Publications by authors named "L Rodriguez Lorenzo"

254 Publications

Autoantibodies neutralizing type I IFNs are present in 4% of uninfected individuals over 70 years old and account for 20% of COVID-19 deaths.

Sci Immunol 2021 08;6(62)

Joint Research Unit, Hospices Civils de Lyon-bio Mérieux, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon Sud Hospital, Pierre-Bénite, France; International Center of Research in Infectiology, Lyon University, INSERM U1111, CNRS UMR 5308, ENS, UCBL, Lyon, France.

Circulating autoantibodies (auto-Abs) neutralizing high concentrations (10 ng/mL, in plasma diluted 1 to 10) of IFN-α and/or -ω are found in about 10% of patients with critical COVID-19 pneumonia, but not in subjects with asymptomatic infections. We detect auto-Abs neutralizing 100-fold lower, more physiological, concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω (100 pg/mL, in 1/10 dilutions of plasma) in 13.6% of 3,595 patients with critical COVID-19, including 21% of 374 patients > 80 years, and 6.5% of 522 patients with severe COVID-19. These antibodies are also detected in 18% of the 1,124 deceased patients (aged 20 days-99 years; mean: 70 years). Moreover, another 1.3% of patients with critical COVID-19 and 0.9% of the deceased patients have auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-β. We also show, in a sample of 34,159 uninfected subjects from the general population, that auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω are present in 0.18% of individuals between 18 and 69 years, 1.1% between 70 and 79 years, and 3.4% >80 years. Moreover, the proportion of subjects carrying auto-Abs neutralizing lower concentrations is greater in a subsample of 10,778 uninfected individuals: 1% of individuals <70 years, 2.3% between 70 and 80 years, and 6.3% >80 years. By contrast, auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-β do not become more frequent with age. Auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs predate SARS-CoV-2 infection and sharply increase in prevalence after the age of 70 years. They account for about 20% of both critical COVID-19 cases in the over-80s, and total fatal COVID-19 cases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.abl4340DOI Listing
August 2021

Humans with inherited T cell CD28 deficiency are susceptible to skin papillomaviruses but are otherwise healthy.

Cell 2021 Jul 1;184(14):3812-3828.e30. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, 054 Zahedan, Iran.

We study a patient with the human papilloma virus (HPV)-2-driven "tree-man" phenotype and two relatives with unusually severe HPV4-driven warts. The giant horns form an HPV-2-driven multifocal benign epithelial tumor overexpressing viral oncogenes in the epidermis basal layer. The patients are unexpectedly homozygous for a private CD28 variant. They have no detectable CD28 on their T cells, with the exception of a small contingent of revertant memory CD4 T cells. T cell development is barely affected, and T cells respond to CD3 and CD2, but not CD28, costimulation. Although the patients do not display HPV-2- and HPV-4-reactive CD4 T cells in vitro, they make antibodies specific for both viruses in vivo. CD28-deficient mice are susceptible to cutaneous infections with the mouse papillomavirus MmuPV1. The control of HPV-2 and HPV-4 in keratinocytes is dependent on the T cell CD28 co-activation pathway. Surprisingly, human CD28-dependent T cell responses are largely redundant for protective immunity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2021.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8329841PMC
July 2021

A computational approach for detecting physiological homogeneity in the midst of genetic heterogeneity.

Am J Hum Genet 2021 06 19;108(6):1012-1025. Epub 2021 May 19.

St. Giles Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, Rockefeller Branch, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA; The Charles Bronfman Institute for Personalized Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA.

The human genetic dissection of clinical phenotypes is complicated by genetic heterogeneity. Gene burden approaches that detect genetic signals in case-control studies are underpowered in genetically heterogeneous cohorts. We therefore developed a genome-wide computational method, network-based heterogeneity clustering (NHC), to detect physiological homogeneity in the midst of genetic heterogeneity. Simulation studies showed our method to be capable of systematically converging genes in biological proximity on the background biological interaction network, and capturing gene clusters harboring presumably deleterious variants, in an efficient and unbiased manner. We applied NHC to whole-exome sequencing data from a cohort of 122 individuals with herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE), including 13 individuals with previously published monogenic inborn errors of TLR3-dependent IFN-α/β immunity. The top gene cluster identified by our approach successfully detected and prioritized all causal variants of five TLR3 pathway genes in the 13 previously reported individuals. This approach also suggested candidate variants of three reported genes and four candidate genes from the same pathway in another ten previously unstudied individuals. TLR3 responsiveness was impaired in dermal fibroblasts from four of the five individuals tested, suggesting that the variants detected were causal for HSE. NHC is, therefore, an effective and unbiased approach for unraveling genetic heterogeneity by detecting physiological homogeneity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2021.04.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8206396PMC
June 2021

[Experimental measurement of the real reduction (PAR) of seven ear plugs].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2020 12;42(4):231-237

Dipartimento Interdisciplinare di Medicina - Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro".

Summary: The study aimed to evaluate, through the use of the EA-RfitTM Validation System, the real reduction (PAR) for the right ear (AuD), for the left ear (AuS) and biaural reduction related to each of the seven earplugs currently produced by 3M. In addition, we wanted to verify any difference between the aforementioned PARs in consideration of the tendency to predominantly use the right hand (right-handed) or the left hand (left-handed) and in relation to gender. Finally, for each insert and for each subject, an audiometric examination was conducted with the insert worn, to compare the average PAR value obtained by the EA-RfitTM system for each of the seven inserts and for all selected subjects, with the determined abatement curve through the audiometric measurement of the hearing threshold with the insert worn. The use of the E-ARfitTM system for the choice of the ear insert leads to important advantages in the protection of all workers. Moldable acoustic PPE generally proved to be more efficient than non-moldable, so much so that the higher SNRs (provided by the manufacturer), especially when referring to non-moldable inserts, were found to be misleading as to the real personal abatement capacity of the inserts. The average audiometric curves, obtained with the different inserts worn, confirmed that all of them guarantee a higher reduction for high frequencies than for "social" ones.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2020

Auto-antibodies to type I IFNs can underlie adverse reactions to yellow fever live attenuated vaccine.

J Exp Med 2021 04;218(4)

Laboratory of Immunology, University of Paris, Cochin Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Yellow fever virus (YFV) live attenuated vaccine can, in rare cases, cause life-threatening disease, typically in patients with no previous history of severe viral illness. Autosomal recessive (AR) complete IFNAR1 deficiency was reported in one 12-yr-old patient. Here, we studied seven other previously healthy patients aged 13 to 80 yr with unexplained life-threatening YFV vaccine-associated disease. One 13-yr-old patient had AR complete IFNAR2 deficiency. Three other patients vaccinated at the ages of 47, 57, and 64 yr had high titers of circulating auto-Abs against at least 14 of the 17 individual type I IFNs. These antibodies were recently shown to underlie at least 10% of cases of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia. The auto-Abs were neutralizing in vitro, blocking the protective effect of IFN-α2 against YFV vaccine strains. AR IFNAR1 or IFNAR2 deficiency and neutralizing auto-Abs against type I IFNs thus accounted for more than half the cases of life-threatening YFV vaccine-associated disease studied here. Previously healthy subjects could be tested for both predispositions before anti-YFV vaccination.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20202486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7871457PMC
April 2021
-->