Publications by authors named "Larissa A M Paiva Ferreira"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

MHTP, a synthetic alkaloid, attenuates combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome through downregulation of the p38/ERK1/2 MAPK signaling pathway in mice.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Apr 13;96:107590. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Laboratory of Immunopharmacology, Postgraduate Program in Natural and Synthetic Bioactive Products, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil; Department of Physiology and Pathology, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Electronic address:

The combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS) is a chronic airway inflammation of allergic individuals, with a type 2 immune response. Pharmacotherapy is based on drugs with relevant side effects. Thus, the goal of this study was to evaluate the synthetic alkaloid, MHTP in the experimental model of CARAS. Therefore, BALB/c mice were ovalbumin (OVA) -sensitized and -challenged and treated with MHTP by intranasal or oral routes. Treated animals showed a decrease (p < 0.05) of sneezing, nasal rubbings, and histamine nasal hyperactivity. Besides, MHTP presented binding energy and favorable interaction for adequate anchoring in the histamine H1 receptor. MHTP treatment inhibited the eosinophil migration into the nasal (NALF) and the bronchoalveolar (BALF) fluids. Histological analysis showed that the alkaloid decreased the inflammatory cells in the subepithelial and perivascular regions of nasal tissue and in the peribronchiolar and perivascular regions of lung tissue. The MHTP treatment also reduced the pulmonary hyperactivity by decreasing the smooth muscle layer hypertrophy and the collagen fiber deposition in the extracellular matrix. The immunomodulatory effect of the alkaloid was due to the decrease of cytokines like IL-5 and IL-17A (type 2 and 3), TSLP (epithelial), and the immunoregulatory cytokine, TGF-β. These MHTP effects on granulocytes were dependent on the p38/ERK1/2 MAP kinase signaling pathway axis. Indeed, the synthetic alkaloid reduced the frequency of activation of both kinases independent of the NF-κB (p65) pathway indicating that the molecule shut down the intracellular transduction signals underlie the cytokine gene transcription.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107590DOI Listing
April 2021

Warifteine and methylwarifteine inhibited the type 2 immune response on combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS) experimental model through NF-кB pathway.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Aug 22;85:106616. Epub 2020 May 22.

Laboratório de Imunofarmacologia, Programa de Pós-graduação em Produtos Naturais e Sintéticos Bioativos, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Electronic address:

CARAS is an airway inflammation of allergic individuals, with a type 2 immune response. The pharmacotherapy is based on drugs with relevant side effects. Thus, the goal of this study evaluated the alkaloids warifteine (War) and methylwarifteine (Mwar) from Cissampelos sympodialis in CARAS experimental model. Therefore, BALB/c mice were ovalbumin (OVA) sensitized and challenged and treated with both alkaloids. Treated animals showed a decrease (p < 0.05) of allergic signs as sneezing and nasal rubbings, histamine nasal hyperreactivity, and inflammatory cell migration into the nasal (NALF) and the bronchoalveolar (BALF) fluids, main eosinophils. In the systemic context, only Mwar reduced eosinophilia, however, both alkaloids reduced the serum levels of OVA-specific IgE. Histological analysis revealed that the alkaloids decreased the inflammatory cells into the subepithelial and perivascular regions of nasal tissue and the peribronchiolar and perivascular regions of lung tissue. Hyperplasia/hypertrophy of nasal and lung goblet cells were reduced in alkaloid treated animals; however, the treatment did not change the number of mast cells. The lung hyperactivity was attenuated by reducing hyperplasia of fibroblast and collagen fiber deposition and hypertrophy of the lung smooth muscle layer. The immunomodulatory effect was by decreasing of type 2 and 3 cytokines (IL-4/IL-13/IL-5 and IL-17A) dependent by the increasing of type 1 cytokine (IFN-γ) into the BALF of treated sick animals. Indeed, both alkaloids reduced the NF-кB (p65) activation on granulocytes and lymphocytes, indicating that the alkaloids shut down the intracellular transduction signals underlie the transcription of T2 cytokine gens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106616DOI Listing
August 2020

Combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS).

Int Immunopharmacol 2019 Sep 27;74:105718. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Physiology and Pathology, Graduate Program in Natural and Synthetic Bioactive Products, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil; Department of Physiology and Pathology, Graduate Program in Development and Technological Innovation of Medicines, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. Electronic address:

Combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS) is a concept of "one airway - one disease" or "unified airway disease ". The upper and lower airway inflammation characterizes allergic rhinitis and asthma, respectively and both diseases have shown an intimate connection in their genesis, coexistence and similarities as triggered by the same etiological agents; the same inflammatory cell profile and share therapeutic treatment. This review highlights the concept of CARAS by its phenotype, endotype and biomarker classification. Indeed, rhinitis is divided into four major phenotypes: allergic rhinitis; infectious rhinitis; non-infective/non-allergic rhinitis and mixed rhinitis. On the other hand, asthma has no common consensus yet; however, the most accepted classification is based on the stage of life (early- or late- onset asthma) in which the clinical symptoms are presented. Experimental researches where animals develop a syndrome similar to CARAS have been contributed to better understand the pathogenesis of the syndrome. Therefore, the aim of this review is to clarify current terms related to CARAS as definition, phenotypes, endotypes/biomarkers, physiopathology and treatments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2019.105718DOI Listing
September 2019

MHTP, 2-Methoxy-4-(7-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-1-yl) phenol, a Synthetic Alkaloid, Induces IFN-γ Production in Murine Model of Ovalbumin-Induced Pulmonary Allergic Inflammation.

Inflammation 2018 Dec;41(6):2116-2128

Department of Physiology and Pathology, Postgraduate Program in Natural and Synthetic Bioactive Products, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil.

MHTP [2-methoxy-4-(7-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-1-yl) phenol], a synthetic isoquinolinic alkaloid, presented anti-inflammatory activity in several experimental models of acute inflammation as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury and phlogistic agent-induced edema and presented low preclinical toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine the MHTP effect on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced pulmonary allergic inflammation. In other to realize this study, female BALFB/c mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA (OVA group) and treated with MHTP (MHTP group) by nasal instillation. Inflammatory, allergic, and immunomodulatory parameters such as migration of inflammatory cells to the lung tissue, pulmonary histological analysis, serum level of IgE-allergen specific, cytokine secretion, and lung T cell population characterization were analyzed and the data were considered statistically significant with p < 0.05. OVA-sensitized and OVA-challenged and MHTP (5.0 mg/kg)-treated mice presented reduction on total leukocyte migration into the bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) dependent of lymphocyte and eosinophil migration (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01) as compared with the OVA group. Flow cytometric analysis showed that MHTP treatment decreased the percentage of granulocytes (p < 0.001) into the BALF and lung tissue histological analyzes demonstrated that the MHTP treatment decreased leukocyte migration and mucus production. In addition, treatment with MHTP decreased the number of CD3CD4 T cells independently of CD8 T cell reduction into the BALF. The treatment also reduced significantly (p < 0.05) the serum level of IgE-OVA specific followed by reduction of IL-4, IL-13, and IL-17 production. Surprisingly, the MHTP treatment increased significantly (p < 0.05) the IFN-γ production in the BALF of these animals. Therefore, the results presented here showed that MHTP treatment, by nasal instillation, in a mouse model of OVA-induced pulmonary allergy has anti-allergic and immunomodulatory effects dependent on a Th1-skewed cytokine production that ameliorate the pulmonary allergic inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10753-018-0855-yDOI Listing
December 2018