Publications by authors named "Koji Nagafuji"

145 Publications

Clinicopathological features of HCV-positive splenic diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

Ann Hematol 2019 May 7;98(5):1197-1207. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Asahimachi 67, Kurume, Fukuoka, 830-0011, Japan.

The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded RNA virus which is thought to be involved in the onset of B cell lymphoma. HCV-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been reported to clinically manifest in extranodal lesions (e.g., in the liver, spleen, and stomach). Here, we investigated HCV-positive and -negative primary splenic DLBCL (p-spDLBCL) and non-primary splenic DLBCL (ordinary DLBCL). Furthermore, to examine HCV lymphomagenesis, RNA in situ hybridization (ISH), RT-PCR (reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction), and NS3 immunostaining of HCV viral nonstructural proteins were performed. HCV-positive p-spDLBCL patients presented fewer B symptoms (asymptomatic) and better performance status, with elevated presence of splenic macronodular lesions and more germinal center B cell (GCB) sub-group cases than HCV-negative p-spDLBCL patients. However, HCV-positive ordinary DLBCL patients were found to have more non-GCB sub-group cases than HCV-negative ordinary DLBCL patients. HCV-positive DLBCL patients showed 20.6% (7/34) NS3 positivity, 16.7% (1/6) HCV-RNA in situ positivity, and 22.2% (2/9) detection of HCV-RNA in tumor tissue by RT-PCR. Splenic samples were found to have a higher frequency of HCV detection than lymph node samples, thus suggesting that HCV may be closely related to lymphomagenesis, especially in splenic lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-019-03628-8DOI Listing
May 2019

CD34-selected versus unmanipulated autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the treatment of severe systemic sclerosis: a post hoc analysis of a phase I/II clinical trial conducted in Japan.

Arthritis Res Ther 2019 01 22;21(1):30. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: The effectiveness of autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in treating severe systemic sclerosis (SSc) is established; however, the necessity of purified CD34+ cell grafts and the appropriate conditioning regimen remain unclear. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of CD34-selected auto-HSCT with unmanipulated auto-HSCT to treat severe SSc.

Methods: This study was a post hoc analysis of a phase I/II clinical trial conducted in Japan. Nineteen patients with severe SSc were enrolled. Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) were mobilised with cyclophosphamide (4 g/m) and filgrastim (10 μg/kg/day). Following PBSC collection by apheresis, CD34+ cells were immunologically selected in 11 patients. All patients were treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg) monotherapy as a conditioning regimen and received CD34-selected (n = 11) or unmanipulated auto-HSCT (n = 8). Changes in skin sclerosis and pulmonary function were assessed over an 8-year follow-up period. Differences in the changes, toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were compared between patients who had received CD34-selected auto-HSCT and those who had received unmanipulated auto-HSCT.

Results: Skin sclerosis progressively improved after transplantation over an 8-year follow-up period in both groups, and the improvement was significantly greater in the CD34-selected group than in the unmanipulated group. Forced vital capacity in the CD34-selected group continuously increased over 8 years, whereas in the unmanipulated group it returned to baseline 3 years after transplantation. Toxicity and viral infections, such as cytomegalovirus infection and herpes zoster, were more frequently found in the CD34-selected group than in the unmanipulated group. The frequency of severe adverse events, such as bacterial infections or organ toxicity, was similar between the two groups. No treatment-related deaths occurred in either treatment group. PFS of the CD34-selected group was greater than that of the unmanipulated group, and the 5-year PFS rates of the CD34-selected and unmanipulated group were 81.8% and 50% respectively.

Conclusions: CD34-selected auto-HSCT may produce favourable effects on improvement of skin sclerosis and pulmonary function compared with unmanipulated auto-HSCT. Use of CD34-selected auto-HSCT with high-dose cyclophosphamide monotherapy as a conditioning regimen may offer an excellent benefit-to-risk balance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-019-1823-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341635PMC
January 2019

Is clinicopathological distinction of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma from Waldenström macroglobulinemia essential in MYD88 L265P mutation-positive cases?

Int J Hematol 2019 Mar 3;109(3):247-248. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Hematology, Respiratory Medicine and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga, 849-8501, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-018-02585-8DOI Listing
March 2019

Analysis of GNA13 Protein in Follicular Lymphoma and its Association With Poor Prognosis.

