Publications by authors named "Lan-Ting Tao"

5 Publications

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Recovery of a patient with severe COVID-19 by acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine adjuvant to standard care.

J Integr Med 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Second Clinical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address:

There is currently no drug or therapy that can cure the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is highly contagious and can be life-threatening in severe cases. Therefore, seeking potential effective therapies is an urgent task. An older female at the Leishenshan Hospital in Wuhan, China, with a severe case of COVID-19 with significant shortness of breath and decrease in peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO), was treated using manual acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine granule formula Fuzheng Rescue Lung with Xuebijing Injection in addition to standard care. The patient's breath rate, SpO, heart rate, ratio of neutrophil/lymphocyte (NLR), ratio of monocyte/lymphocyte (MLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and chest computed tomography were monitored. Acupuncture significantly improved the patient's breathing function, increased SpO, and decreased her heart rate. Chinese herbal medicine might make the effect of acupuncture more stable; the use of herbal medicine also seemed to accelerate the absorption of lung infection lesions when its dosage was increased. The combination of acupuncture and herbs decreased NLR from 14.14 to 5.83, MLR from 1.15 to 0.33 and CRP from 15.25 to 6.01 mg/L. These results indicate that acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, as adjuvants to standard care, might achieve better results in treating severe cases of COVID-19.
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June 2021

Cordycepin Reverses Cisplatin Resistance in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer by Activating AMPK and Inhibiting AKT Signaling Pathway.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2020 15;8:609285. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Cisplatin (DDP) is the first-line chemotherapeutic agent against lung cancer. However, the therapeutic effect of DDP loses over time due to the acquired drug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. In recent years, the role of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cordycepin (Cor) in cancer treatment has been attracting attention. However, the effects of Cor on DDP resistance in NSCLC are unclear. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of Cor in combination with DDP on cell proliferation and apoptosis in NSCLC and explore possible underlying mechanisms. The cell proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed in NSCLC parental (A549) and DDP-resistant (A549DDP) cells treated with DDP alone or in combination with Cor both and . Different genes and signaling pathways were investigated between DDP-sensitive and DDP-resistant A549 cells by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. The perturbations of the MAPK and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways were evaluated by Western blot analysis. Our data showed that Cor markedly enhanced DDP inhibition on cell proliferation and promotion of apoptosis compared to the DDP-alone group in both A549 and A549DDP cells. The synergic actions were associated with activation of AMPK; inhibition of AKT, mTOR, and downstream P709S6K; and S6 phosphorylation in the AKT pathway compared with DDP alone. Collectively, combination of Cor and DDP has a synergistic effect in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of NSCLC cells in the presence or absence of DDP resistance. The antitumor activity is associated with activation of AMPK and inhibition of the AKT pathway to enhance DDP inhibition on NSCLC. Our results suggested that Cor in combination with DDP could be an additional therapeutic option for the treatment of DDP-resistant NSCLC.
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January 2021

Case of professor Xu ZOU's acupuncture technique for "benefiting kidney and strengthening anti-pathogenic " in promoting the absorption of COVID-19.

World J Acupunct Moxibustion 2020 Oct 23;30(3):167-170. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Second Clinical School, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510405, China (, 510405, ).

A case of the absorption of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) promoted by professor Xu ZOU's acupuncture technique for "benefiting kidney and strengthening anti-pathogenic " is introduced. A female patient suffered from COVID-19, 64 years old, had been treated with acupuncture and Chinese herb granules for 10 days on the base of the oral administration of moxifloxacin. In the re-examination, the chest CT image indicated that the absorption of COVID-19 was obvious as compared with before, the nucleic acid test of novel corona virus was negative and the patient narrated no obvious discomfort. Acupuncture therapy plays its active adjuvant effect in the whole process of the treatment of COVID-19.
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October 2020

Matrine induces apoptosis in multiple colorectal cancer cell lines in vitro and inhibits tumour growth with minimum side effects in vivo via Bcl-2 and caspase-3.

