Publications by authors named "Kourosh Delpasand"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Emergence of ST131 Causing Urinary Tract Infection in Western Asia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Microb Drug Resist 2020 Nov 7;26(11):1357-1364. Epub 2020 May 7.

Razi Clinical Research Development Unit, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

sequence type (ST) 131 is considered a high-risk pandemic clone and frequently extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing clone that is strongly associated with the global dissemination of CTX-M-15 type. The emergence of ST131 has become a public health threat because this clonal group typically exhibits multiple virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the literature published on the estimation of the prevalence of clone ST131 among strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infections in western Asia. A systematic search was carried out to identify eligible articles in the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar electronic databases from January 2010 to December 2018. Next, 13 articles meeting the inclusion criteria were selected for data extraction and analysis by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software. The included studies were conducted in Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Yemen. In all studies, the pooled prevalence of ST131 was 24.6% (95% CI: 13.5%-40.4%) in wild type isolates, 42.7% (95% CI: 32.5%-53.5%) among ESBLs-producing isolates, and 64.8% (95% CI: 36%-85.5%) among multiple-drug resistant (MDR) isolates. Moreover, the prevalence of ST131 isolates carrying CTX-M-15 type was 68% (95% CI: 48.4%-82.8%). Our study indicated the high prevalence of broadly disseminated ST131 clone among MDR and ESBLs isolates in western Asia. Moreover, O25b was the predominant ST131 clone type, which was mostly associated with CTX-M-15 type.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2019.0312DOI Listing
November 2020

Epigenetic profiling of MUTYH, KLF6, WNT1 and KLF4 genes in carcinogenesis and tumorigenesis of colorectal cancer.

Biomedicine (Taipei) 2019 Dec 14;9(4):22. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is distinguished by epigenetic elements like DNA methylation, histone modification, histone acetylation and RNA remodeling which is related with genomic instability and tumor initiation. Correspondingly, as a main epigenetic regulation, DNA methylation has an impressive ability in order to be used in CRC targeted therapy. Meaningly, DNA methylation is identified as one of most important epigenetic regulators in gene expression and is considered as a notable potential driver in tumorigenesis and carcinogenesis through gene-silencing of tumor suppressors genes. Abnormal methylation situation, even in the level of promoter regions, does not essentially change the gene expression levels, particularly if the gene was become silenced, leaving the mechanisms of methylation without any response. According to the methylation situation which has a strong eagerness to be highly altered on CpG islands in carcinogenesis and tumorigenesis, considering its epigenetic fluctuations in finding new biomarkers is of great importance. Modifications in DNA methylation pattern and also enrichment of methylated histone signs in the promoter regions of some certain genes like MUTYH, KLF4/6 and WNT1 in different signaling pathways could be a notable key contributors to the upregulation of tumor initiation in CRC. These epigenetic alterations could be employed as a practical diagnostic biomarkers for colorectal cancer. In this review, we will be discuss these fluctuations of MUTYH, KLF4/6 and WNT1 genes in CRC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/bmdcn/2019090422DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6855188PMC
December 2019

Breaking Bad News: A Valid Concern among Clinicians.

Iran J Psychiatry 2019 Jul;14(3):198-202

Department of Statistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Delivering bad news is the duty of specialist physicians. However, they find it very difficult due to insufficient experience. In this study, the way faculty and residents of Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS) delivered bad news to the patients was investigated. This study was conducted at hospitals affiliated to GUMS during 2017. A questionnaire containing 18 items on environmental and psychical support was filled through a face to face interview. The first 10 questions evaluated psychical support and the next eight environmental supports. The scoring of each question ranged from 10 to 50, with 10 indicating "never" and 50 "always". According to the analysis of 235 questionnaires, only 32 (13.6%) of the participants had been taught to deliver bad news and 195(83%) felt they need educational courses. Also, 40 (17%) believed that they had enough ability to deliver these massages. No significant differences were observed among physicians who had taken teaching courses in breaking bad news to patients. This study revealed that educational courses to improve physicians' communication skill to break bad news to patients are strongly warranted.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6778609PMC
July 2019