Publications by authors named "Kou Matsui"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Perivascular abnormalities in pediatric encephalopathy with fulminant brain edema.

Brain Dev 2021 Jun 15;43(6):719-723. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Center for Integrated Human Brain Science, Brain Research Institute, University of Niigata, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Acute encephalopathy with acute brain swelling (ABS) is a recently proposed disease of unknown etiology, characterized by rapid progression to whole-brain swelling. To our knowledge, we reported the first case of a patient with acute encephalopathy with ABS wherein brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities were noted prior to the diffuse brain swelling onset.

Case Presentation: An 11-year-old boy was admitted to our unit owing to prolonged disturbance of consciousness following febrile status epilepticus. At the initial visit, the vital signs were within the normal range, except for the body temperature and consciousness level (Glasgow Coma Scale 6; E1V1M4). The initial laboratory results showed elevated inflammatory marker levels and mild hyponatremia. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed albuminocytologic dissociation, whereas the myelin basic protein level was not elevated. Electroencephalography showed diffuse, high-amplitude slow waves. No abnormalities were detected on the initial brain computed tomography (CT) scan. However, at 11 h after the seizure onset, diffuse hyperintense lesions were observed throughout the cerebrum on T2-weighted brain MRI. The patient was diagnosed with acute encephalopathy and received methylprednisolone-pulse therapy (1 g) with high-dose gamma globulin (1 g/kg) administration. At 14 h after the seizure onset, the patient was declared brain-dead; the brain CT findings revealed whole-brain swelling and herniation.

Conclusion: Our findings were suggestive of a perivascular pathophysiology and may be used for subtyping acute encephalopathy. In cases where such findings are observed, subsequent development of severe diffuse brain swelling should be considered.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2021.01.006DOI Listing
June 2021

Polymicrogyria with calcification in Pallister-Killian syndrome detected by microarray analysis.

Brain Dev 2021 Mar 21;43(3):448-453. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Department of Child Neurology, NHO Nishiniigata Chuo Hospital, 1-14-1 Masago, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2085, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare disorder caused by the mosaic tetrasomy of chromosome 12p, and is characterized by facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, hypotonia and seizures.

Results: We report a patient with PKS showing unique polymicrogyria with calcification. He had delayed development and dysmorphic facial features including frontal bossing, hypertelorism, and high arched palate at 6 months of age. Neuroimaging revealed unilateral polymicrogyria with spot calcifications, which predominantly affected the right perisylvian region. Chromosome G-banding showed the karyotype 46,XY, however, array-based comparative genomic hybridization analysis showed mosaic duplication of chromosome 12p, in which CCND2, which encodes cyclin D2 and is a downstream mediator of PI3K-AKT pathway, is located. Supernumerary chromosome of 12p was detected in 58% of buccal mucosa cells by the interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis using chromosome 12 centromere-specific D12Z3 probe. The diagnosis of PKS was made based on distinctive clinical features of our patient and the results of cytogenetic analyses.

Conclusion: This report is, to our knowledge, the first case of a patient with PKS who clearly demonstrates polymicrogyria colocalized with calcifications, as shown by CT scans and MRI, and suggests that a patient with PKS could show structural brain anomalies with calcification. We assume that somatic mosaicism of tetrasomy could cause asymmetrical polymicrogyria in our patient, and speculate that increased dosages of CCND2 at chromosome 12p might be involved in the abnormal neuronal migration in PKS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2020.11.003DOI Listing
March 2021

An autopsy case of peliosis hepatis with X-linked myotubular myopathy.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 May 18;38:77-82. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Legal Medicine, Department of Community Preventive Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medicine and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan; Center of Cause of Death Investigation, Faculty of Medicine, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan. Electronic address:

This report describes the autopsy case of a 4-year-old boy who died from hepatic hemorrhage and rupture caused by peliosis hepatis with X-linked myotubular myopathy. Peliosis hepatis is characterized by multiple blood-filled cavities of various sizes in the liver, which occurs in chronic wasting disease or with the use of specific drugs. X-linked myotubular myopathy is one of the most serious types of congenital myopathies, in which an affected male infant typically presents with severe hypotonia and respiratory distress immediately after birth. Although each disorder is rare, 12 cases of pediatric peliosis hepatis associated with X-linked myotubular myopathy have been reported, including our case. Peliosis hepatis should be considered as a cause of hepatic hemorrhage despite its low incidence, and it requires adequate gross and histological investigation for correct diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.04.005DOI Listing
May 2019

Detection of component segregation in granules manufactured by high shear granulation with over-granulation conditions using near-infrared chemical imaging.

