-2, MOFS-2, sepsis due to infection and dehiscence of laparotomy wound-1. Coronary artery disease (OR 3.89; CI 0.85-17.7; p = 0.0058), postoperative acute myocardial infarction (OR 29.9; CI 2.56-334.95; p = 0.0053), chronic renal failure (OR 7.5; CI 1.35-8.5; p = 0.0073), colonic necrosis (OR 88.2; CI 4.77-1629.69; p = 0.0026), occlusion of the both hypogastric arteries and the inability to preserve at least one hypogastric artery (OR 17.4; CI 1.99-178.33; p = 0.0230), aortobifemoral reconstruction (OR 9.06; CI 1.76-46.49; p = 0.016), significant perioperative bleeding (>2 L) (OR 7.32; CI 1.31-10.79; p = 0.0001), hostile abdomen (OR 5.25; CI 1.3-21.1; p = 0.0055), inflammatory aneurysm (OR 13.99; CI 2.88-65.09; p = 0.0002), supraceliac aortic cross-clamping (OR 18.7; CI 3.8-90.6; p = 0.0003), prolonged aortic cross-clamping (>60 min) (OR 14.25; CI 2.75-64.5; p = 0.0003), the intraoperative hypotension (OR 6.61; CI 0.71-61.07; p = 0.0545), the prolonged operation (>240 min) (OR 8.66; CI 0.91-81.56; p = 0.0585) and complete dehiscence of the laparotomy (OR 44.1; CI 3.39-572.78; p = 0.0396) increased the 30-day mortality in our study.

Conclusions: Early mortality after open repair of AAA in high volume center might be very low due to experienced multidisciplinary team. Centralized open aortic surgery might be solution for effective treatment of patients with unsuitable anatomy or for young patients with long life expectancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-016-3788-3DOI Listing
March 2017

Effect of IgM-Enriched Immunoglobulin as Adjunctive Therapy in a Patient Following Sepsis After Open Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2016 Jun 28;30(3):746-8. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade; School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2015.08.025DOI Listing
June 2016

The role of kinesitherapy and electrotherapeutic procedures in non-operative management of patients with intermittent claudications.

Vascular 2016 Jun 26;24(3):246-53. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: To examine the effects of physical therapy (kinesitherapy and electrotherapeutic procedures) on the course of peripheral arterial occlusive disease by monitoring the changes in values of claudication distance and ankle-brachial indexes.

Methods: Prospective randomized study included 47 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease manifested by intermittent claudications associated with ankle-brachial indexes values ranging from 0.5 to 0.9. Patients from the first group (25 pts) were treated with medicamentous therapy, walking exercises beyond the pain threshold, dynamic low-burden kinesi exercises and electrotherapeutic ageneses (interference therapy, diadynamic therapy, and electromagnetic field), while the second group of patients (22 pts) was treated with "conventional" non-operative treatment - medicamentous therapy and walking exercises. The values of newly established absolute claudication distance and ankle-brachial indexes were measured.

Findings: Significant increase of absolute claudication distance in both groups of patients was registered, independently of therapeutic protocol applied (p < 0.001), as well as the increase in the claudication distance interval in the physical therapy group. There was no significant increase in ankle-brachial indexes values in both groups of patients.

Conclusion: Methods of physical therapy presented valuable supplement in non-operative treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease patients, improving their functional ability and thus postponing surgical treatment. However, further investigations including larger number of patients are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1708538115593651DOI Listing
June 2016

Some technical considerations of open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair in a transition country.

Vascular 2011 Dec 8;19(6):333-7. Epub 2011 Jul 8.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Serbia.

