Publications by authors named "L S Songachan"

2 Publications

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Genome-wide association mapping reveals key genomic regions for physiological and yield-related traits under salinity stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).

Genomics 2021 Sep 19;113(5):3198-3215. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110012, India.

A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted using six different multi-locus GWAS models and 35K SNP array to demarcate genomic regions underlying reproductive stage salinity tolerance. Marker-trait association analysis was performed for salt tolerance indices (STI) of 11 morpho-physiological traits, and the actual concentrations of Na and K, and the Na/K ratio in flag leaf. A total of 293 significantly associated quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) for 14 morpho-physiological traits were identified. Of these 293 QTNs, 12 major QTNs with R ≥ 10.0% were detected in three or more GWAS models. Novel major QTNs were identified for plant height, number of effective tillers, biomass, grain yield, thousand grain weight, Na and K content, and the Na/K ratio in flag leaf. Moreover, 48 candidate genes were identified from the associated genomic regions. The QTNs identified in this study could potentially be targeted for improving salinity tolerance in wheat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.07.014DOI Listing
September 2021

Multi-locus genome-wide association studies reveal novel genomic regions associated with vegetative stage salt tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).

Genomics 2020 11 7;112(6):4608-4621. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi 110012, India.

Soil salinity is one of the typical abiotic stresses affecting sustainability of wheat production worldwide. In the present study, we performed a 35 K SNP genotyping assay on association panel of 135 diverse wheat genotypes evaluated for vegetative stage tolerance in hydroponics. Association analyses using five multi-locus GWAS models revealed 42 reliable QTNs for 10 salt tolerance associated traits. Among these 42 reliable QTNs, 9, 17 and 16 QTNs were associated with physiological, biomass and shoot ionic traits respectively. Novel major QTNs were identified for chlorophyll content, shoot fresh weight, seedling total biomass, Na and K concentration and Na/K ratio in shoots. Further, 10 major QTNs showed significant effect on the corresponding salt tolerance traits. Gene ontology analysis of the associated genomic regions identified 58 candidate genes. The information generated in this study will be of potential value for improvement of salt tolerance of wheat cultivars using marker assisted selection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2020.08.006DOI Listing
November 2020
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