Int J Pharm 2013 Jan 12;441(1-2):135-45. Epub 2012 Dec 12.

Division of Drugs, National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the high shear granulation process using near-infrared (NIR) chemical imaging technique and to make the findings available for pharmaceutical development. We prepared granules and tablets made under appropriate- and over-granulation conditions with high shear granulation and observed these granules and tablets using NIR chemical imaging system. We found an interesting phenomenon: lactose agglomeration and segregation of ingredients occurred in experimental tablets when over-granulation conditions, including greater impeller rotation speeds and longer granulation times, were employed. Granules prepared using over-granulation conditions were larger and had progressed to the consolidation stage; segregation between ethenzamide and lactose occurred within larger granules. The segregation observed here is not detectable using conventional analytical technologies such as high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) because the content of the granules remained uniform despite the segregation. Therefore, granule visualization using NIR chemical imaging is an effective method for investigating and evaluating the granulation process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.12.005DOI Listing
January 2013

Clinical implications of interleukin-18 levels in pediatric patients with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.

J Infect Chemother 2011 Dec 17;17(6):803-6. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

Division of Pediatrics, Department of Homeostatic Regulation and Development, Niigata University Graduate School of Medicine and Dental Sciences, Asahimachi, Niigata 951-8510, Japan.

The immunological pathogenesis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia is known to involve several cytokines. The serum levels of interleukin-18 (IL-18) were examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 23 pediatric patients (median age 6 years; range 4-13 years; 14 girls and 9 boys) with M. pneumoniae pneumonia admitted to our hospital. Serum levels of IL-18 ranged from 22 to 1808 pg/ml with a mean of 543 pg/ml. We started steroid therapy in two cases with IL-18 values greater than 1000 pg/ml without being aware of IL-18 levels. Examination of associations between IL-18 levels determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a routine laboratory test showed that levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and IL-18 were significantly correlated. To determine the appropriateness of steroid administration in M. pneumoniae pneumonia patients, serum LDH should be examined. Patients with elevated levels of LDH are likely to have significantly elevated IL-18 values (≥1000 pg/ml) and thus can be candidates for steroid therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10156-011-0265-7DOI Listing
December 2011

Prophylactic cefdinir for pediatric cases of complicated urinary tract infection.

Pediatr Int 2011 Feb;53(1):57-61

Department of Pediatrics, Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital, Shibata-shi, Nigata, Japan.

Background: This study evaluated the effect of prophylactic cefdinir (3 mg/kg given once daily) for the prevention of recurrent and complicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in pediatric patients.

Methods: The study included 14 infants who were observed for at least 6 months following the first signs of infection (eight boys, six girls; mean age at admission [± SD]: 6.2 [± 7.4] months). Twelve patients had vesico-ureteric reflux (grade I, two; grade II, three; grade III, six; grade IV, one), and two patients had ureteropelvic junction stenosis.

Results: No patients discontinued medication due to diarrhea or other adverse drug reactions. The patients had a 6-month recurrence-free rate of 93% (13/14); only one patient had recurrent UTI. The mean urinary cefdinir concentration was 16.3 [± 11.7]µg/mL; there was considerable variability among individual measurements, even though the samples were collected at similar intervals after drug intake (mean 18.00 [± 2.63] h after dose). However, the lowest measured urinary cefdinir concentration (1.16 µg/mL) was sufficient to eradicate Escherichia coli, one of the most significant causes of UTI. Fecal cultures, obtained at monthly clinic visits during the observation period, indicated that the patients' E. coli strains were very sensitive to cefdinir. No patients were infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa or other non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli or fungi.

Conclusions: These results show that cefdinir given 3 mg/kg once daily is very effective and safe for preventing recurrent complicated UTI in infants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2010.03190.xDOI Listing
February 2011
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