Am J Surg Pathol 2018 11;42(11):1466-1471

Departments of Pathology.

GNA13 is a G protein involved in modulating tumor proliferative capacity, infiltration, metastasis, and migration. Genomic alteration of GNA13 was frequently observed in follicular lymphoma (FL). In this study, we examined 167 cases of FL by immunostaining of GNA13 using tissue microarray to evaluate the clinical significance. There were 26 GNA13-positive cases (15.6%) and 141 GNA13-negative cases (84.4%). GNA13-positive cases had a higher incidence of early progression of disease for which disease progression was recognized within 2 years compared with GNA13-negative cases (P=0.03). There were no significant differences in other clinicopathologic factors including histological grade, BCL2-IGH translocation, immunohistochemical phenotype, and Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index. In addition, overall survival and progression-free survival were poorer in GNA13-positive cases than in GNA13-negative cases (P=0.009 and 0.005, respectively). In multivariate analysis, GNA13 positivity was found to be a poor prognostic factor for overall survival and progression-free survival. Thus, GNA13 protein expression was an independent prognostic factor and may affect disease progression in FL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0000000000000969DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266301PMC
November 2018

Risk of secondary primary malignancies in multiple myeloma patients with or without autologous stem cell transplantation.

Int J Hematol 2019 Jan 24;109(1):98-106. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Hematology and Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, 1-8-1 Jigyohama, Chuo-Ku, Fukuoka, 810-8563, Japan.

Outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have improved through use of novel treatments, especially lenalidomide combined with autologous stem cell transplantation. However, because of their increased life expectancy, an increased risk of secondary primary malignancies (SPMs) has been observed in MM patients, particularly after lenalidomide maintenance in both transplant-eligible (TE) and transplant-ineligible (TI) patients. To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of developing SPMs, we identified 17 TE-MM and 12 TI-MM patients with SPMs among 211 TE-MM and 280 TI-MM patients, including seven TE-MM and four TI-MM patients with hematological malignancies and ten TE-MM and eight TI-MM patients with non-hematological cancers, respectively. The median follow-up time from diagnosis was > 4 years. Multivariate analysis identified a history of high-dose cyclophosphamide use for peripheral blood stem cell harvest in TE-MM patients and > 65 years of age at diagnosis, or a history of adriamycin, lenalidomide, or thalidomide use in TI-MM patients as independent risk factors for SPMs (P < 0.001). Patients with a history of lenalidomide use had a lower risk of death among both TE-MM (P = 0.0326) and TI-MM (P < 0.001) patients. The survival benefit of receiving lenalidomide outweighed the increased risk of SPMs in both TE-and TI-MM patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-018-2538-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Myeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning in HLA-haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2019 03 7;54(3):432-441. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

We conducted two parallel prospective, multicenter, phase II studies to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HLA-haploidentical peripheral blood stem cell transplantation using post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy-haploPBSCT) following myeloablative conditioning (MAC, n = 50) and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC, n = 77). Event-free survival (EFS) at 1-year as for primary endpoint was 64% and 43% in the MAC and RIC groups, respectively. Neutrophil engraftment was achieved in 98% and 94% in the MAC and RIC groups, respectively. The incidences of grades II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 18% and 8% in the MAC group, and 14% and 5% in the RIC group, respectively. Those of all grade and moderate to severe chronic GVHD at 2-year were 36% and 20% in the MAC group, and 27% and 20% in the RIC group, respectively. Overall survival (OS), EFS, nonrelapse mortality, and relapse rate at 2-year were 68%, 54%, 10%, and 36% in the MAC group, and 44%, 35%, 20%, and 45% in the RIC group, respectively. Notably, 83% and 86% of patients who survived without relapse stopped immunosuppressant at 2-year in the MAC and RIC groups, respectively. Our results indicate that both MAC and RIC are valid options for PTCy-haploPBSCT for adults with hematological malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-018-0279-1DOI Listing
March 2019

Clinicopathological analysis of immunohistochemical expression of retinoic acid-related orphan receptor-γt in peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified.

Hum Pathol 2018 09 22;79:86-92. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan.

