Publications by authors named "Lance Shamoun"

2 Publications

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Preliminary study on the effects of treatment for breast cancer: immunological markers as they relate to quality of life and neuropsychological performance.

BMC Womens Health 2020 05 20;20(1):109. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Background: Immunological biomarkers were related to quality of life and neuropsychological performance in women recently diagnosed with breast cancer through the first six months of treatment. A comparison group of breast cancer survivors in remission were also evaluated.

Method: Twenty women newly diagnosed with breast cancer and 26 breast cancer survivors at least a year after treatment were evaluated four times over a course of six to 8 months. The assessments included quality-of-life, emotional and spiritual well-being, sleep quality, computerized neuropsychological performance, and cytokine immunology biomarkers using flow cytometry. The principal immunological markers examined were the CD4+, CD8+, and CD16+ counts.

Results: Although equivalent at enrollment, active treatment women reported higher anxiety, depression, poorer quality-of-life, and poorer processing speed and accuracy on memory, logical processes, and coding neuropsychological tasks. They also had significantly higher CD8+ and CD16+ cell count levels during treatment over the next six to eight months than comparison group women in remission. Women undergoing chemotherapy as well during treatment phase also had a significant decline in CD4+ counts. Higher percent CD8+ levels during treatment was associated with poorer quality of life and more depression, while higher CD4+ and CD8+ were associated with poorer neuropsychological memory and processing speed performance.

Conclusion: Significant increases in CD8+ is a sensitive biomarker of a broad range of poorer quality-of-life and neurocognitive functioning outcomes during breast cancer treatment, especially in women undergoing chemotherapy. Quality of life should be monitored in breast cancer patients and psychosocial support made available as a standard of care.
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May 2020

Do Solvated Electrons (e(aq)⁻) Reduce DNA Bases? A Gaussian 4 and Density Functional Theory-Molecular Dynamics Study.

J Phys Chem B 2016 Mar 23;120(9):2115-23. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

Department of Chemistry, Oakland University , Rochester, Michigan 48309, United States.

The solvated electron (e(aq)⁻) is a primary intermediate after an ionization event that produces reductive DNA damage. Accurate standard redox potentials (E(o)) of nucleobases and of e(aq)⁻ determine the extent of reaction of e(aq)⁻ with nucleobases. In this work, E(o) values of e(aq)⁻ and of nucleobases have been calculated employing the accurate ab initio Gaussian 4 theory including the polarizable continuum model (PCM). The Gaussian 4-calculated E(o) of e(aq)⁻ (-2.86 V) is in excellent agreement with the experimental one (-2.87 V). The Gaussian 4-calculated E(o) of nucleobases in dimethylformamide (DMF) lie in the range (-2.36 V to -2.86 V); they are in reasonable agreement with the experimental E(o) in DMF and have a mean unsigned error (MUE) = 0.22 V. However, inclusion of specific water molecules reduces this error significantly (MUE = 0.07). With the use of a model of e(aq)⁻ nucleobase complex with six water molecules, the reaction of e(aq)⁻ with the adjacent nucleobase is investigated using approximate ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) simulations including PCM. Our MD simulations show that e(aq)⁻ transfers to uracil, thymine, cytosine, and adenine, within 10 to 120 fs and e(aq)⁻ reacts with guanine only when a water molecule forms a hydrogen bond to O6 of guanine which stabilizes the anion radical.
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March 2016