Publications by authors named "Kirti Sinha"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Vibrational and conformational analysis of structural phase transition in Estradiol 17β valerate with temperature.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Dec 24;263:120219. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Instituto de Fìsica de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo,C.P 369, 13560-970,São Carlos, S P, Brazil.

Estradiol 17β valerate (E2V) is a hormonal medicine widely used in hormone replacement therapy. E2V undergoes a reversible isosymmetric structural phase transition at low temperature (̴ 250 K) which results from the reorientation of the valerate chain. The reversible isosymmetric structural phase transition follows Ehrenfest's classification when described as first-order and Buerger's classification when classified as order-disorder. The conformational difference also induces changes in molecular torsional angles and on the hydrogen bond pattern. In combination with density functional theory (DFT) calculations, vibrational spectroscopy has been used to correlate the valerate chain modes with the modifications of the dihedral angles on phase transition. We are expecting improvement in our understanding of the phase transition mechanism driven by the temperature. The Conformational analysis reveals the feasible structures corresponding to changes in the dihedral angles associated with the valerate chain. The infrared spectra of calculated conformers are in good agreement with the experimental spectra of E2V structure recorded at room temperature revealing that the changes in valerate chain modes at 1115 cm, 1200 cmand 1415 cm fingerprint the molecular conformation. An investigation made to determine the ligand-protein interaction of E2V through docking against estrogen receptor (ER) reveals the inhibitive and agonist nature of E2V.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2021.120219DOI Listing
December 2021

Study of molecular structure and hydrogen bond interactions in dipfluzine-benzoic acid (DIP-BEN) cocrystal using spectroscopic and quantum chemical method.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Jun 6;216:7-14. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, China.

The purpose of this article is to predict the molecular structure of the cocrystal of dipfluzine-benzoic acid (DIP-BEN) through computational approach (DFT calculations) and validate it using vibrational spectroscopic studies. The molecular structure of the DIP-BEN cocrystal has been predicted by forming models on the basis of the active sites available to form H-bonds between dipfluzine (DIP) and benzoic acid (BEN). Conformational study has been performed and potential energy surface scans are plotted around the flexible bonds of the cocrystal molecule and three stable conformers have been obtained. Quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) explains that all the interactions are medium and partially covalent in nature. Natural bond orbital analysis of the second order perturbation theory of the Fock matrix suggests that interactions LP (2) O2 → σ*(O74H75) and LP (2) F1 → σ* (O89H90) are responsible for the stabilization of the molecule. The HOMO and LUMO energies and electronic charge transfer (ECT) confirms that charge flows from BEN to DIP. Global reactivity descriptor parameters suggest that DIP-BEN cocrystal is softer, thus more reactive in comparison to DIP. Local reactivity descriptor parameter is used to predict reactive sites of the cocrystal. The experimental and theoretical results support the formation of cocrystal through strong hydrogen bond (O89H90⋯F1 and O74H75⋯O2) interactions present in cocrystal.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2019.01.092DOI Listing
June 2019

Combined spectroscopic and quantum chemical approach to study the effect of hydrogen bonding interactions in ezetimibe.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2019 Jan 13;206:246-253. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226007, India.

Molecular structure, chemical and physical reactivity, spectroscopic behavior, intermolecular interactions play an important role in understanding the biological nature of pharmaceutical drugs. The objective of the study is to combine the spectroscopic and computational methodology for the investigation of structural behavior of ezetimibe (EZT). Computational study was done on monomeric, dimeric and trimeric models of EZT using B3LYP/6-311G(d,p). Hydrogen bond interactions were taken into consideration to validate the theoretical results with the experimental one. Results obtained for trimeric model were better than monomer and dimer. HOMO-LUMO energy band gap shows that the chemical reactivity calculated using dimeric and trimeric model is higher than that of monomeric model. Higher value of electrophilicity index (ω = 2.5654 eV) also confirms that trimer behaves as a strong electrophile in comparison with monomer and dimer. To examine the hyperconjugation interactions and the stability of the molecule, natural bond analysis (NBO) was done on dimer and trimer of EZT. Nature and the strength of hydrogen bonds were examined by quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM). Binding energy calculated from counterpoise method was -7.40 kcal/mol for dimer and -21.47 kcal/mol for trimer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2018.08.023DOI Listing
January 2019

Spectroscopic and molecular structure (monomeric and dimeric model) investigation of Febuxostat: A combined experimental and theoretical study.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2018 Oct 22;203:1-12. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Pharmaceutics, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Punjab 160062, India.