A variety of operative approaches and protective adjuncts have been used in thoracoabdominal aneurysm (TAA) repair to minimize the major complications of perioperative death and spinal cord ischemia. There is no consensus with respect to the optimal approach. We present 118 surgically treated patients over a 10-year period. The present study reviews our experience as a transition country (Serbia) in the treatment and problems we have encountered during open operative treatment of TAAs. Between 1999 and 2009, the authors reviewed 118 consecutive patients who underwent thoracoabdominal aortic resection using a variety of spinal cord protection. Clinical data collected prospectively were analyzed retrospectively. The purpose of the current study was to review the results of a large series of TAA repairs and to present some technical considerations and complications of open TAA repair. There were seven operative deaths (5.9%): two in the setting of ruptured TAAs, three myocardial infarctions and two due to hemorrhage. All 30 (25.4%) postoperative deaths occurred during the initial hospitalization. Postoperative complications included paraplegia in 11 patients (9.3%); renal failure in eight patients (6.8%), with four patients (3.4%) requiring hemodialysis; pulmonary complications in 75 patients (63.5%); bleeding requiring reoperation in two patients (1.7%) and coagulopathic hemorrhage in five patients (4.2%); cardiac complications in six patients (5.1%); stroke in five patients (4.2%); wound dehiscence in six patients (5.1%); and subdural hemorrhage in one patient (0.87%). Open TAA repair intrinsically has substantial complications, of which spinal cord ischemia and renal failure are the most devastating, despite major progress in our understanding of the pathophysiology and operative strategy. Our current review of data clearly proves that the surgical repair of TAAs remains a challenge even in the 21st century, especially in a country in transition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/vasc.2010.oa0279DOI Listing
December 2011

False traumatic aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas: retrospective analysis.

World J Surg 2011 Jun;35(6):1378-86

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Serbian Clinical Centre, 8 K. Todorovica Street, 11 000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of false traumatic aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas as well as the outcomes of the patients.

Methods: A retrospective, 16-year survey has been conducted regarding the cases of patients who underwent surgery for false traumatic aneurysms (FTA) of arteries and traumatic arteriovenous fistulas (TAVF). Patients with iatrogenic AV fistulas and iatrogenic false aneurysms were excluded from the study. There were 36 patients with TAVF and 47 with FTA. In all, 73 (87.95%) were male, and 10 (12.05%) were female, with an average age of 36.93 years (13-82 years).

Results: In 25 (29.76%) cases TAVF and FTA appeared combat-related, and 59 (70.24%) were in noncombatants. The average of all intervals between the injury and surgery was 919. 8 days (1 day to 41 years) for FTA and 396.6 days (1 day to 9 years) for TAVF. Most of the patients in both groups were surgically treated during the first 30 days after injury. One patient died on the fourth postoperative day. There were two early complications. The early patency rate was 83.34%, and limb salvage was 100%. There were no recurrent AV fistulas that required additional operations.

Conclusions: Because of their history of severe complications, FTA and TAV fistulas require prompt treatment. The treatment is simpler if there is only a short interval between the injury and the operation. Surgical endovascular repair is mostly indicated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-011-1021-yDOI Listing
June 2011

Role of recombinant factor VIIa in the treatment of intractable bleeding in vascular surgery.

J Vasc Surg 2011 Apr 7;53(4):1032-7. Epub 2011 Jan 7.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Serbian Clinical Center, 8 K. Todorovica St, Belgrade 11000, Republic of Serbia.

Background: Most recent publications have shown that the recombinant form of activated factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven, Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsværd, Denmark) induces excellent hemostasis in patients with severe intractable bleeding caused by trauma and major surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of rFVIIa on the treatment of intractable perioperative bleeding in vascular surgery when conventional hemostatic measures are inadequate.

Materials And Methods: There were two groups of patients: the NovoSeven group (group N), 10 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) and 14 patients operated on due to thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs); the control group (group C), 14 patients with RAAAs and 17 patients with TAAAs. All patients suffered intractable hemorrhage refractory to conventional hemostatic measures, while patients from group N were additionally treated with rFVIIa.

Results: Postoperative blood loss was significantly lower in group N treated with rFVII (P < .0001). Postoperative administration of packed red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets was lower in patients from group N, (P < .0001). Successful hemorrhage arrest was reported in 21 patients (87.5%) treated with rFVIIa, and in 9 patients (29.03%) in group C (P < .001). Thirty-day mortality in these two groups significantly differed. The mortality rate was 12.5% (3 patients) in group N and 80.65% (25 patients) in group C (P < .0001).

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that rFVIIa may play a role in controlling the intractable perioperative and postoperative bleeding in surgical patients undergoing a repair of RAAAs and TAAAs. Certainly, prospective randomized trials are necessary to further confirm the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of rFVIIa in these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2010.07.075DOI Listing
April 2011

Correlation of color Doppler with multidetector CT angiography findings in carotid artery stenosis.

ScientificWorldJournal 2010 Sep 14;10:1818-25. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

Institute of Radiology, Clinical Center of Belgrade, Serbia.

