Publications by authors named "Lakshman Kalasapudi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Dynamic Intracranial Pressure Waveform Morphology Predicts Ventriculitis.

Neurocrit Care 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Neurology, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, 177 Fort Washington Ave, 8 Milstein - 300 Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Intracranial pressure waveform morphology reflects compliance, which can be decreased by ventriculitis. We investigated whether morphologic analysis of intracranial pressure dynamics predicts the onset of ventriculitis.

Methods: Ventriculitis was defined as culture or Gram stain positive cerebrospinal fluid, warranting treatment. We developed a pipeline to automatically isolate segments of intracranial pressure waveforms from extraventricular catheters, extract dominant pulses, and obtain morphologically similar groupings. We used a previously validated clinician-supervised active learning paradigm to identify metaclusters of triphasic, single-peak, or artifactual peaks. Metacluster distributions were concatenated with temperature and routine blood laboratory values to create feature vectors. A L2-regularized logistic regression classifier was trained to distinguish patients with ventriculitis from matched controls, and the discriminative performance using area under receiver operating characteristic curve with bootstrapping cross-validation was reported.

Results: Fifty-eight patients were included for analysis. Twenty-seven patients with ventriculitis from two centers were identified. Thirty-one patients with catheters but without ventriculitis were selected as matched controls based on age, sex, and primary diagnosis. There were 1590 h of segmented data, including 396,130 dominant pulses in patients with ventriculitis and 557,435 pulses in patients without ventriculitis. There were significant differences in metacluster distribution comparing before culture-positivity versus during culture-positivity (p < 0.001) and after culture-positivity (p < 0.001). The classifier demonstrated good discrimination with median area under receiver operating characteristic 0.70 (interquartile range 0.55-0.80). There were 1.5 true alerts (ventriculitis detected) for every false alert.

Conclusions: Intracranial pressure waveform morphology analysis can classify ventriculitis without cerebrospinal fluid sampling.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-021-01303-3DOI Listing
July 2021

Loneliness and mental health outcomes among South Asian older adult immigrants in the United States: a cross-sectional study.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2021 09 3;36(9):1423-1435. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pharmacy Administration and Public Health, St. John's University, New York, USA.

Background: There is growing concern of mental health issues among South Asian immigrant populations, although limited disaggregated data on determinants of these issues exists. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with mental health outcomes among South Asian older adult immigrants living in New York City (NYC).

Methods: Data were sourced from a needs assessment among self-identified South Asians aged 60+ conducted by an NYC-based frontline agency and nonprofit organization. Variables assessed included the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, degree of difficulty experienced due to depression, loneliness, emotional distress, as well as sociodemographic, living situation, acculturation, general health, and financial related indicators.

Results: Among the 682 responses, 9.4% of participants displayed symptoms of mild or moderate depression (16% of Caribbean-origin, 10% of Pakistani, 9% of Bangladeshi, and 8% of Indian participants). About a third of participants (29.9%) reported feeling lonely sometimes and 39.1% experienced any type of emotional distress. When compared to those with excellent or very good self-rated health, having fair, poor, or terrible self-rated health was associated with a greater adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of having mild or moderate depression (AOR: 8.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 22.09) and experiencing emotional distress (AOR: 3.03, 95% CI: 1.88-4.94). Those experiencing emotional distress were more likely to be younger (AOR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.95-1.00) and live alone (AOR: 2.06, 95% CI: 1.21-3.53).

Discussion: Findings support the need for tailored mental health interventions targeting concerns, such as poor self-rated health, among South Asian older adult immigrants, as well as specific subpopulations such as Indo-Caribbeans who may be experiencing a disproportionate burden.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5549DOI Listing
September 2021

Risk Factors for Hypoglycemia with the Use of Enteral Glyburide in Neurocritical Care Patients.

World Neurosurg 2021 03 27;147:e63-e68. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Intravenous glyburide has demonstrated safety when used for attenuation of cerebral edema, although safety data are lacking for enteral glyburide when used for this indication. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for hypoglycemia in neurocritical care patients receiving enteral glyburide.

Methods: We performed a retrospective case-control chart review (hypoglycemia vs. no hypoglycemia) of adult patients who received enteral glyburide for prevention or treatment of cerebral or spinal cord edema. Hypoglycemia was defined as a blood glucose <55.8 mg/dL. Descriptive statistics were used, with multivariate analysis to measure the association of risk factors and outcomes. Logistic regression was applied to outcomes with an exposure. Potential confounders were evaluated using the t-test or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables, and the χ test or the Fisher exact test for categorical variables.

Results: Seventy-one patients (60.6% men, median age 60 years) were included. The majority received 2.5 mg of enteral glyburide twice daily. Diagnoses included tumors (35.2%), intracerebral hemorrhage (28.2%), postspinal surgery (12.7%), and ischemic stroke (12.7%). Hypoglycemia occurred in 17 (23.9%) patients. Multivariate analysis identified admission serum creatinine (odds ratio, 27.2; [1.661, 445.3]; P < 0.05) as a risk factor for hypoglycemia, whereas body mass index >30 (odds ratio, 0.085; [0.008, 0.921]; P < 0.05) was protective.

Conclusions: Hypoglycemic episodes are common following enteral glyburide in neurocritical care patients. Both patients with and without diabetes mellitus are at risk of hypoglycemia. Elevated admission serum creatinine may increase the risk of hypoglycemia when utilizing glyburide for prevention or treatment of cerebral or spinal cord edema.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.11.107DOI Listing
March 2021
-->