Publications by authors named "Kirsten K Teumer"

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Cue-Based Feeding as Intervention to Achieve Full Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants Primarily Managed with Bubble CPAP.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Rehabilitation, the George Washington University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia.

Objective:  Cue-based feeding aims at matching introduction of per oral (PO) feeding with physiological readiness of preterm infants to facilitate PO intake and avoid oral aversion. It was claimed that cue-based feeding may lead to delay in the initiation or achieving full PO feeding in clinical setting primarily using bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The study aimed to examine the association of cue-based feeding with time of introduction and completing oral feeding in infants primarily managed with bubble CPAP.

Study Design:  A retrospective analysis where outcomes of preterm infants ≤32 weeks' gestational age (GA) and ≤2,000 g birth weight (BW) were compared after a practice change from volume-based feeding advancement to cue-based feeding. Continuous variables were compared by using -test and multilinear regression analysis to control for confounding variables.

Results:  Of the 311 preterm infants who met inclusion and exclusion criteria, 194 were in the cue-based feeding group and 117 were in the volume-based advancement historical comparison group. There were no differences between groups regarding demographic or clinical variables. Postmenstrual age (PMA) of initial feeding assessment was less in the cue-based feeding group. Age of first PO feeding and when some PO was achieved every feed was mildly delayed in the cue-based feeding compared with comparison group, 34 (±1.3) versus 33.7 (±1.2) weeks, and 36.2 (±2.3) versus 36.0 (±2.4) weeks, ( < 0.01) respectively. However, the age of achieving full PO did not differ between groups, 36.8 (±2.2) versus 36.4 (±2.4) weeks ( = 0.13). There was no difference between groups regarding growth parameters at 36 weeks' PMA or at discharge. Similar results were obtained when examining subcategories of infants ≤1,000 g and 1,001 to 2,000 g.

Conclusion:  Cue-based feeding may not be associated with a delay in achieving full oral feeding or prolongation of the length of stay in preterm infants managed with CPAP.

Key Points: · Cue-based feeding matches introduction of PO feeding with physiological readiness.. · Cue-based feeding may not be associated with a delay in achieving full oral feeding in preterm infants.. · Cue-based feeding is not associated with prolongation of the length of stay in preterm infants.. · Cue based feeding in preterm infants managed with noninvasive bubble CPAP is examined..
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June 2021