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) is cytologically and phenotypically heterogeneous. Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor-γt (RORγt) is a transcription factor that regulates the differentiation of naïve CD4 helper T cells to Th17 cells. In the present study, we immunohistochemically confirmed the expression of RORγt in PTCL-NOS. Pathological and clinical investigations were performed for 170 cases of PTCL-NOS. RORγt-positive cases accounted for 17.6% (30/170) of the total cases, and they showed a significantly higher frequency of CD8 positivity (P = .033), lower counts of white blood cells (P = .030) and neutrophils (P = .039) in the peripheral blood, higher levels of hypergammaglobulinemia (P = .031), a higher frequency of a complete response (P = .009), and a tendency for a lower International Prognostic Index (P = .061) and better overall survival (P = .0806). These results suggest that RORγt-positive PTCL-NOS could be a subpopulation of PTCL-NOS. Further research associated with this genomic abnormality at the transcriptional level is needed to confirm the results of this study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2018.05.002DOI Listing
September 2018

Clinicopathological analysis of polyploid diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(4):e0194525. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Polyploid chromosomes are those with more than two sets of homologous chromosomes. Polyploid chromosomal abnormalities are observed in various malignant tumors. The prognosis in such cases is generally poor. However, there are no studies examining the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with polyploid chromosomal abnormalities. Therefore, we statistically compared the clinicopathological features between polyploid DLBCL and DLBCL without polyploid abnormalities. Herein, 51 polyploid DLBCL and 53 control (without polyploid chromosomal abnormalities) cases were examined. G-banding method was employed to define polyploidy by cytogenetic analysis. Subsequently, flow cytometric immunophenotyping and immunohistochemical staining were performed. Polyploid DLBCL was defined as DLBCL with either near-tetraploid or greater number of chromosomes, as detected by the G-band. In a survival analysis, a significantly worse overall survival (OS) was observed for polyploid DLBCL (p = 0.04; p = 0.02 in cases who received R-CHOP regimens). In a multivariate analysis of OS, polyploid chromosomal abnormalities were an independent prognostic factor. Our results suggest that polyploid chromosomal abnormalities detected through G-band may represent a new poor prognostic factor for DLBCL.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194525PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5894967PMC
July 2018

Effects of Prophylactic Foscarnet on Human Herpesvirus-6 Reactivation and Encephalitis in Cord Blood Transplant Recipients: A Prospective Multicenter Trial with an Historical Control Group.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 06 15;24(6):1264-1273. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Cord blood transplantation (CBT) is a distinct risk factor for human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) reactivation and HHV-6 encephalitis. In a prospective multicenter trial we investigated the effects of prophylactic foscarnet (90 mg/kg i.v. infusion from days 7 to 27 after CBT) on the occurrence of HHV-6 reactivation, HHV-6 encephalitis, and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in CBT recipients. Between 2014 and 2016, 57 patients were included in a foscarnet-prophylaxis group. Outcomes were compared with an historical control group who received CBT between 2010 and 2014 (standard-treatment group, n = 63). The cumulative incidence of high-level HHV-6 reactivation, defined as plasma HHV-6 DNA ≥ 10 copies/mL, at 60 days after CBT was significantly lower in the foscarnet-prophylaxis group than in the standard-treatment group (18.3% versus 57.3%, P < .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that myeloablative preconditioning and standard treatment were significant risk factors for high-level HHV-6 reactivation. The cumulative incidence of HHV-6 encephalitis at 60 days after CBT was not different between the groups (foscarnet-prophylaxis group, 12.4%; standard-treatment group, 4.9%; P = .14). The cumulative incidences of grades II to IV and grades III to IV aGVHD at 60 days after CBT were not different between the groups (grades II to IV aGVHD: foscarnet-prophylaxis group, 42.0%; standard-treatment group, 40.5%; P = .96; grades III to IV aGVHD: foscarnet-prophylaxis group, 14.5%; standard-treatment group, 14.5%; P = 1.00). In the setting of this study foscarnet significantly suppressed systemic HHV-6 reactivation in CBT recipients but failed to prevent the development of HHV-6 encephalitis. Suppression of HHV-6 reactivation by foscarnet did not show any effects against the incidence of aGVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.02.008DOI Listing
June 2018

Hepatitis C virus infection is an independent prognostic factor in follicular lymphoma.

