Publications by authors named "L Hellmeyer"

51 Publications

Cervical ripening after cesarean section: a prospective dual center study comparing a mechanical osmotic dilator vs. prostaglandin E2.

J Perinat Med 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain, Affiliate of Charité University, Berlin, Germany.

Obejctives: Worldwide, the overall cesarean section is rising. Trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) is an overall safe option with an immediate impact on neonatal and maternal short- and long-term health. Since the use of prostaglandins in cervical ripening is associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture, mechanical methods as balloon catheters or osmotic dilators have been suggested for cervical ripening prior to induction of labour. Here we are analyzing and comparing the VBAC rate, as well as maternal and fetal outcome in cervical ripening prior to TOLAC.

Methods: This prospective dual center study analyses maternal and neonatal outcomes of TOLAC in women with an unfavorable cervix requiring cervical ripening agent. The prospective application of an osmotic dilator (Dilapan-S, n=104) was analysed in comparison to the retrospective application of off-label dinoprostone (n=102).

Results: The overall fetal and neonatal outcome revealed no significant differences in both groups. Patients receiving cervical ripening with the osmotic dilator delivered vaginally/by ventouse in 52% of cases, compared to 53% when using dinoprostone (p=0.603). The interval between application to onset of labor was significantly higher in the osmotic dilator group (37.9 vs.20.7 h, p=<0.001). However, time from onset of labor to delivery was similar in both groups (7.93 vs. 7.44 h, p=0.758). There was one case of uterine rupture in the dinoprostone group.

Conclusions: Our data shows that the application of the osmotic dilator leads to similar outcomes in VBAC rate and time from onset of labor to delivery as well as safety in both groups compared to off-label use dinoprostone. Cervical ripening using the mechanical dilator is a viable and effective option, without the risk of uterine hyperstimulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2021-0157DOI Listing
August 2021

Peripartum Covid-19 Pneumonia with Severe ARDS - A Case Report.

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2021 04 19;225(2):183-187. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain, Berlin, Germany.

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 is a novel coronavirus that was first isolated in Wuhan, China, and resulted in a rapidly spreading pandemic worldwide. Currently there is only limited evidence on the effect of COVID-19 on pregnant women.

Case: Here we present one of the first serious COVID-19 cases in pregnancy at term with subsequent delivery. Postpartum the mother required antibiotic and symptomatic treatment. She experienced acute worsening of symptoms and developed acute respiratory failure requiring endotracheal intubation and subsequently extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Conclusion: COVID-19 affects all medical disciplines, requiring interdisciplinary approaches and development of patient care regimes. Obstetricians should be aware and be prepared for the special needs of pregnant women with potential prenatal and postnatal issues. Ideally pregnant COVID-19 patients should be cared for at a tertiary perinatal center with experienced perinatologists and neonatologists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1365-9262DOI Listing
April 2021

Patients' subjective assessment as a decisive predictor of malignancy in pelvic masses: results of a multicentric, prospective pelvic mass study.

J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Nov 30:1-6. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Gynecology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: The prognosis for ovarian cancer patients remains poor. A key to maximizing survival rates is early detection and treatment. This requires an accurate prediction of malignancy. Our study seeks to improve the accuracy of prediction by focusing on early subjective assessment of malignancy. We therefore investigated the assessment of patients themselves in comparison to the assessment of physicians.

Methods: One thousand three hundred and thirty patients participated in a prospective and multicenter study in six hospitals in Berlin. Using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression models, we measured the accuracy of the early subjective assessment in comparison to the final histological outcome. Moreover, we investigated factors related to the assessment of patients and physicians.

Results: The patients' assessment of malignancy is remarkably accurate. With a positive predictive value of 58%, the majority of patients correctly assessed a pelvic mass as malignant. With more information available, physicians achieved only a slightly more accurate prediction of 63%.

Conclusions: For the first time, our study considered subjective factors in the diagnostic process of pelvic masses. This paper demonstrates that the patients' personal assessment should be taken seriously as it can provide a significant contribution to earlier diagnosis and thus improved therapy and overall prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0167482X.2020.1850684DOI Listing
November 2020

Severe Lactational Mastitis With Complicated Wound Infection Caused by .

