Publications by authors named "Laura Odongo"

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Ebola virus glycoprotein interacts with cholesterol to enhance membrane fusion and cell entry.

Nat Struct Mol Biol 2021 02 18;28(2):181-189. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Center for Membrane and Cell Physiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Cholesterol serves critical roles in enveloped virus fusion by modulating membrane properties. The glycoprotein (GP) of Ebola virus (EBOV) promotes fusion in the endosome, a process that requires the endosomal cholesterol transporter NPC1. However, the role of cholesterol in EBOV fusion is unclear. Here we show that cholesterol in GP-containing membranes enhances fusion and the membrane-proximal external region and transmembrane (MPER/TM) domain of GP interacts with cholesterol via several glycine residues in the GP2 TM domain, notably G660. Compared to wild-type (WT) counterparts, a G660L mutation caused a more open angle between MPER and TM domains in an MPER/TM construct, higher probability of stalling at hemifusion for GP2 proteoliposomes and lower cell entry of virus-like particles (VLPs). VLPs with depleted cholesterol show reduced cell entry, and VLPs produced under cholesterol-lowering statin conditions show less frequent entry than respective controls. We propose that cholesterol-TM interactions affect structural features of GP2, thereby facilitating fusion and cell entry.
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February 2021