Publications by authors named "Kyle Z Pasquariello"

3 Publications

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Mol Pharmacol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Pharmacy, University of Buffalo, United States

Cisplatin is a platinum-based drug which remains among the most efficacious anticancer treatment options. Unfortunately, use of cisplatin is hindered by dose-limiting toxicities, including irreversible hearing loss, which can grossly affect patient quality of life. Cisplatin-induced ototoxicity is the result of cochlear hair cell damage through a mechanism that is poorly understood. However, cisplatin cytotoxicity is reliant on intracellular accumulation, a process that is largely dependent on the presence of particular membrane transporters. This review will provide an update on our current understanding of the various transporters known to be involved in the disposition and cytotoxicity of platinum drugs or their metabolites, as well as their role in mediating cisplatin-induced hearing loss. We also provide a summary of the successes and opportunities in therapeutically targeting membrane transporters to alleviate platinum-induced hearing loss. Moreover, we describe how this approach could be used to reduce the severity or onset of other adverse events associated with exposure to various forms of platinum drugs, without diminishing anti-tumor efficacy. Cisplatin-induced hearing loss is a dose limiting and irreversible adverse event with no current preventative or curative treatment measures. Pharmacological targeting of membrane transporters that regulate platinum uptake into cochlear hair cells, if conducted appropriately, may alleviate this devastating side effect and could be applied to alleviate other platinum-induced toxicities.
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July 2021

Regulation of OATP1B1 Function by Tyrosine Kinase-mediated Phosphorylation.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 Aug 4;27(15):4301-4310. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.

Purpose: OATP1B1 (SLCO1B1) is the most abundant and pharmacologically relevant uptake transporter in the liver and a key mediator of xenobiotic clearance. However, the regulatory mechanisms that determine OATP1B1 activity remain uncertain, and as a result, unexpected drug-drug interactions involving OATP1B1 substrates continue to be reported, including several involving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI).

Experimental Design: OATP1B1-mediated activity in overexpressing HEK293 cells and hepatocytes was assessed in the presence of FDA-approved TKIs, while rosuvastatin pharmacokinetics in the presence of an OATP1B1 inhibiting TKI were measured . Tyrosine phosphorylation of OATP1B1 was determined by LC/MS-MS-based proteomics and transport function was measured following exposure to siRNAs targeting 779 different kinases.

Results: Twenty-nine of 46 FDA-approved TKIs studied significantly inhibit OATP1B1 function. Inhibition of OATP1B1 by TKIs, such as nilotinib, is predominantly noncompetitive, can increase systemic concentrations of rosuvastatin , and is associated with reduced phosphorylation of OATP1B1 at tyrosine residue 645. Using genetic screens and functional validation studies, the Src kinase LYN was identified as a potential regulator of OATP1B1 activity that is highly sensitive to inhibition by various TKIs at clinically relevant concentrations.

Conclusions: A novel kinase-dependent posttranslational mechanism of OATP1B1 activation was identified and interference with this process by TKIs can influence the elimination of a broad range of xenobiotic substrates.
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August 2021

Adrenergic manipulation inhibits pavlovian conditioned approach behaviors.

Behav Brain Res 2018 Feb 8;339:278-285. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

SUNY University at Buffalo, Department of Psychology, United States, United States.

Environmental rewards and Pavlovian reward cues can acquire incentive salience, thereby eliciting incentive motivational states and instigate reward-seeking. In rats, the incentive salience of food cues can be measured during a Pavlovian conditioned approach paradigm, in which rats engage in cue-directed approach ("sign-tracking") or approach the food delivery location ("goal-tracking"). While it has been shown that dopamine signaling is necessary for sign-tracking, some studies have suggested that norepinephrine is involved in learning to sign-track as well. Thus, in order to investigate the influence of norepinephrine in Pavlovian conditioned approach, we administered three adrenergic drugs while rats learned that a food cue (an illuminated, retractable lever) preceded the delivery of banana-flavored food pellets into a food-cup. We found that pre-session injections of disulfiram (a dopamine-β-hydroxylase inhibitor) inhibited the development of sign-tracking, but goal-tracking was only affected at the high dose. In one experiment, post-session injections of disulfiram blocked the development of sign-tracking, although this effect was not replicated in a separate set of rats. Post-session injections of prazosin (an α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist) and propranolol (a β-adrenergic receptor antagonist) also blocked the development of sign-tracking but not goal-tracking. Taken together, these results suggest that adrenergic transmission mediates the acquisition of sign-tracking but not goal-tracking, and thus plays a selective role in the attribution of incentive salience food cues.
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February 2018