The aim of this paper was to examine the correlation between the Color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US) and multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA) diagnostic methods, and to define the degree and extent of stenosis in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. This was a cross-sectional study with a consecutive series of patients. All US examinations were always carried out by the same physician-angiologist, while all CT examinations were always carried out by the same physician-radiologist. Both worked independently from each other. The stenosis area was measured at the narrowest point by NASCET criteria for US/CT. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) over 210 cm/sec and end diastolic velocity (EDV) over 110 cm/sec criteria were applied for stenoses with lumen narrowed over 70%, while PSV under 130 cm/sec and EDV under 100 cm/sec criteria were applied for those with lumen narrowed under 70%. A total of 124 carotid arteries were observed; namely, 89 narrowed and 68 surgically treated. All patients were reviewed by US and then by MDCTA; patients with 70-99% stenosis underwent surgery. The correlation coefficient between stenosis degree measured by US and MDCTA was 0.922; p < 0.01. The average difference between US and MDCTA diagnostic methods was 3% (Z = -1.438, p > 0.05). The US and CT matching level for stenoses from 70 to 99% was very high (kappa = 0.778, p < 0.01). In conclusion, there is a highly significant statistical correlation among both diagnostic methods when measuring stenosis degree and extent. US is more dependent on the physician, while MDCTA is more objective and independent from the physician. We think it would be appropriate to undertake an MDCTA exam for those patients who are candidates for carotid endarterectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/tsw.2010.170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5763977PMC
September 2010

The addition of fentanyl to local anesthetics affects the quality and duration of cervical plexus block: a randomized, controlled trial.

Anesth Analg 2010 Jul 2;111(1):234-7. Epub 2010 Jun 2.

Institute of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade University Medical School, Dr. Koste Todorovica 8, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Cervical plexus block is frequently associated with unsatisfactory sensory blockade. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we examined whether the addition of fentanyl to local anesthetics improves the quality of cervical plexus block in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA).

Methods: Seventy-seven consecutive adult patients scheduled for elective CEA were randomized to receive either fentanyl 1 mL (50 microg) or saline placebo 1 mL in a mixture of 10 mL bupivacaine 0.5% and 4 mL lidocaine 2% for deep cervical plexus block. Superficial cervical plexus block was performed using a mixture of 10 mL bupivacaine 0.5% and 5 mL lidocaine 2%. Pain was assessed using the verbal rating scale (0-10; 0 = no pain, 10 = worst pain imaginable), and propofol in 20-mg IV bolus doses was given to patients reporting verbal rating scale >3 during the procedure. Rescue medication consumption during surgery and analgesia requirements over the next 24 hours, as well as onset of sensory blockade, were recorded. A P value <0.05 was regarded as statistically significant.

Results: Fewer patients in the fentanyl group (4 of 38, 10.5%) required propofol compared with the placebo group (26 of 39, 66.7%; P < 0.001). In comparison with the placebo group, the fentanyl group consumed less propofol (median 0 [0-60] vs 60 [0-160] mg, respectively; P < 0.001), required postoperative analgesia less frequently (22 of 38 patients, 57.9% vs 35 of 39 patients, 89.7%, respectively; P = 0.002), and requested the first analgesic after surgery later (median 5.8 [1.9-15.6] vs 3.1 [1.0-11.7] hours, respectively; P < 0.001), whereas the onset time of sensory blockade was similar in both groups (median 12 [9-18] vs 15 [9-18] minutes, respectively; P = 0.18).

Conclusions: The addition of fentanyl to local anesthetics improved the quality and prolonged the duration of cervical plexus block in patients undergoing CEA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181e1e9abDOI Listing
July 2010

Arterial complications of thoracic outlet syndrome.

Am Surg 2009 Mar;75(3):235-9

Clinic for Vascular Surgery, Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of the Serbian Clinical Centre, Belgrade, Serbia.

Arterial complications of thoracic outlet compression have serious potential implications; however, these complications rarely appear. Between 1990 and 2006, prospectively collected data on 27 patients with arterial complications of thoracic outlet syndrome were analyzed. The causes of arterial compression were cervical rib (20 [74.1%]), abnormalities of the first thoracic rib (three [11.1%]), soft tissue anomalies (two [7.4%]), and hypertrophic callus after clavicle fracture (two [7.4%]). In all cases, a combined supraclavicular and infraclavicular approach was used. Decompression was achieved by cervical rib excision in 13 (48.1%) patients, combined cervical and first rib excision in seven (26%), and first rib excision in six (22.2%). Associated vascular procedures included resection and replacement of the subclavian artery (26 [97.3%]), one subclavian-axillary and one axillary-brachial bypass as well as 17 (63%) brachial embolectomies. The mean follow-up period was 7 years 4 months (range, 1-16 years). Two pleural entries, two transient brachial plexus injuries, and one subclavian artery rethrombosis were found. Complete resolution of symptoms with a return to full activity was noted in all cases. In surgical treatment, a combined anterior supraclavicular and infraclavicular approach is recommended as well as transbrachial embolectomy in all cases with symptoms of distal embolization.
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March 2009

[Comparative analysis of conventional and eversion carotid endarterectomy--prospective randomized study].

