Publications by authors named "Laura Streit"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Somatostatin analogue pasireotide (SOM230) inhibits catecholamine secretion in human pheochromocytoma cells.

Cancer Lett 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, F-67000, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Increasingly common, neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are regarded nowadays as neoplasms potentially causing debilitating symptoms and life-threatening medical conditions. Pheochromocytoma is a NET that develops from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla, and is responsible for an excessive secretion of catecholamines. Consequently, patients have an increased risk for clinical symptoms such as hypertension, elevated stroke risk and various cardiovascular complications. Somatostatin analogues are among the main anti-secretory medical drugs used in current clinical practice in patient with NETs. However, their impact on pheochromocytoma-associated catecholamine hypersecretion remains incompletely explored. This study investigated the potential efficacy of octreotide and pasireotide (SOM230) on human tumor cells directly cultured from freshly resected pheochromocytomas using an implemented catecholamine secretion measurement by carbon fiber amperometry. SOM230 treatment efficiently inhibited nicotine-induced catecholamine secretion both in bovine chromaffin cells and in human tumor cells whereas octreotide had no effect. Moreover, SOM230 specifically decreased the number of exocytic events by impairing the stimulation-evoked calcium influx as well as the nicotinic receptor-activated inward current in human pheochromocytoma cells. Altogether, our findings indicate that SOM230 acts as an inhibitor of catecholamine secretion through a mechanism involving the nicotinic receptor and might be considered as a potential anti-secretory treatment for patients with pheochromocytoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2021.10.009DOI Listing
October 2021

Hormones Secretion and Rho GTPases in Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Jul 10;12(7). Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) belong to a heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising from hormone secreting cells. These tumors are often associated with a dysfunction of their secretory activity. Neuroendocrine secretion occurs through calcium-regulated exocytosis, a process that is tightly controlled by Rho GTPases family members. In this review, we compiled the numerous mutations and modification of expression levels of Rho GTPases or their regulators (Rho guanine nucleotide-exchange factors and Rho GTPase-activating proteins) that have been identified in NETs. We discussed how they might regulate neuroendocrine secretion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12071859DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7408961PMC
July 2020
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