J Hum Lact 2021 Feb 17;37(1):200-206. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

27695 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative certified, Tertiary Perinatal Center, Charité University hospital affiliate, Vivantes Klinikum im Friedrichshain, Berlin, Germany.

Introduction: Puerperal mastitis, a complication occurring during the breastfeeding period, is often caused by . Here we report on severe mastitis in a lactating breast, with subsequent invasive disease and wound healing problems.

Main Issue: The 41-year-old woman (G2, P2) presented at 2 weeks postpartum to our hospital with painful swelling and reddening of the left breast, in addition to fever and malaise, and complained about a nipple fissure on the left breast. Previously, her 4-year-old son was treated for an acute otitis media and her husband experienced flu-like symptoms.

Management: Due to the severity of the symptoms, Clindamycin antibiotic treatment was initiated intravenously. was isolated in the milk. This strain is commonly known to cause infections of the upper respiratory tract, skin, and soft tissue, but rarely mastitis. Furthermore, the participant developed invasive disease with abscess formation and skin erosion with a milk fistula. Special dressing was applied to promote wound healing. The participant continued breastfeeding well into the child's 2nd year of life.

Conclusion: This rare form of complicated mastitis with invasive disease caused by called for an interdisciplinary approach. We want to draw attention to other pathogens causing mastitis and to alert health care workers to promote hygiene in lactating women to prevent transmission.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890334420965147DOI Listing
February 2021

Risk factors associated with adverse fetal outcomes in pregnancies affected by Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a secondary analysis of the WAPM study on COVID-19.

J Perinat Med 2020 11;48(9):950-958

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ospedale di San Leonardo, Castellammare di Stabia, Italy.

Objectives To evaluate the strength of association between maternal and pregnancy characteristics and the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnancies with laboratory confirmed COVID-19. Methods Secondary analysis of a multinational, cohort study on all consecutive pregnant women with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from February 1, 2020 to April 30, 2020 from 73 centers from 22 different countries. A confirmed case of COVID-19 was defined as a positive result on real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) assay of nasal and pharyngeal swab specimens. The primary outcome was a composite adverse fetal outcome, defined as the presence of either abortion (pregnancy loss before 22 weeks of gestations), stillbirth (intrauterine fetal death after 22 weeks of gestation), neonatal death (death of a live-born infant within the first 28 days of life), and perinatal death (either stillbirth or neonatal death). Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate parameters independently associated with the primary outcome. Logistic regression was reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Mean gestational age at diagnosis was 30.6±9.5 weeks, with 8.0% of women being diagnosed in the first, 22.2% in the second and 69.8% in the third trimester of pregnancy. There were six miscarriage (2.3%), six intrauterine device (IUD) (2.3) and 5 (2.0%) neonatal deaths, with an overall rate of perinatal death of 4.2% (11/265), thus resulting into 17 cases experiencing and 226 not experiencing composite adverse fetal outcome. Neither stillbirths nor neonatal deaths had congenital anomalies found at antenatal or postnatal evaluation. Furthermore, none of the cases experiencing IUD had signs of impending demise at arterial or venous Doppler. Neonatal deaths were all considered as prematurity-related adverse events. Of the 250 live-born neonates, one (0.4%) was found positive at RT-PCR pharyngeal swabs performed after delivery. The mother was tested positive during the third trimester of pregnancy. The newborn was asymptomatic and had negative RT-PCR test after 14 days of life. At logistic regression analysis, gestational age at diagnosis (OR: 0.85, 95% CI 0.8-0.9 per week increase; p<0.001), birthweight (OR: 1.17, 95% CI 1.09-1.12.7 per 100 g decrease; p=0.012) and maternal ventilatory support, including either need for oxygen or CPAP (OR: 4.12, 95% CI 2.3-7.9; p=0.001) were independently associated with composite adverse fetal outcome. Conclusions Early gestational age at infection, maternal ventilatory supports and low birthweight are the main determinants of adverse perinatal outcomes in fetuses with maternal COVID-19 infection. Conversely, the risk of vertical transmission seems negligible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2020-0355DOI Listing
November 2020
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