Oncotarget 2018 Jan 11;9(2):1717-1725. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single-stranded RNA virus that not only affects hepatocytes, by B cells as well. It is thought that HCV is involved in the onset of B-cell lymphoma. The clinicopathological characteristics of HCV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and HCV-positive splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) are known, but there has been no report on HCV-positive follicular lymphoma (FL). In this study, the clinicopathological characteristics of HCV-positive FL were examined in 263 patients with FL who were classified into a HCV-positive group with HCV antibody and negative groups without one. The number of patients with HCV-positive FL and HCV-negative FL was 10 (3.8%) and 253 (96.2%), respectively. The patients with HCV-positive FL commonly had more than one region of lymphadenopathy, Ann Arbor stage III/IV, hemoglobin <120 g/l, elevated lactate dehydrogenase level, and high-risk categorization of Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) than in patients with HCV-negative FL. Overall survival and progression-free survival were poorer in patients with HCV-positive FL than in those with HCV-negative FL ( < 0.0001 and 0.006, respectively). Also, multivariate analysis revealed that positive HCV antibody was a poor prognostic factor of OS. In conclusion, HCV-positive FL has unique clinical features and may have a great impact on the overall survival of affected patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.23138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5788593PMC
January 2018

Prospective randomization of post-remission therapy comparing autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation versus high-dose cytarabine consolidation for acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission.

Int J Hematol 2018 Apr 14;107(4):468-477. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Medical Center for Karatsu-Higashimatsuura Medical Association, Karatsu, Japan.

We prospectively compared outcomes of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) versus high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) consolidation as post-remission therapy for favorable- and intermediate-risk acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1). Two-hundred-forty patients under 65 years with AML-M1, M2, M4, or M5 subtypes were enrolled. After induction, 153 patients did not undergo randomization, while the remaining 87 who achieved CR1 were prospectively randomized to HiDAC (n = 45) or ASCT arm (n = 42). In the HiDAC arm, 43 patients completed three cycles of HiDAC, whereas in ASCT arm 22 patients completed two cycles of consolidation consisting of intermediate-dose cytarabine plus mitoxantrone or etoposide followed by ASCT. The three-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 41% in HiDAC and 55% in ASCT arm (p = 0.25). Three-year overall survival (OS) rates were 77 and 68% (p = 0.67). Incidence of relapse was 54 and 41% (p = 0.22). There was no significant difference in nonrelapse mortality between two arms (p = 0.88). Patients in the ASCT arm tended to have higher DFS rates and lower relapse rates than patients in HiDAC; however, there was no significant improvement in OS in patients with favorable- and intermediate-risk AML in CR1. Patients with AML are not benefited by the intensified chemotherapy represented by ASCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-017-2389-8DOI Listing
April 2018

Prognostic factors for histiocytic and dendritic cell neoplasms.

Oncotarget 2017 Nov 19;8(58):98723-98732. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Histiocytic and dendritic cell neoplasms are rare and poorly studied. We report the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors in such cases in Japan. We investigated the clinical characteristics and survival in adult patients with histiocytic and dendritic cell neoplasms. Fifty patients had histiocytic sarcoma, 12 had Langerhans cell histiocytosis, 11 had follicular dendritic cell sarcoma, 8 had Langerhans cell sarcoma, 6 had interdigitating cell sarcoma and 1 had indeterminate dendritic cell sarcoma. The median follow-up period was 18.0 (range: 9.6-71.8) months, and median overall survival (OS) was . The 2-year OS rate was . In the multivariate analysis, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ( =.004), ECOG performance status (PS) 2-4 ( =.006), and Ann Arbor stage III-IV ( =.008) affected OS. Stratification by elevated LDH, ECOG PS 2-4, and Ann Arbor stage III-IV allowed classification of patients into low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk groups. The same classification was applicable for HS and non-HS categories. In the rare neoplasms of histiocytic and dendritic cell sarcoma, ECOG PS, Ann Arbor stage, and LDH are important prognostic factors for predicting survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.21920DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716762PMC
November 2017

Risk Assessment in Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Treated with Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 04 16;24(4):832-839. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Department of Hematology, Imamura General Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.