Srp Arh Celok Lek 2008 Nov-Dec;136(11-12):590-7

Introduction: Studies completed in the last decade of the 20th century showed benefits of carotid endarterectomy in the prevention of stroke in patients with a high-grade stenosis of the internal carotid artery.

Objective: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was the comparison of early and long-term results between the conventional and eversion carotid endarterectomy, and literature review.

Method: By the method of random choice, 103 patients were operated on using the eversion carotid endarterectomy and 98 patients using the conventional technique. Operative treatment was carried out under general anaesthesia. Following the clammping of the carotid artery, retrograde blood pressure was determined by a direct puncture of the internal carotid artery above the stenotic lesions. In patients with retrograde pressure below 20 mm Hg intraluminal shunting was routinely performed. Early results were estimated (during the first seven postoperative days) based on mortality, central neurological complications (stroke, TIA) and cranial or cervical nerve lesions. Long-term results were estimated (after at least two years) based on long-term survival rate, central neurological complications (stroke,TIA) and the incidence of haemodynamically significant restenosis of the carotid artery treated by endarterectomy.

Results: The average time of clamming of the internal carotid artery in the eversion carotid anderectomy group was 5.36 minutes shorter than in the group treated by the conventional technique. Student's t-test showed a statistically highly significant difference in the time needed for clamming of the internal carotid artery between the two groups. The average duration of eversion endarterectomy (82 minutes) was most often 19 minutes shorter than the duration of the conventional endarterectomy (101 minutes). Student's t-test showed a statistically highly significant difference in the average length of surgeries. The distal intimal fixation was more often needed during the conventional carotid endarterectomy (34.7%) compared to eversion endarterectomy (3.9%). Chi 2-test showed a statistically highly significant difference.

Conclusion: Eversion carotid endarectomy represents a statistically significantly shorter procedure. Distal intimal fixation demanded by this procedure is very rare, clammping of the internal carotid artery is significantly shorter, and it also has a lower rate of the early neurological complications. Based on the results of this study, as well as the opinions of other authors, it can be concluded that the eversion carotid endarterectomy has an advantage over the conventional procedure.We recommend conventional procedure only in cases when retrograde pressure indicates the use of the intraluminal shunting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/sarh0812590mDOI Listing
February 2009

[Recombinant activated factor VII in the treatment of intractable non-surgical bleeding following major vascular procedures].

Srp Arh Celok Lek 2008 Jul-Aug;136(7-8):367-72

Introduction: A recombinant form of activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is a haemostatic drug that is approved for use in haemophiliacs with antibodies to factor VIII or factor IX. Most recent studies and clinical experience have shown that rFVIIa (NovoSeven, Novo Nordisk A/S, Denmark) gives extreme haemostatic effect in patients with severe "non-haemophilic" bleeding produced after trauma and major surgery.

Objective: We present our preliminary experience of the use of rFVIIa in vascular surgery when conventional haemostatic measures are inadequate.

Method: There were 32 patients divided into five groups: Group I--14 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms; Group II--10 patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms; Group III--5 patients with retroperitoneal tumours involving great abdominal vessels; Group IV--2 patients with portal hypertension and Group V--one patient with iatrogenic injury of brachial artery and vein during fibrinolytic treatment, because of myocardial infarction.

Results: Clinical improvement was detected following treatment in 29 patients. Bleeding was successfully controlled as evidenced by improved haemodynamic parameters and decreased inotropic and transfusion requirements.

Conclusion: In vascular patients more liberal use of rFVlla is limited, because no randomized controlled trial has proved its efficacy and safety in such patients; while also keeping in mind that the price of a 4.8 mg of rFVIIa is $4080. We recommend the use of rFVIIa in vascular surgery only during and after operative treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, retroperitoneal tumours involving the aorta and/or inferior vena cava, as well as portal hypertension, when non-surgical massive uncontrolled bleeding are present.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/sarh0808367kDOI Listing
November 2008
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