Publications by authors named "Lawrence D Sher"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Dupilumab Efficacy in Patients Stratified by Baseline Treatment Intensity and Lung Function.

J Asthma Allergy 2020 16;13:701-711. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Sanofi, Bridgewater, NJ, USA.

Purpose: The Phase 3 LIBERTY ASTHMA QUEST study in patients aged ≥12 years with uncontrolled, moderate-to-severe asthma demonstrated the efficacy and safety of dupilumab 200 mg and 300 mg every 2 weeks (q2w) vs matched placebo in the overall population. This post hoc analysis assessed dupilumab efficacy by disease severity as evidenced by baseline % predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) and dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS).

Patients And Methods: Severe asthma exacerbation rates, change from baseline in FEV, asthma control, quality of life, and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels over the 52-week treatment period were assessed in patients with elevated type 2 inflammation biomarkers stratified by ICS dose and FEV% predicted at baseline.

Results: In patients with elevated baseline eosinophils, dupilumab 200 mg and 300 mg q2w vs placebo reduced severe exacerbation rates by 50% (=0.06) and 67% (=0.001), respectively, in those with medium-dose ICS/FEV% predicted 60-90%, and by 59% (<0.001) and 47% (=0.006) in those with high-dose ICS/FEV% predicted <60%, improved pre-bronchodilator FEV at Week 12 by 0.16L (=0.005) and 0.08L (=0.13), and by 0.20L (=0.003) and 0.21L (<0.001), respectively, in the same subgroups. Dupilumab vs placebo also improved asthma control and quality of life and suppressed FeNO levels in all patient subgroups with similar results observed irrespective of baseline biomarker status or disease severity.

Conclusion: Dupilumab reduced severe exacerbations and improved lung function, asthma control and quality of life in patients with elevated baseline eosinophils irrespective of baseline ICS dose or FEV% predicted.
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December 2020

Fluticasone propionate and fluticasone propionate/salmeterol multidose dry powder inhalers compared with placebo for persistent asthma.

Allergy Asthma Proc 2017 09 21;38(5):343-353. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

Background: A novel, inhalation-driven, multidose dry powder inhaler (MDPI) has been developed, which allows for lower doses of fluticasone propionate (Fp) and Fp/salmeterol (FS) for the treatment of patients with asthma.

Objective: This phase III, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group study (NCT02141854) evaluated the efficacy and safety of Fp MDPI and FS MDPI versus placebo MDPI.

Methods: Patients aged ≥12 years with persistent asthma who previously took an inhaled corticosteroid with or without a long-acting beta-agonist entered a 14- to 21-day run-in period, during which they received single-blind, low-dose Fp MDPI 50 μg (1 inhalation twice daily [b.i.d.]) and used albuterol hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) metered-dose inhaler (MDI) for rescue. The patients who continued to meet eligibility criteria (N = 728) were randomized to Fp MDPI (100 or 200 μg), FS MDPI (100 μg/12.5 μg or 200 μg/12.5 μg), or placebo (1 inhalation b.i.d.). Primary efficacy end points were the change from baseline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and the baseline-adjusted area under the FEV1 curve 12 hours after the dose at week 12. Secondary efficacy end points were A.M. peak expiratory flow, asthma symptom scores, albuterol HFA MDI use, time to patient withdrawal, Asthma Quality of Life scores, and time to 15% and 12% improvement from baseline in FEV1. Safety end points were monitored.

Results: Fp MDPI and FS MDPI significantly improved both primary end points compared with placebo (p < 0.05). FS MDPI significantly improved both end points versus the corresponding Fp MDPI dose (p < 0.05), with improvement also greater for FS MDPI 100 μg/12.5 μg versus Fp MDPI 200 μg (p < 0.05). Both active treatments improved a variety of secondary end points and exhibited a safety profile consistent with the drug classes.

Conclusion: Delivery of Fp and FS via the novel MDPI provided significant clinical benefits and was well tolerated in patients with persistent asthma.
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September 2017

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology membership experience with allergen immunotherapy safety in patients with specific medical conditions.

Allergy Asthma Proc 2016 Sep;37(5):112-22

Hospital Médica Sur, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Little data in the literature exist concerning patients with certain underlying medical conditions who receive allergen subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT).

Objective: To survey allergists' experience with SCIT in patients with medical conditions considered to impose an elevated risk for untoward outcomes.

Methods: A Web-based survey was conducted among members of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology to query about their experience with SCIT in patients with certain medical conditions.