Disease status at allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an important pretransplant prognostic factor of HCT in adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL); however, other prognostic factors, including comorbidities, were not predictive in small cohort analyses. Several scoring systems (HCT-specific comorbidity index [HCT-CI]/modified European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation risk score [mEBMT]) have been adopted to predict HCT outcomes in other hematologic malignancies. We retrospectively evaluated HCT-CI and mEBMT to predict nonrelapse mortality (NRM) in 824 ATL patients registered in the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation TRUMP database, from 2008 until 2013. A higher HCT-CI was associated with greater NRM when comparing HCT-CI 0 versus HCT-CI 1 to 3 and HCT-CI 0 versus HCT-CI ≥ 4. A higher mEBMT score was not associated with higher NRM when comparing mEBMT 0 to 3 with 4 to 6. Because ATL patients are older and consequently at risk of additional complications, we developed an optimized prognostic index for ATL (ATL-HCT-PI) using known risk factors: age, HCT-CI, and donor-recipient sex combination. The ATL-HCT-PI scores effectively predicted the 2-year NRM (22.0%, 27.7%, and 44.4%, respectively). Therefore, the newly developed ATL-HCT-PI, in combination with other risk factors, is more useful for predicting NRM in HCT for ATL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2017.11.005DOI Listing
April 2018

Prospective observational study on the first 51 cases of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors in Japan.

Int J Hematol 2018 Feb 13;107(2):211-221. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Department of Hematology, Japanese Red Cross Nagoya First Hospital, 3-35 Michishita-cho, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya, 453-8511, Japan.

The Japan Marrow Donor Program (JMDP) has facilitated unrelated peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (URPBSCT) since 2010. We conducted a prospective multicenter observational study to evaluate the feasibility of such transplantation. Between 2011 and 2014, 51 patients underwent URPBSCT from 8/8 allele-matched donors for hematological malignancies. The median age of the patients was 50 years; 21 had high-risk disease. Myeloablative conditioning regimens were used in 31 patients, and tacrolimus based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was used for all patients. The cumulative rate of engraftment was 96%. With a median follow-up period of 610 days for survivors, 100-day and 1-year overall survival rates were 86 and 59%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality and relapse at 1 year were 14 and 35%, respectively. The incidence of grade II to IV acute GVHD at 100 days and extensive type of chronic GVHD at 1 year were 25 and 32%, respectively. The probability of overall survival was comparable with that of bone marrow transplantation from HLA matched-unrelated donors in Japan, although the incidence of chronic GVHD was higher. Further follow-up with more patients is clearly warranted to establish the optimal use of URPBSCT together with the approaches of minimizing chronic GVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-017-2341-yDOI Listing
February 2018

Clinicopathological features of primary splenic follicular lymphoma.

Ann Hematol 2017 Dec 3;96(12):2063-2070. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kurume University, 67, Asahi-machi, Kurume, 830-0011, Japan.

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a low-grade lymphoma that is usually characterized by generalized lymphadenopathy. Extranodal invasion by FL generally involves the bone marrow, skin, and duodenum; splenic infiltration often occurs in the advanced stages. However, primary splenic FL is very rare. Hence, few studies have been performed on splenic FL, and its clinicopathological features have not been established. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of primary splenic FL, as compared to nodal FL. We analyzed 17 patients diagnosed with primary splenic FL and 153 control patients with systemic FL. Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive status was significantly more common in patients with splenic FL than in the control patients (p = 0.02). Ann Arbor stage III or IV (p = 0.0003) and high-risk FLIPI (Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index) (p = 0.03) were significantly less common in patients with splenic FL than in the control patients; however, the overall and progression-free survival curves were not significantly different between the groups. Among the 17 patients with splenic FL, the progression-free survival was significantly worse in patients who underwent splenectomy without receiving postoperative chemotherapy than in those who did (p = 0.03). These results suggest that primary splenic FL should be considered different from systemic FL; accordingly, its management should also be conducted differently.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-017-3139-yDOI Listing
December 2017

