Publications by authors named "Kouhei Den"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A novel ITPA variant causes epileptic encephalopathy with multiple-organ dysfunction.

J Hum Genet 2020 Sep 14;65(9):751-757. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Inborn errors of metabolism can cause epileptic encephalopathies. Biallelic loss-of-function variants in the ITPA gene, encoding inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPase), have been reported in epileptic encephalopathies with lack of myelination of the posterior limb of the internal capsule, brainstem tracts, and tracts to the primary visual and motor cortices (MIM:616647). ITPase plays an important role in purine metabolism. In this study, we identified two novel homozygous ITPA variants, c.264-1 G > A and c.489-1 G > A, in two unrelated consanguineous families. The probands had epilepsy, microcephaly with characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings (T2 hyperintensity signals in the pyramidal tracts of the internal capsule, delayed myelination, and thin corpus callosum), hypotonia, and developmental delay; both died in early infancy. Our report expands the knowledge of clinical consequences of biallelic ITPA variants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-020-0765-3DOI Listing
September 2020

Recurrent NUS1 canonical splice donor site mutation in two unrelated individuals with epilepsy, myoclonus, ataxia and scoliosis - a case report.

BMC Neurol 2019 Oct 27;19(1):253. Epub 2019 Oct 27.

Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: We encountered two unrelated individuals suffering from neurological disorders, including epilepsy and scoliosis.

Case Presentation: Whole-exome sequencing identified the same recurrent, de novo, pathogenic variant in NUS1 [NM_138459.4:c.691 + 1C > A] in both individuals. This variant is located in the conserved cis-prenyltransferase domain of the nuclear undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase 1 gene (NUS1), which encodes the Nogo-B receptor, an essential catalyst for protein glycosylation. This variant was confirmed to create a new splice donor site, resulting in aberrant RNA splicing resulting in a 91-bp deletion in exon 3 in both individuals. The mutant mRNA was partially degraded by nonsense mediated mRNA decay. To date, only four de novo variants and one homozygous variant have been reported in NUS1, which cause developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, early onset Parkinson's disease, and a congenital disorder of glycosylation. Seven patients, including our two patients, have presented with epileptic seizures and intellectual disabilities.

Conclusions: Our study strongly supports the finding that this recurrent, de novo, variant in NUS1 causes developmental and epileptic encephalopathy with involuntary movement, ataxia and scoliosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-019-1489-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815447PMC
October 2019

Comprehensive analysis of coding variants highlights genetic complexity in developmental and epileptic encephalopathy.

Nat Commun 2019 06 7;10(1):2506. Epub 2019 Jun 7.

Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

Although there are many known Mendelian genes linked to epileptic or developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (EE/DEE), its genetic architecture is not fully explained. Here, we address this incompleteness by analyzing exomes of 743 EE/DEE cases and 2366 controls. We observe that damaging ultra-rare variants (dURVs) unique to an individual are significantly overrepresented in EE/DEE, both in known EE/DEE genes and the other non-EE/DEE genes. Importantly, enrichment of dURVs in non-EE/DEE genes is significant, even in the subset of cases with diagnostic dURVs (P = 0.000215), suggesting oligogenic contribution of non-EE/DEE gene dURVs. Gene-based analysis identifies exome-wide significant (P = 2.04 × 10) enrichment of damaging de novo mutations in NF1, a gene primarily linked to neurofibromatosis, in infantile spasm. Together with accumulating evidence for roles of oligogenic or modifier variants in severe neurodevelopmental disorders, our results highlight genetic complexity in EE/DEE, and indicate that EE/DEE is not an aggregate of simple Mendelian disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10482-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6555845PMC
June 2019

A novel de novo frameshift variant in SETD1B causes epilepsy.

J Hum Genet 2019 Aug 20;64(8):821-827. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.

We identified a de novo frameshift variant (NM_015048.1:c.5644_5647del:p.(Ile1882Serfs*118)) in the last exon of SETD1B in a Japanese patient with autistic behavior, developmental delay, intellectual disability, and myoclonic seizures. This variant is predicted to disrupt a well-conserved carboxyl-terminus SET domain, which is known to modulate gene activities and/or chromatin structure. Previously, two de novo missense mutations in SETD1B were reported in two patients with epilepsy. All three patients including the current patient share similar clinical features. Herein, we report a first epilepsy patient with a frameshift variant in SETD1B, emphasizing a possible pathomechanistic association of SETD1B abnormality with neurodevelopmental delay with epilepsy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-019-0617-1DOI Listing
August 2019