Phytomedicine 2018 Dec 6;51:214-225. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that colorectal cancer (CRC) was the third most common cancer in men and the second in women, worldwide. Our previous meta-analysis found Sophora flavescens increased tumour response rate in randomised controlled trials of CRC. We hypothesised that its principal constituent matrine had exerted anti-tumour effects.

Purpose: To elucidate its mechanisms of action we investigated the dose-related anti-tumour effects of matrine on four human CRC cell-lines: LS174T, Caco-2, SW1116 and RKO. In a LS174T xenografted tumour model in nude mice we assessed the effects of matrine and oxaliplatin on tumour volume, weight and morphology. Computer simulated dockings for target proteins were also conducted.

Methods And Design: Cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis were measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry, and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining assay respectively. Western blot was performed to examine the expression of Bax, Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in the cells. The xenograft model and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the effect of matrine in vivo. Oxaliplatin was set as positive control. Molecular docking was performed to predict the binding modes of matrine and oxaliplatin with target proteins using CDOCKER algorithm.

Results: Matrine inhibited proliferation of cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Matrine induced cell-cycle arrest at G1/G0 phase, induced apoptosis and reduced expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 while up-regulating Bax and cleaved caspase-3 in the four CRC cells. In vivo, matrine significantly inhibited tumour growth without side effects on physical health compared to the negative (vehicle) control group. Mice in the oxaliplatin group lost vigour, became frail and lost weight. Expression of Bcl-2 in tumour tissue was lower and Bax expression was higher in the matrine-treated groups compared to the negative control. In computer-simulated docking, matrine successfully docked into active sites of Bcl-2 and caspase-3.

Conclusion: Matrine inhibited growth of colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. A molecular mechanism was apoptosis induction via effects on Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3. Moreover, matrine showed minimum side effects and may provide a candidate for the development of new therapies for colorectal cancer.
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December 2018

Matrine combined with cisplatin synergistically inhibited urothelial bladder cancer cells via down-regulating VEGF/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Cancer Cell Int 2017 28;17:124. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080 People's Republic of China.

Background: Cisplatin is one of the first-line drugs for urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) treatment. However, its considerable side effects and the emergence of drug resistance are becoming major limitations for its application. This study aimed to investigate whether matrine and cisplatin could present a synergistic anti-tumor effect on UBC cells.

Methods: Cell viability assay was used to assess the suppressive effect of matrine and cisplatin on the proliferation of the UBC cells. Wound healing assay and transwell assay were applied respectively to determine the migration and invasion ability of the cells. The distribution of cell cycles, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the apoptosis rate were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The expressions of the relative proteins in apoptotic signal pathways and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related genes were surveyed by western blotting. The binding modes of the drugs within the proteins were detected by CDOCKER module in DS 2.5.

Results: Both matrine and cisplatin could inhibit the growth of the UBC cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. When matrine combined with cisplatin at the ratio of 2000:1, they presented a synergistic inhibitory effect on the UBC cells. The combinative treatment could impair cell migration and invasion ability, arrest cell cycle in the G1 and S phases, increase the level of ROS, and induce apoptosis in EJ and T24 cells in a synergistic way. In all the treated groups, the expressions of E-cadherin, β-catenin, Bax, and Cleaved Caspase-3 were up-regulated, while the expressions of Fibronectin, Vimentin, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, p-Akt, p-PI3K, VEGFR2, and VEGF proteins were down-regulated, and among them, the combination of matrine and cisplatin showed the most significant difference. Molecular docking algorithms predicted that matrine and cisplatin could be docked into the same active sites and interact with different residues within the tested proteins.

Conclusions: Our results suggested that the combination of matrine and cisplatin could synergistically inhibit the UBC cells' proliferation through down-regulating VEGF/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, indicating that matrine may serve as a new option in the combinative therapy in the treatment of UBC.
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December 2017