Publications by authors named "Laurent Reydellet"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The white test for intraoperative screening of bile leakage: a potential trigger factor for acute pancreatitis after liver resection-a case series.

BMC Surg 2021 Oct 2;21(1):356. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Digestive Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Hôpital la Timone, 264 rue Saint-Pierre, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.

Background: Acute pancreatitis after liver resection is a rare but serious complication, and few cases have been described in the literature. Extended lymphadenectomy, and long ischemia due to the Pringle maneuver could be responsible of post-liver resection acute pancreatitis, but the exact causes of AP after hepatectomy remain unclear.

Cases Presentation: We report here three cases of AP after hepatectomy and we strongly hypothesize that this is due to the bile leakage white test. 502 hepatectomy were performed at our center and 3 patients (0.6%) experienced acute pancreatitis after LR and all of these three patients underwent the white test at the end of the liver resection. None underwent additionally lymphadenectomy to the liver resection. All patient had a white-test during the liver surgery. We identified distal implantation of the cystic duct in these three patients as a potential cause for acute pancreatitis.

Conclusion: The white test is useful for detection of bile leakage after liver resection, but we do not recommend a systematic use after LR, because severe acute pancreatitis can be lethal for the patient, especially in case of distal cystic implantation which may facilitate reflux in the main pancreatic duct.
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October 2021

Peri-operative risk factors of chronic kidney disease after liver transplantation.

J Nephrol 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Digestive Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Hôpital la Timone, 264 Rue Saint-Pierre, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a frequent long-term complication after liver transplantation (LT) and is associated with poor long-term survival. The aim of our study was to identify the risk factors of developing post-transplant CKD at 1 year, during the pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-LT phases.

Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent primary LT between July 2013 and February 2018 were analyzed. To assess the impact of peri- and post-operative factors on renal function at 1 year we performed a propensity score matching on gender, age of the recipient, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, etiology of the hepatic disease, and estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) at baseline.

Results: Among the 245 patients who underwent LT, 215 had available data at one year (Y1), and 46% of them had CKD. Eighty-three patients in the CKD group and 83 in the normal renal function group were then matched. The median follow-up was 35 months (27-77). Patients with CKD at Y1 had a decreased 5-year survival compared to patients with normal renal function at one year: figures were 62% and 90%, respectively, p = 0.001. The independent predictors of CKD at Y1 were major complications (OR = 2.2, 95% CI [1.2-4.2]), p = 0.015, intensive care unit (ICU) stay > 5 days (OR = 2.2, 95% CI [1.3-5.1]), p = 0.046, ICU serum lactate level at 24 h ≥ 2.5 mmol/L (OR = 3.8 95% CI [1.1-8]), p = 0.034, need for post-LT renal replacement therapy (OR = 6.4 95% CI [1.4-25]), and MELD score ≥ 20 (OR = 2.1 95% CI [1.1-3.9]), p = 0.019.

Conclusions: The peri-operative period has a major impact on CKD incidence. Early recognition of patients at high risk of CKD may be critical for implementation of nephroprotective measures.
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August 2021

Two-dimensional-strain echocardiography in intensive care unit patients: A prospective, observational study.

J Clin Ultrasound 2016 Jul 4;44(6):368-74. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

Service d'anesthésie et de réanimation, hôpital Nord, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France.

Purpose: Two-dimensional-strain echocardiography (2D-strain) is a promising technique for the early detection of myocardial dysfunction. Our study was aimed to assess its feasibility in the intensive care unit (ICU). Our secondary goal was to determine if 2D-strain could predict the patient's outcome.

Methods: Conventional echocardiography and 2D-strain were performed on 64 consecutive patients admitted to our ICU. Using 2D-strain, the longitudinal deformation of the left ventricle was assessed. Feasibility of 2D-strain, diagnosis performance, and 28-day mortality prediction were determined.

Results: 2D-strain measurements could be performed in 77% of our patients. All 2D-strain variables related to ventricular performance were significantly impaired in the patients who died compared with those who survived. Strain global medium was the only independent echocardiographic variable predictor of 28-day mortality rate (odds ratio 0.60; 95% confidence interval 0.43-0.80, p = 0.002).

Conclusions: 2D-strain measurement is feasible in ICU patients, enabling identifying early left ventricle dysfunction. Strain global medium is an independent predictor of 28-day mortality. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound 44:368-374, 2016.
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July 2016

[Case report of cardiac tamponade resulting from jugular venous catheterization using ultrasound guidance].

Presse Med 2015 May 2;44(5):556-7. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, hôpital Conception, Aix-Marseille université, service d'anesthésie et de réanimation, 13005 Marseille, France.

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May 2015

Sleep disorders among French anaesthesiologists and intensivists working in public hospitals: a self-reported electronic survey.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2015 Feb;32(2):132-7

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Conception Hospital (ER, VB, LR, KH, CN, JA), the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, North Hospital (FA, ML) and the Department of Sleep Medicine, Timone Hospital (MR), Aix Marseille University, Marseille, France (AN).

Background: Sleep disorders can affect the health of physicians and patient outcomes.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of sleep disorders among French anaesthesiologists and intensivists working in a public hospital.

Design: A cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Anaesthesiologists and intensivists working in French public hospitals.

Main Outcome Measures: Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) was used to assess the degree of excessive daytime sleepiness.

Results: Among 1504 responders, 677 (45%) physicians reported sleep disorders. The independent factors associated with sleep disorders were reporting of sleep disorders [odds ratio (OR) 12.04, 95% CI (95% confidence interval) 8.89 to 16.46], sleep time less than 7 h (OR 8.86, 95% CI 6.50 to 12.20), work stress (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.49 to 2.83), stress at home (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.53), anxiolytic use (OR 3.69, 95% CI 2.23 to 6.25), psychotropic drug use (OR 3.91, 95% CI 1.51 to 11.52) and excessive daytime sleepiness (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.34 to 2.45). Six hundred and seventy-six (44%) responders reported excessive daytime sleepiness during their professional activity. The independent factors associated with excessive daytime sleepiness were female sex (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.49 to 2.34), tea consumption (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.91), regular practice of nap (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.34 to 2.09), stress at home (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.68), more than four extended work shifts monthly (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.56) and sleep disorders (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.31 to 2.29). Reporting sleep disorder duration and a sleep time less than 7 h were the two major risk factors for sleep disorders. Female sex was the major risk factor for excessive daytime sleepiness.

Conclusion: French anaesthesiologists did not report more sleep disorders than the general population, but their alertness is impaired by a factor of two.
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February 2015