Publications by authors named "Laura Dosa"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Identification, molecular characterization and segregation analysis of a variant pre-mutation allele in a three-generation Italian family.

Acta Myol 2020 Mar 1;39(1):13-18. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

DM1 is an autosomal dominant multisystemic disease caused by an unstable CTG repeat expansion in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the gene. The complex variant expanded the alleles containing CAG, CCG, CTC and/or GGC interruptions repetition sequences have been reported in 3-8% of DM1 patients. To date, very few information is available about the frequency and clinical consequences of pre-mutated variant allele. In this study, we describe a three-generation Italian family showing the segregation of an interrupted allele within the premutation range. TP-PCR with primers complementary to CCG repetitions and direct sequencing allow us to identify a hetero-triplet (CTG)(CCGCTG)(CTG) repeat structure. The haplotype analysis demonstrated that this variant allele is associated with the European founder DM1 haplotype. The pyrosequencing analysis of the CpG islands contained in the flanking regions of the CTG array, did not show the presence of a of the CCG interruptions on the methylation profile of the DM1 locus. The analysis of both meiotic transmissions, one maternal and one paternal, revealed the intrafamilial stability of the DM1 premutation among relatives. Our findings further support the hypothesis of a stabilizing effect of CCG interruptions on the mutational dynamics of the DM1 locus, also in intermediate alleles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.36185/2532-1900-002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315898PMC
March 2020

Clinical spectrum of individuals with pathogenic NF1 missense variants affecting p.Met1149, p.Arg1276, and p.Lys1423: genotype-phenotype study in neurofibromatosis type 1.

Hum Mutat 2020 01 26;41(1):299-315. Epub 2019 Oct 26.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

We report 281 individuals carrying a pathogenic recurrent NF1 missense variant at p.Met1149, p.Arg1276, or p.Lys1423, representing three nontruncating NF1 hotspots in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) cohort, together identified in 1.8% of unrelated NF1 individuals. About 25% (95% confidence interval: 20.5-31.2%) of individuals heterozygous for a pathogenic NF1 p.Met1149, p.Arg1276, or p.Lys1423 missense variant had a Noonan-like phenotype, which is significantly more compared with the "classic" NF1-affected cohorts (all p < .0001). Furthermore, p.Arg1276 and p.Lys1423 pathogenic missense variants were associated with a high prevalence of cardiovascular abnormalities, including pulmonic stenosis (all p < .0001), while p.Arg1276 variants had a high prevalence of symptomatic spinal neurofibromas (p < .0001) compared with "classic" NF1-affected cohorts. However, p.Met1149-positive individuals had a mild phenotype, characterized mainly by pigmentary manifestations without externally visible plexiform neurofibromas, symptomatic spinal neurofibromas or symptomatic optic pathway gliomas. As up to 0.4% of unrelated individuals in the UAB cohort carries a p.Met1149 missense variant, this finding will contribute to more accurate stratification of a significant number of NF1 individuals. Although clinically relevant genotype-phenotype correlations are rare in NF1, each affecting only a small percentage of individuals, together they impact counseling and management of a significant number of the NF1 population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23929DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6973139PMC
January 2020

Expanding the clinical phenotype of individuals with a 3-bp in-frame deletion of the NF1 gene (c.2970_2972del): an update of genotype-phenotype correlation.

Genet Med 2019 04 7;21(4):867-876. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Purpose: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is characterized by a highly variable clinical presentation, but almost all NF1-affected adults present with cutaneous and/or subcutaneous neurofibromas. Exceptions are individuals heterozygous for the NF1 in-frame deletion, c.2970_2972del (p.Met992del), associated with a mild phenotype without any externally visible tumors.

Methods: A total of 135 individuals from 103 unrelated families, all carrying the constitutional NF1 p.Met992del pathogenic variant and clinically assessed using the same standardized phenotypic checklist form, were included in this study.

Results: None of the individuals had externally visible plexiform or histopathologically confirmed cutaneous or subcutaneous neurofibromas. We did not identify any complications, such as symptomatic optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) or symptomatic spinal neurofibromas; however, 4.8% of individuals had nonoptic brain tumors, mostly low-grade and asymptomatic, and 38.8% had cognitive impairment/learning disabilities. In an individual with the NF1 constitutional c.2970_2972del and three astrocytomas, we provided proof that all were NF1-associated tumors given loss of heterozygosity at three intragenic NF1 microsatellite markers and c.2970_2972del.

