Publications by authors named "Komal S Sandhu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Release of (and lessons learned from mining) a pioneering large toxicogenomics database.

Pharmacogenomics 2015 Jul 12;16(8):779-801. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Radius Group, Thomas More University College, Kleinhoefstraat 4, 2440 Geel, Belgium.

Aim: We release the Janssen Toxicogenomics database. This rat liver gene-expression database was generated using Codelink microarrays, and has been used over the past years within Janssen to derive signatures for multiple end points and to classify proprietary compounds.

Materials & Methods: The release consists of gene-expression responses to 124 compounds, selected to give a broad coverage of liver-active compounds. A selection of the compounds were also analyzed on Affymetrix microarrays.

Results: The release includes results of an in-house reannotation pipeline to Entrez gene annotations, to classify probes into different confidence classes. High confidence unambiguously annotated probes were used to create gene-level data which served as starting point for cross-platform comparisons. Connectivity map-based similarity methods show excellent agreement between Codelink and Affymetrix runs of the same samples. We also compared our dataset with the Japanese Toxicogenomics Project and observed reasonable agreement, especially for compounds with stronger gene signatures. We describe an R-package containing the gene-level data and show how it can be used for expression-based similarity searches.

Conclusion: Comparing the same biological samples run on the Affymetrix and the Codelink platform, good correspondence is observed using connectivity mapping approaches. As expected, this correspondence is smaller when the data are compared with an independent dataset such as TG-GATE. We hope that this collection of gene-expression profiles will be incorporated in toxicogenomics pipelines of users.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2015

An international effort towards developing standards for best practices in analysis, interpretation and reporting of clinical genome sequencing results in the CLARITY Challenge.

Genome Biol 2014 Mar 25;15(3):R53. Epub 2014 Mar 25.

Background: There is tremendous potential for genome sequencing to improve clinical diagnosis and care once it becomes routinely accessible, but this will require formalizing research methods into clinical best practices in the areas of sequence data generation, analysis, interpretation and reporting. The CLARITY Challenge was designed to spur convergence in methods for diagnosing genetic disease starting from clinical case history and genome sequencing data. DNA samples were obtained from three families with heritable genetic disorders and genomic sequence data were donated by sequencing platform vendors. The challenge was to analyze and interpret these data with the goals of identifying disease-causing variants and reporting the findings in a clinically useful format. Participating contestant groups were solicited broadly, and an independent panel of judges evaluated their performance.

Results: A total of 30 international groups were engaged. The entries reveal a general convergence of practices on most elements of the analysis and interpretation process. However, even given this commonality of approach, only two groups identified the consensus candidate variants in all disease cases, demonstrating a need for consistent fine-tuning of the generally accepted methods. There was greater diversity of the final clinical report content and in the patient consenting process, demonstrating that these areas require additional exploration and standardization.

Conclusions: The CLARITY Challenge provides a comprehensive assessment of current practices for using genome sequencing to diagnose and report genetic diseases. There is remarkable convergence in bioinformatic techniques, but medical interpretation and reporting are areas that require further development by many groups.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2014