Clinicopathological analysis of primary splenic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Br J Haematol 2017 09 11;178(5):719-727. Epub 2017 May 11.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Splenic infiltration is often seen in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, primary splenic DLBCL is rare and studies on its clinicopathological features are limited. We assessed 66 cases of primary splenic DLBCL and 309 control DLBCL, not otherwise specified. Hepatitis C virus antibody prevalence, B symptoms, poor performance status and CD5 positivity differed significantly between the primary splenic DLBCL and control DLBCL groups. Primary splenic DLBCL cases were classified histopathologically into two groups [white pulp pattern (n = 46), red pulp pattern (n = 20)]. Survival analysis showed no difference in overall survival between the primary splenic DLBCL and the control group, but the former had a more favourable progression-free survival. In the examination of primary splenic DLBCL, the white pulp pattern was statistically associated with a lower performance status (2-4), and a lower CD5 positivity than the red pulp pattern. In the survival analysis, the red pulp pattern demonstrated poorer overall survival. Multivariate analysis of overall survival in primary splenic DLBCL cases identified CD5 positivity as an indicator of poor prognosis. Classifying primary splenic DLBCL into white and red pulp patterns was useful in terms of clinicopathological features and overall survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14736DOI Listing
September 2017

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

J Dermatol 2017 Sep 9;44(9):1038-1042. Epub 2017 Apr 9.

Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

We retrospectively reviewed data pertaining to five patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) who had received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) between 2004 and 2015 at Kurume University Hospital, along with their clinical data until March 2016. For patients with advanced CTCL eligible for HSCT, autologous HSCT was performed when they responded well to chemotherapy, and allogeneic HSCT was selected for patients with advanced mycosis fungoides (MF)/Sézary syndrome (SS) and CTCL other than MF/SS with poor chemosensitivity. Two patients (primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma and primary cutaneous CD8 aggressive epidermotropic cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma) who responded well to chemotherapy received autologous HSCT: one patient was alive in partial remission and the other died due to therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia without disease relapse. In the remaining three patients with MF or SS, allogeneic HSCT was performed. Although one patient with MF died due to disease progression, the remaining two patients were alive in complete remission. Although there were two deaths in this study, the outcomes were considered satisfactory.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.13848DOI Listing
September 2017

Successful autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in primary cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8+ T-cell lymphoma.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Apr 23;15(4):440-442. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddg.13084DOI Listing
April 2017

Comparison of clinicopathological characteristics between T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified.

Eur J Haematol 2017 May 3;98(5):459-466. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kurume University, Kurume, Japan.

Objectives: T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is a very rare, aggressive T-cell neoplasm. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) is also a highly aggressive lymphoma. These two diseases can often be confused with each other; therefore, we aimed to determine the clinical and pathological differences between T-PLL and PTCL-NOS.

Methods: We analyzed 15 T-PLL and 91 PTCL-NOS patients and also compared clinical features between T-PLL and PTCL-NOS with leukemic presentation. Peripheral blood images and biopsy specimens were analyzed, and treatment responses were determined via imaging modalities. The clinicopathological characteristics were statistically compared.

Results: T-PLL cells were smaller in size than those of PTCL-NOS with leukemic presentation (P=.0068); moreover, PTCL-NOS cells with leukemic presentation were smaller than those of PTCL-NOS without leukemic presentation (P=.0017). Immunophenotypic patterns in T-PLL and PTCL-NOS were similar. Five-year overall survival rates of T-PLL and all PTCL-NOS patients were 57.5% and 36.8%, respectively. No significant differences were found in clinical manifestations or prognoses; T-PLL and PTCL-NOS with leukemic presentation had essentially equivalent characteristics.

Conclusion: T-PLL and PTCL-NOS may share common biological and clinical characteristics in Japanese patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.12856DOI Listing
May 2017

Clinical features and outcomes of patients with primary myelofibrosis in Japan: report of a 17-year nationwide survey by the Idiopathic Disorders of Hematopoietic Organs Research Committee of Japan.

Int J Hematol 2017 Jan 19;105(1):59-69. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

We conducted a 17-year nationwide survey (1999-2015) to elucidate the clinical outcomes of patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) in Japan. Questionnaires were sent annually to approximately 500 hematology departments. Newly diagnosed patients with PMF were enrolled in this study, and were followed up annually to collect prognostic information. Approximately 50 patients were enrolled per year, yielding a total of 780 patients with PMF included in this study. The median age at diagnosis was 66 years. At the time of analysis, the median survival duration was 47 months, and the 3-year overall survival rate was 59 %. Infection and disease transformation into acute leukemia were the most frequent causes of death. Of the proposed prognostic models for predicting the outcomes of PMF patients in Japan, the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System of PMF plus model was the most feasible. Forty-three patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) at a median of 343 days after diagnosis. This treatment significantly prolonged the survival of PMF patients, and the 3-year overall survival rate after first alloSCT was 84 %. A long-term registration study is required for further evaluation of prognosis and the impact of treatments on survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-016-2102-3DOI Listing
January 2017

Comparison of cyclosporine and tacrolimus combined with mycophenolate mofetil in prophylaxis for graft-versus-host disease after reduced-intensity umbilical cord blood transplantation.

