Publications by authors named "Lamiye Yıldız"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Apelin-13 activates the hippocampal BDNF/TrkB signaling pathway and suppresses neuroinflammation in male rats with cisplatin-induced cognitive dysfunction.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Jun 15;408:113290. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Rize, Turkey. Electronic address:

It has been established that cisplatin causes neuronal damage and cognitive impairment. However, the mechanism is not sufficiently clear. Apelin-13 is an endogenous peptide with strong neuroprotective effects through the synthesis of neurotrophic factors and suppression of inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor/tropomyosin receptor kinase B (BDNF/TrkB) signaling pathway and the potential inhibitory effects of apelin-13 in the mechanism of cisplatin-induced hippocampal damage and cognitive impairment. Apelin-13 was administered to adult sprague dawley male rats at a dose of 20 nmol/kg every day for 4 weeks, cisplatin was administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg once a week for 4 weeks. The spatial and recognition memory tests of the rats were performed on the 5th week. BDNF and the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) levels were measured by ELISA in hippocampal homogenates. Pyramidal neuron and glial cell damage in the hippocampal CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) were analyzed histologically. TrkB activity in the hippocampus was determined by immunohistochemical methods. Cisplatin impaired spatial and recognition memory in rats, while apelin-13 improved spatial memory but did not affect recognition memory. Cisplatin suppressed BDNF in the hippocampus while increased IL-1β and TNF-α. In contrast, apelin-13 administration increased BDNF but significantly suppressed TNF-α and IL-1B. Cisplatin caused pyramidal neuron and glial cell damage in CA1, CA3 and DG. In the cisplatin + apelin-13 group, however, pyramidal neuron and glial cell damage was less than those without apelin-13. Cisplatin increased TrkB activity in the hippocampus, which was counteracted by apelin-13. In conclusion, apelin-13 reduced the cisplatin-induced cognitive deficiency, by suppressing inflammation and stimulating the synthesis and activation of neurotrophic factors in hippocampal tissue.
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June 2021

The effect of white tea on serum TNF-α/NF-κB and immunohistochemical parameters in cisplatin-related renal dysfunction in female rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Apr 22;112:108604. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Objective: Nephrotoxicity is the most important side effect of the antineoplastic drug cisplatin, thereby restricting its use. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of white tea infusions (WT) against renal damage induced by cisplatin (CP) in rats by biochemical and histopathological means.

Materials And Methods: This study used 24 female Sprague Dawley rats at 12-14 weeks of age and weighing 250-300 g. Rats were divided into three groups: Control, CP and CP + WT groups. CP was injected 7 mg/kg i.p as a single dose/rat in the CP group. White tea was given at a dose of 0.5% (w/v) for 4 weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, uric acid, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) along with caspase-3 in the kidney were evaluated in study.

Results: BUN, creatinine, TNF-α, NF-κB and IL-6 levels of the CP group showed a statisically significant increase in comparison to the control group. TNF-α, NF-κB and IL-6 levels showed a statistically significant decrease in the CP + WT group with respect to the CP group. Caspase-3 levels in tubular epithelial cells decreased in CP + WT group compared with CP group (p = 0.02).

Conclusion: White tea infusions reduced significantly the nephrotoxicity of CP. The anti-nephrotoxic feature of the infusion may be attributed primarily to its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic characteristics.
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April 2019