Conclusion: We demonstrate that individuals with the NF1 p.Met992del pathogenic variant have a mild NF1 phenotype lacking clinically suspected plexiform, cutaneous, or subcutaneous neurofibromas. However, learning difficulties are clearly part of the phenotypic presentation in these individuals and will require specialized care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-018-0269-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6752285PMC
April 2019

Bone Mineral Status in Children and Adolescents with Klinefelter Syndrome.

Int J Endocrinol 2016 16;2016:3032759. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, 50139 Florence, Italy.

Objective. Klinefelter syndrome (KS) has long-term consequences on bone health. However, studies regarding bone status and metabolism during childhood and adolescence are very rare. Patients. This cross-sectional study involved 40 (mean age: 13.7 ± 3.8 years) KS children and adolescents and 80 age-matched healthy subjects. For both patient and control groups, we evaluated serum levels of ionised and total calcium, phosphate, total testosterone, luteinising hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, osteocalcin, bone alkaline phosphatase, and urinary deoxypyridinoline concentrations. We also calculated the z-scores of the phalangeal amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) and the bone transmission time (BTT). Results. KS children and adolescents showed significantly reduced AD-SoS (p < 0.005) and BTT (p < 0.0005) z-scores compared to the controls. However, KS patients presented significantly higher PTH (p < 0.0001) and significantly lower 25(OH)D (p < 0.0001), osteocalcin (p < 0.05), and bone alkaline phosphatase levels (p < 0.005). Interestingly, these metabolic bone disorders were already present in the prepubertal subjects. Conclusions. KS children and adolescents exhibited impaired bone mineral status and metabolism with higher PTH levels and a significant reduction of 25-OH-D and bone formation markers. Interestingly, this impairment was already evident in prepubertal KS patients. Follow-ups should be scheduled with KS patients to investigate and ameliorate bone mineral status and metabolism until the prepubertal ages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3032759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4927985PMC
July 2016

Triple X syndrome and puberty: focus on the hypothalamus-hypophysis-gonad axis.

Fertil Steril 2016 06 4;105(6):1547-53. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the hypothalamus-hypophysis-gonad axis in a cohort of children and adolescents with nonmosaic triple X syndrome.

Design: Cross-sectional study with retrospective analysis.

Setting: University pediatric hospital.

Patient(s): Fifteen prepubertal subjects (median age 9.0 years, range 6.9-11.9 years) with nonmosaic triple X syndrome and age- and pubertal-matched control group (30 girls, median age 9.1 y, range 6.9-11.6 years).

Intervention(s): None.

Main Outcome Measure(s): We evaluated FSH, LH, and E2 levels and performed an autoimmunity screening as well as a pelvic ultrasonography and an LH-releasing hormone stimulation test.

Result(s): All triple X patients (with and without pubertal signs) showed a pubertal LH peak level that was significantly different from controls. Triple X patients showed increased basal and peak FSH and LH values compared with control subjects. However, the mean E2 level was significantly lower than control subjects. However, triple X patients showed reduced DHEAS levels and reduced inhibin levels compared with control subjects. Finally, triple X patients had a significantly reduced ovarian volume compared with control subjects, in both prepubertal and pubertal patients.

Conclusion(s): Triple X patients showed premature activation of the GnRH pulse generator, even without puberty signs. Both basal and peak LH and FSH levels were higher than in control subjects, and E2 and inhibin levels and ovarian volume were reduced, which led to a reduced gonadal function. Other studies and a longitudinal evaluation is necessary to better understand the endocrinologic features of these subjects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.02.019DOI Listing
June 2016

Next generation sequencing in sporadic retinoblastoma patients reveals somatic mosaicism.

Eur J Hum Genet 2015 Nov 25;23(11):1523-30. Epub 2015 Feb 25.

Medical Genetics, Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Policlinico 'Santa Maria alle Scotte', Siena, Italy.

In about 50% of sporadic cases of retinoblastoma, no constitutive RB1 mutations are detected by conventional methods. However, recent research suggests that, at least in some of these cases, there is somatic mosaicism with respect to RB1 normal and mutant alleles. The increased availability of next generation sequencing improves our ability to detect the exact percentage of patients with mosaicism. Using this technology, we re-tested a series of 40 patients with sporadic retinoblastoma: 10 of them had been previously classified as constitutional heterozygotes, whereas in 30 no RB1 mutations had been found in lymphocytes. In 3 of these 30 patients, we have now identified low-level mosaic variants, varying in frequency between 8 and 24%. In 7 out of the 10 cases previously classified as heterozygous from testing blood cells, we were able to test additional tissues (ocular tissues, urine and/or oral mucosa): in three of them, next generation sequencing has revealed mosaicism. Present results thus confirm that a significant fraction (6/40; 15%) of sporadic retinoblastoma cases are due to postzygotic events and that deep sequencing is an efficient method to unambiguously distinguish mosaics. Re-testing of retinoblastoma patients through next generation sequencing can thus provide new information that may have important implications with respect to genetic counseling and family care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2015.6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4613478PMC
November 2015

Coffin-Siris and Nicolaides-Baraitser syndromes are a common well recognizable cause of intellectual disability.