Febuxostat (FXT) is a urate-lowering drug and xanthine oxidase inhibitor which is used for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout caused by increased levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia). The present study aims to provide deeper knowledge of the structural, vibrational spectroscopic and physiochemical properties of FXT based on monomeric and dimeric model with the aid of combination of experimental and computational methods. The conformational analysis of form Q has been done to predict the possible structure of unknown form A. Vibrational spectra of form A and Q has been compared to get an idea of hydrogen bonding interactions of form A. A computational study of FXT has been executed at different level (B3LYP, M06-2X, WB97XD) of theory and 6-31 G (d, p) basis set for dimeric model to elucidate the nature of intermolecular hydrogen bond. The red shift observed in the stretching modes of OH, CO groups and blue shift in stretching mode of CN group in experimental as well as in theoretical spectra explains the involvement of these groups in intermolecular hydrogen bonding. NBO analysis shows that change in electron density (ED) in the lone pair orbital to σ* antibonding orbital (LP1 (N39) → σ* (O3-H38)) with maximum value of E(2) energy confirms the presence of hydrogen bond (N39⋯H38-O3) leading to dimer formation. Study of topological parameters was executed for dimer using Bader's atoms in molecules (AIM) theory predicting the partially covalent nature of hydrogen bonds present in the molecule. The study of molecular electrostatic potential surface (MEPS) map ascertains that the CO, CN group are prone to electrophilic attack and OH group is active towards nucleophilic attack. The lower energy band gap and higher value of softness of dimeric model of FXT indicates its more reactivity, polarisability than monomeric model. The local reactivity descriptors predict the order of reactive sites towards electrophilic, nucleophilic and radical attack. An investigation made to determine the ligand protein interaction of FXT through docking with different molecular targets reveals the inhibitive as well as antibacterial nature of FXT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2018.05.074DOI Listing
October 2018

Study of conformational stability, structural, electronic and charge transfer properties of cladrin using vibrational spectroscopy and DFT calculations.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2014 Nov 14;132:615-28. Epub 2014 May 14.

Medicinal and Process Chemistry Division, Central Drug Research Institute, Sector 10, Jankipuram Extension, Lucknow 226 031, Uttar Pradesh, India.

In the present work, a detailed conformational study of cladrin (3-(3,4-dimethoxy phenyl)-7-hydroxychromen-4-one) has been done by using spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR/FT-Raman/UV-Vis/NMR) and quantum chemical calculations. The optimized geometry, wavenumber and intensity of the vibrational bands of the cladrin in ground state were calculated by density functional theory (DFT) employing 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. The study has been focused on the two most stable conformers that are selected after the full geometry optimization of the molecule. A detailed assignment of the FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra has been done for both the conformers along with potential energy distribution for each vibrational mode. The observed and scaled wavenumber of most of the bands has been found to be in good agreement. The UV-Vis spectrum has been recorded and compared with calculated spectrum. In addition, 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra have been also recorded and compared with the calculated data that shows the inter or intramolecular hydrogen bonding. The electronic properties such as HOMO-LUMO energies were calculated by using time-dependent density functional theory. Molecular electrostatic potential has been plotted to elucidate the reactive part of the molecule. Natural bond orbital analysis was performed to investigate the molecular stability. Non linear optical property of the molecule have been studied by calculating the electric dipole moment (μ) and the first hyperpolarizability (β) that results in the nonlinearity of the molecule.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.04.182DOI Listing
November 2014

Lamin misexpression upregulates three distinct ubiquitin ligase systems that degrade ATR kinase in HeLa cells.

Mol Cell Biochem 2012 Jun 1;365(1-2):323-32. Epub 2012 Mar 1.

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CSIR), Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007, India.

Lamins are the major structural components of the nucleus and mutations in the human lamin A gene cause a number of genetic diseases collectively termed laminopathies. At the cellular level, lamin A mutations cause aberrant nuclear morphology and defects in nuclear functions such as the response to DNA damage. We have investigated the mechanism of depletion of a key damage sensor, ATR (Ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated-and-Rad3-related) kinase, in HeLa cells expressing lamin A mutants or lamin A shRNA. The degradation of ATR kinase in these cells was through the proteasomal pathway as it was reversed by the proteasomal inhibitor MG132. Expression of lamin A mutants or shRNA led to transcriptional activation of three ubiquitin ligase components, namely, RNF123 (ring finger protein 123), HECW2 (HECT domain ligase W2) and the F-box protein FBXW10. Ectopic expression of RNF123, HECW2 or FBXW10 directly resulted in proteasomal degradation of ATR kinase and the ring domain of RNF123 was required for this degradation. However, these ligases did not alter the stability of DNA-dependent protein kinase, which is not depleted upon lamin misexpression. Although degradation of ATR kinase was reversed by MG132, it was not affected by the nuclear export inhibitor, leptomycin B, suggesting that ATR kinase is degraded within the nucleus. Our findings indicate that lamin misexpression can lead to deleterious effects on the stability of the key DNA damage sensor, ATR kinase by upregulation of specific components of the ubiquitination pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11010-012-1272-4DOI Listing
June 2012
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