Publications by authors named "Kunjian Liu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Therapeutic Mechanism and Effect of Camptothecin on Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice.

J Immunol Res 2021 24;2021:5556659. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Gastrointestinal Colorectal and Anal Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China.

Camptothecin (CPT) is a cytotoxic quinoline alkaloid isolated from the bark and branches of the Chinese tree . CPT inhibits topoisomerase I. It possesses various antitumor activities and is mainly used in the treatment of colon, ovarian, liver, and bone cancers as well as leukemia. CPT inhibits the expressions of inflammatory genes and can prevent death from chronic inflammation. Therefore, we investigated the effect of CPT treatment in ulcerative colitis (UC) using DSS-induced UC mouse model; after that, we explored its potential mechanisms. Here, we found that CPT exerted protection on DSS-induced UC in rats. In addition, the administration prominently reduced the disease activity index as well as colon length of the model rats and remarkably reduced the inflammatory cytokines. Further, CPT significantly reduced several vital proinflammatory proteins in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. In summary, our findings demonstrate that CPT is hopefully to act as a therapeutic agent for UC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/5556659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8093050PMC
April 2021

The protective effect and mechanism of pedunculoside on DSS (dextran sulfate sodium) induced ulcerative colitis in mice.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Nov 22;88:107017. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

College of Clinical Medicine, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun 130117, China.

Pedunculoside (PE) is derived from the bark of iron holly, a member of the holly family. Previous studies have shown that PE has anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antiviral, cholesterol-lowering and blood-pressure-lowering effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of PE on ulcerative colitis and to explore its potential mechanisms. We treated a mouse model of ulcerative colitis induced by DSS (dextran sulfate sodium) with PE. The results showed that PE had an obvious effect on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis. PE significantly improved the colon length and clinical score in mice, and significantly inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines. In the LPS-induced inflammatory response of RAW264.7 macrophages, we also found that PE significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT, ERK1/2, JNK1/2, P65, and P38 to reduce the production of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, COX-2, and iNOS. Furthermore, PE suppressed the LPS-induced transcriptional activities of nuclear factor P65 as well as the phosphorylation of P65. In addition, we also studied the effect of PE on LPS induced AKT/NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways with primary peritoneal macrophages. In summary, PE has a beneficial effect on ulcerative colitis, and may be a potential natural product in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.107017DOI Listing
November 2020