Brain Dev 2015 May 22;37(5):527-36. Epub 2014 Sep 22.

Medical Genetics, University of Siena, Siena, Italy; Genetica Medica, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese, Siena, Italy.

Background: Nicolaides-Baraitser and Coffin-Siris syndromes are emerging conditions with overlapping clinical features including intellectual disability and typical somatic characteristics, especially sparse hair, low frontal hairline, large mouth with thick and everted lips, and hands and feet anomalies. Since 2012, mutations in genes encoding six proteins of the BAF complex were identified in both conditions.

Methods And Results: We have clinically evaluated a cohort of 1161 patients with intellectual disability from three different Italian centers. A strong clinical suspicion of either Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome or Coffin-Siris syndrome was proposed in 11 cases who were then molecularly confirmed: 8 having de novo missense mutations in SMARCA2, two frame-shift mutations in ARID1B and one missense mutation in SMARCB1. Given the high frequency of the condition we set up a one-step deep sequencing test for all 6 genes of the BAF complex.

Conclusions: These results prove that the frequency of these conditions may be as high as the most common syndromes with intellectual deficit (about 1%). Clinical geneticists should be well aware of this group of disorders in the clinical setting when ascertaining patients with intellectual deficit, the specific facial features being the major diagnostic handle. Finally, this work adds information on the clinical differences of the two conditions and presents a fast and sensitive test for the molecular diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2014.08.009DOI Listing
May 2015

Ambiguous external genitalia due to defect of 5-α-reductase in seven Iraqi patients: prevalence of a novel mutation.

Gene 2013 Sep 8;526(2):490-3. Epub 2013 May 8.

Medical Genetics, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

We report on seven Iraqi patients with 46,XY karyotype and ambiguous genitalia characterized by perineo-scrotal hypospadias, bifid scrotum, clitoris like phallus, palpable testes in inguinal canal and pseudovagina. Patients were raised five as females and two as males. They are all unrelated with the exception of two couples of brothers. The diagnosis of 5-α-reductase-2 deficiency syndrome was first hypothesized on clinical grounds and then confirmed by molecular analysis. Direct sequencing analysis of the SRD5A2 gene revealed in five patients a novel homozygous frame-shift mutation (c.453delC) and in two related patients a previous reported missense mutation. The presence of the same mutation in unrelated patients of the same population suggests a possible founder effect. This report brings the 5-α-reductase-2 deficiency syndrome to the attention of clinical geneticists and child surgeons and discusses the appropriate clinical and surgical strategies for treating these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2013.04.070DOI Listing
September 2013

Advances in Alport syndrome diagnosis using next-generation sequencing.

Eur J Hum Genet 2012 Jan 7;20(1):50-7. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Medical Genetics Section, Biotechnology Department, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Alport syndrome (ATS) is a hereditary nephropathy often associated with sensorineural hypoacusis and ocular abnormalities. Mutations in the COL4A5 gene cause X-linked ATS. Mutations in COL4A4 and COL4A3 genes have been reported in both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant ATS. The conventional mutation screening, performed by DHPLC and/or Sanger sequencing, is time-consuming and has relatively high costs because of the absence of hot spots and to the high number of exons per gene: 51 (COL4A5), 48 (COL4A4) and 52 (COL4A3). Several months are usually necessary to complete the diagnosis, especially in cases with less informative pedigrees. To overcome these limitations, we designed a next-generation sequencing (NGS) protocol enabling simultaneous detection of all possible variants in the three genes. We used a method coupling selective amplification to the 454 Roche DNA sequencing platform (Genome Sequencer junior). The application of this technology allowed us to identify the second mutation in two ATS patients (p.Ser1147Phe in COL4A3 and p.Arg1682Trp in COL4A4) and to reconsider the diagnosis of ATS in a third patient. This study, therefore, illustrates the successful application of NGS to mutation screening of Mendelian disorders with locus heterogeneity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2011.164DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3234521PMC
January 2012
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