Results: There were 1085 replies (21% response), of whom, 86% were U.S. based, 51% were suburban, 31% were academic, 42% were medium-sized practices, and 54% had >15 years' experience. In responders' opinion, SCIT was "contraindicated" in patients with the following: acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (48%), cancer (and still receiving active treatment) (33%), severe asthma (32%), and a history of transplantation (30%). Even so, survey responders collectively gave SCIT to >2400 patients for each of these conditions: severe asthma, coronary artery disease, cancer in remission, and autoimmune disorders; and to ≥5400 patients with hypertension and ≥4100 women who became pregnant. The experience of colleagues with these patients rarely resulted in major problems (i.e., activation of underlying disease, systemic reactions to SCIT, or SCIT discontinuation), with the exception of severe asthma (12.5%), initiation of SCIT during pregnancy (5.4%), and AIDS (4.2%). For most other conditions, it was ≤1.5% (e.g., continue during pregnancy, cancer in remission, history of transplantation, positive human immunodeficiency virus and no AIDS).

Conclusion: According to the experience of a large group of practicing allergists, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology members, few medical conditions seemed to pose an elevated risk for untoward outcomes from SCIT. Because these are survey results, prospective research might yield even more solid data.
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September 2016

Community-based treatment of acute uncomplicated bacterial rhinosinusitis with gatifloxacin.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002 Sep;127(3):182-9

Peninsula Research Associates, Rolling Hills Estates, CA 90274, USA.

Objective: We sought to evaluate gatifloxacin in adults with acute uncomplicated bacterial rhinosinusitis.

Study Design: TeqCES was an open-label, multicenter, noncomparative study of the safety and efficacy of gatifloxacin. More than 11,000 adult patients with acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis received gatifloxacin 400 mg once daily for 10 days.

Results: Moraxella catarrhalis (91% beta-lactamase producers), Haemophilus influenzae (28% beta-lactamase producers), Streptococcus pneumoniae (18% intermediately resistant and 14% fully resistant to penicillin), and Staphylococcus aureus were the predominant pathogens isolated from purulent nasal discharge. More than 99% of rhinosinusitis pathogens isolated from the nasopharynx of patients meeting the clinical criteria for rhinosinusitis were susceptible to gatifloxacin. Among 10,353 patients whose clinical response could be determined, 91.6% were cured. Clinical cure rates exceeded 90% for the major pathogens. Gatifloxacin was well tolerated; drug-related adverse events that occurred in 1% or more of patients were nausea (4.4%), dizziness (1.8%), diarrhea (1.4%), and headache (1.0%).

Conclusion: Gatifloxacin is effective for patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in the community.
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September 2002

A multicenter, randomized, investigator-blinded study of 5- and 10-day gatifloxacin versus 10-day amoxicillin/clavulanate in patients with acute bacterial sinusitis.

Clin Ther 2002 Feb;24(2):269-81

Peninsula Research Associates, Rolling Hills Estates, California 90274, USA.

Background: Treatment guidelines for acute bacterial sinusitis recommend 10 to 14 days of therapy with amoxicillin/clavulanate, high-dose amoxicillin, cefpodoxime, cefuroxime, or a newer fluoroquinolone.

Objective: This study compared the clinical efficacy of short-course (5-day) gatifloxacin with standard 10-day regimens of amoxicillin/clavulanate or gatifloxacin in patients with a diagnosis of acute, uncomplicated maxillary sinusitis.

Methods: This was a multicenter, investigator-blinded study in adult patients (age >18 years) with physical findings, signs and symptoms (for at least 7 days), and radiographic findings indicating acute, uncomplicated maxillary sinusitis. Patients were randomized to receive gatifloxacin 400 mg once daily for 5 days, gatifloxacin 400 mg once daily for 10 days, or amoxicillin/clavulanate 875 mg twice daily for 10 days. Clinical response was assessed once between days 3 and 5 of treatment, once I to 3 days after the completion of study treatment, once 7 to 14 days posttreatment (test-of-cure visit), and once 21 to 28 days posttreatment. Safety was assessed throughout the study.

Results: The study enrolled 445 patients. The treatment groups were similar in terms of history of sinusitis, presenting signs and symptoms, and radiographic findings. The most common presenting symptoms were nasal congestion, sinus tenderness, and purulent nasal discharge (>90% of patients); 99% of patients had abnormal radiographic findings. At the test-of-cure visit, clinical cure rates for clinically evaluable patients in the 3 treatment groups were 74% (102/137) for 5-day gatifloxacin, 80% (101/127) for 10-day gatifloxacin, and 72% (101/ 141) for 10-day amoxicillin/clavulanate (95% CI for the difference in cure rates: 5-day gatifloxacin vs amoxicillin/clavulanate, -7.6 to 13.2; 5- vs 10-day gatifloxacin, -15.2 to 5.1; 10-day gatifloxacin vs amoxicillin/clavulanate, -2.3 to 18.1). The distribution and incidence of drug-related adverse events (AEs) were comparable between treatment groups, and the majority (>95%) were mild or moderate in severity. The most common drug-related AEs included vaginitis, diarrhea, and nausea.

Conclusion: In this population of patients with acute, uncomplicated sinusitis of presumed bacterial origin, a short course (5 days) of gatifloxacin therapy was associated with comparable clinical cure rates and tolerability to those of standard 10-day therapy with gatifloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanate.
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February 2002