Int J Hematol 2017 Jan 29;105(1):92-99. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Science, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Umbilical cord blood transplantation with a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen (RIC-UCBT) is used increasingly in patients who have comorbid organ functions and lack human leukocyte antigen-identical donors. We compared the outcomes in 35 patients who received mycophenolate mofetil plus cyclosporine (MMF/CSP, n = 17) or MMF plus tacrolimus (MMF/TAC, n = 18) for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after RIC-UCBT. Cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was 94 and 89 % in MMF/CSP and MMF/TAC groups, respectively (p = 0.34). The incidence of pre-engraftment immune reaction did not differ between the MMF/CSP (41 %) and MMF/TAC (39 %, p = 1.00) groups; however, patients in the MMF/TAC group tended to have a lower incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD than those in MMF/CSP group (28 vs 53 %, p = 0.11). Overall survival (OS) at 1 year was 43 and 60 % in MMF/CSP and MMF/TAC groups, respectively (p = 0.39). Progression-free survival, non-relapse mortality, and relapse rate were comparable between the two groups (p = 0.76, 0.59, and 0.88, respectively). In multivariate analyses, MMF/TAC GVHD prophylaxis was closely associated with improved OS, but not with incidence of engraftment and acute GVHD. These results suggest that more intensive GVHD prophylaxis with MMF/TAC decreased acute GVHD without affecting other clinical outcomes, resulting in improved OS after RIC-UCBT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-016-2093-0DOI Listing
January 2017

Efficacy of upfront high-dose chemotherapy plus rituximab followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for untreated high-intermediate-, and high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a multicenter prospective phase II study (JSCT-NHL04).

Int J Hematol 2016 Jun 21;103(6):676-85. Epub 2016 Mar 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Karatsu Matsuura Ishikai Hospital, Karatsu, Japan.

To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of upfront high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and rituximab (R) followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT) in patients with newly diagnosed high-intermediate(HI)-, and high(H)-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we conducted a multicenter prospective phase II trial. In 15-60-year-old patients with H- or HI-risk DLBCL, after three courses of (R-)CHOP14, high-dose etoposide was given prior to peripheral blood stem cell harvesting. After an additional three courses of (R-)CHOP14, auto-PBSCT was performed following HDCT. The primary endpoint of the study is progression-free survival (PFS) at 2 years after registration in eligible patients. The expected PFS and the threshold PFS were estimated to be 70 and 50 %, respectively. Among 40 eligible patients registered, 30 patients completed treatment. With a median observation period in surviving eligible patients of 63 months, the 2- and 4-year PFS after registration were 79.9 and 72.0 %, respectively. The 2- and 4-year overall survival (OS) were 92.5 and 84.6 %, respectively. In 30 patients who completed treatment, the 4-year PFS and OS after auto-PBSCT were 79.2 and 85.9 %, respectively. In conclusion, the results of our study suggest that upfront HDCT and auto-PBSCT combined with rituximab is highly effective as an initial treatment for HI-, and H-risk DLBCL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-016-1976-4DOI Listing
June 2016

A case of refractory multiple myeloma with proliferation of large granular lymphocytes by lenalidomide treatment and its association with clinical efficacy.

Mol Clin Oncol 2016 Apr 27;4(4):574-578. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan.

