Publications by authors named "Koichiro Yamaoka"

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Recurrent ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation ablation and prior stroke: A study based on etiological classification.

J Arrhythm 2020 Feb 3;36(1):95-104. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Tokyo Medical and Dental University Tokyo Japan.

Background: Different subtypes of ischemic stroke may have different risk factors, clinical features, and prognoses. This study investigated the incidence and mode of stroke recurrence in patients with a history of stroke who underwent atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation.

Methods: Of 825 patients who underwent AF ablation from 2006 to 2016, 77 patients (9.3%, median age 69 years) with a prior ischemic stroke were identified. Patients were classified as those with prior cardioembolic (CE) stroke (n = 55) and those with prior non-CE stroke (n = 22). The incidence and pattern of stroke recurrence were investigated.

Results: The incidence of asymptomatic AF (54.5% vs 22.7%;  = .011) and left atrial volume (135.8 mL vs 109.3 mL;  = .024) was greater in the CE group than in the non-CE group. Anticoagulation treatment was discontinued at an average of 28.1 months following the initial ablation in 34 (44.2%) patients. None of the patients developed CE stroke during a median 4.1-year follow-up. In the non-CE group, 2 patients experienced recurrent non-CE stroke (lacunar infarction in 1 and atherosclerotic stroke in 1); however, AF was not observed at the onset of recurrent ischemic stroke.

Conclusions: In patients with a history of stroke who underwent catheter ablation for AF, the incidence of recurrent stroke was 0.54/100 patient-years. The previous stroke in these patients may not have been due to AF in some cases; therefore, a large-scale prospective study is warranted to identify the appro priate antithrombotic therapy for the prevention of potentially recurrent stroke.
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February 2020