Publications by authors named "Lancelot Tremeau"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Management of residual masses of testis germ cell tumors].

Bull Cancer 2020 Feb 24;107(2):215-223. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

HĂ´pital Nord, service d'urologie, avenue Albert-Raimond, 42270 Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France.

A residual mass (RM) is an abnormal image with a transverse axis of more than 1cm trans that remains visible on the CT scan performed after chemotherapy for metastatic germ cell tumors. Their management depends on the histology of the initial tumor. In the case of a non-seminomatous germ cell tumor, all residual lesions must be resected if the tumor markers are negative. The surgery usually begins with a retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. This lymphadenectomy is a programed regional surgery and not the only resection of visible masses. All RM must be resected, regardless of their location, and may require successive actions. In order to limit its morbidity, modifications on the extent of the lymphadenectomy and the use of minimally invasive approaches are proposed by some center. When the initial tumor is a pure seminoma the attitude is different: the decay of the masses in post chemotherapy is often postponed. If lesions less than 3cm can be monitored, the others benefit from 18FDG PET at the end of chemotherapy: a positive attachment to PET is suspected of the presence of residual active tissue. The surgery of these RM is curative. If its extent is precise in the case of non-seminomatous tumor, it is more controversial in the case of seminoma. In the case of residual markers, surgery has a place in very specific situations.
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February 2020

Current management of stage I testicular germ cell tumors in a French cancer institute. A practice analysis over the 10 past years.

Bull Cancer 2019 Dec 30;106(12):1086-1093. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Institut de cancérologie Lucien-Newirth, Department of Medical Oncology, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France.

Background: Testicular Germ Cell Tumors (TGCTs) represent the most frequent malignant tumour among young male adults. Orchiectomy alone cure 80% of stage I. Standard options after orchiectomy include radiotherapy (RT), chemotherapy (CT) by 1 cycle of carboplatin AUC 7 or active surveillance (SV) for seminomatous GCTs (SGCT) and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy (RPLND), CT by 1 or 2 cycles of Bleomycine Etoposide Cisplatine (BEP) or active surveillance for nonseminomatous GCTs (NSGCT). Adjuvant treatments decrease the relapse rate after orchiectomy with substantial toxicities without any benefit on overall survival. Recent guidelines accorded utmost importance on SV rather than adjuvants strategies. The main objective of this study was to describe our current practice over the 10 past years in regard of these recommendations.

Methods: Data of 50 patients with stage I GCT treated in our institute were collected between 2006 and 2016. Demographic and anatomopathologic data were reported. Clinical practice in our center was analyzed during two periods [2006-2011] and [2012-2016] according to the European Association of Urology Guidelines in 2011.

Results: Patient's median age was 35.3 years. The analysis of clinical practice during the last 10 years showed that in SGCT, main treatment was RT than SV and CT. This option declined over the years (89% between 2006-2010 versus 53% between 2011-2016) whereas SV was more often employed (27% between 2011-2016 versus none between 2006-2010). Surveillance was used for 64% of NSGCT.

Conclusions: In our center, RT was less used over the years for the benefit of SV which is recommended by guidelines.
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December 2019