A 72-year-old Japanese male was diagnosed as having monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and was followed up without therapy. Three years later, the patient progressed to symptomatic multiple myeloma. Melphalan + prednisolone was administered as first-line chemotherapy for ~6 years. Since the patient was judged to exhibit refractory multiple myeloma, he subsequently received radiation therapy on the lumbar spine. The patient was enrolled in a clinical trial and received lenalidomide + lowdose dexamethasone (Rd) therapy. The patient achieved very good partial remission following four cycles of Rd. At this time, large granular lymphocytes (LGLs) increased to 25-40% of peripheral blood leukocytes, however, the LGLs were present in the blood (~8%) prior to lenalidomide treatment. By flow cytometry of surface antigens, it was revealed that the LGLs were positive for cluster of differnetiation (CD)2, 7, 8, 16, 56, and 57, and human leukocyte antigen-D related, however, were negative for CD3, 4 and 5, suggesting that these LGLs predominantly exhibited an natural killer (NK) cell phenotype. T-cell receptor β gene rearrangement was not detected by polymerase chain reaction. A Cr release assay was performed to investigate whether the NK cells actually possessed activity. A low level of M protein was sustained for ~15 months. This implied the enhancement of immune activation during lenalidomide treatment. The present case study suggested that LGL cells induced by lenalidomide may contribute to long-term restraint of myeloma cells. This immune system component may contribute to disease control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2016.747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4812539PMC
April 2016

Cord Blood Transplantation Following Reduced-intensity Conditioning for Adult-onset Inherited Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis.

Intern Med 2016 15;55(6):667-71. Epub 2016 Mar 15.

Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Japan.

Inherited hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a genetic anomaly disorder in which abnormally activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes cannot induce the apoptosis of target cells and antigen-presenting cells, leading to hemophagocytosis, pancytopenia, and a variety of symptoms such as a high fever. The present patient with adult-onset HLH developed refractory disease despite receiving immunosuppressive treatments. He underwent a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen that comprised antithymocyte globulin (ATG) followed by cord blood transplantation (RIC-CBT). He achieved and maintained a complete donor type. The incorporation of ATG into RIC-CBT may prevent graft failure and control hemophagocytosis, however, further efforts are necessary to reduce infectious complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.55.5241DOI Listing
October 2016

Graft-versus-Host Disease after HLA-Matched Sibling Bone Marrow or Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation: Comparison of North American Caucasian and Japanese Populations.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2016 Apr 4;22(4):744-751. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address:

The risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after HLA-matched sibling bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is lower in Japanese than in Caucasian patients. However, race may have differential effect on GVHD dependent on the graft source. North American Caucasian and Japanese patients receiving their first allogeneic BMT or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from an HLA-matched sibling for leukemia were eligible. BMT was performed in 13% of the Caucasian patients and in 53% of the Japanese patients. On multivariate analysis, the interaction term between race and graft source was not significant in any of the models, indicating that graft source does not affect the impact of race on outcomes. The risk of grade III or IV acute GVHD was significantly lower in the Japanese patients compared with the Caucasian patients (hazard ratio [HR], 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57 to 0.96), which resulted in lower risk of nonrelapse mortality in the Japanese patients (HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.89). The risk of relapse was also lower in this group. The lower risks of nonrelapse mortality and relapse resulted in lower overall mortality rates among the Japanese patients. In conclusion, our data indicate that irrespective of graft source, the risk of severe acute GVHD is lower in Japanese patients, resulting in a lower risk of nonrelapse mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.12.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4801761PMC
April 2016

Effects of conditioning intensity in allogeneic stem cell transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome‑positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Int J Hematol 2015 Dec;102(6):689-96

We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) who underwent first allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) at complete remission (CR) with myeloablative conditioning (MAC, n = 31) or reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC, n = 15) between 2001 and 2012. All the patients had received tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-based chemotherapy prior to allo-SCT. Overall survival (OS) rates (57 vs 63%, p = 0.53), leukemia-free survival rates (50 vs 65%, p = 0.29), and non-relapse mortality rates (39 vs 35%, p = 0.62) at 2 years were similar between the MAC and RIC groups. The minimal residual disease (MRD) status evaluated by sensitive polymerase chain reaction prior to allo-SCT did not influence the OS rate (77 vs 54%, p = 0.28) and leukemia-free survival rate (69 vs 51%, p = 0.48), irrespective of the conditioning intensity. Our data suggest that the RIC regimen may represent a sufficient intensity of therapeutic pre-transplant conditioning for patients with Ph+ALL who have maintained a hematological CR with TKI-combined chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-015-1883-0DOI Listing
December 2015
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