Publications by authors named "Kiran Shafiq Khan"

10 Publications

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Myths and conspiracy theories on vaccines and COVID-19: Potential effect on global vaccine refusals.

Vacunas 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Medical Research Unit, School of Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, 23111, Indonesia.

The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is one of the international crises and researchers are working collaboratively to develop a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine. The World Health Organization recognizes vaccine hesitancy as the world's top threat to public health safety, particularly in low middle-income countries. Vaccine hesitancy can be due to a lack of knowledge, false religious beliefs, or anti-vaccine misinformation. The current situation regarding anti-vaccine beliefs is pointing towards dreadful outcomes. It raises the concern that will people believe and accept the new COVID-19 vaccines despite all anti-vaccine movements and COVID-19-related myths and conspiracy theories. This review discusses the possible detrimental impact of myths and conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 and vaccine on COVID-19 vaccine refusals as well as other vaccine programs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vacun.2021.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7951562PMC
March 2021

Management of Spontaneous Chylothorax in a Neonate: A Medical Challenge.

Cureus 2021 Jan 27;13(1):e12942. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Internal Medicine, College of Physician and Surgeons Pakistan, Peshawar, PAK.

Chylothorax or collection of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space is an exceedingly rare cause of pleural effusion and respiratory distress in neonates. In adults, prompt diagnosis and effective treatment regimen can aid in the resolution of chylothorax; however, in neonates treating the condition can be an onerous challenge for the pediatricians due to the rarity and perplexing clinical presentation. We elucidate a case of spontaneous chylothorax in a 15-day-old neonate who presented to us with respiratory distress, chest indrawing, and cyanosis for nine days. The prenatal and birth history of the patient were insignificant. The detailed laboratory and radiological assessment of the patient divulged a diagnosis of spontaneous chylothorax for which the patient was intubated. Unfortunately, the patient deteriorated and eventually expired on the 23rd postnatal day due to the complications of respiratory acidosis and hypoxemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.12942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7920235PMC
January 2021

The COVID-19 Infodemic: A Quantitative Analysis Through Facebook.

Cureus 2020 Nov 5;12(11):e11346. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Medicine, Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi, PAK.

Background Social media is a crucial part of our daily life. Facebook, being the biggest social media platform, plays a significant role in the spread of information influencing the global response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Health care agencies like the World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) use social media as a platform to impart information regarding COVID-19; simultaneously, there is a spread of misinformation on social media, masking the credible sources of information. Our research aims to assess the utility of Facebook in providing misinformation and testing its "fact-check policy." Methods An online search was conducted on Facebook by a newly created account to eliminate bias. The Facebook search bar was used to investigate multiple keywords. Data were tabulated in Microsoft Excel (Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA). Descriptive statistical analysis of Facebook accounts and posts was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) while statistical importance was set a priority at a p-value of 0.05. Results Our study consisted of 454 Facebook posts. Most (22.5%) were posted by verified accounts and 23.9% by informal individual/group accounts. The tone for most (40.4%) COVID-19 information was serious while the most common (43.9%) topic was medical/public health. In total, 22.3% included misinformation, 19.6% were unverifiable, and 27.5% included correct information verifiable by the WHO or CDC. Conclusions Misinformation/unverifiable information related to the COVID-19 crisis is spreading at a distressing rate on social media. We quantified the misinformation and tested Facebook's "fact-check policy." We advise strict initiatives to control this infodemic and advise future researches to evaluate the accuracy of content being circulated on other social media platforms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.11346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7719473PMC
November 2020

Ischemic stroke leading to bilateral vision loss in COVID-19 patient-A rare case report.

J Med Virol 2021 02 29;93(2):683-685. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Dow Medical College, Dow University of Heath Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26484DOI Listing
February 2021

The Mental Health Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Across Different Cohorts.

Int J Ment Health Addict 2020 Jul 9:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Undergraduate Research Organization, Gerua Rd, Savar, Dhaka 1342 Bangladesh.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00367-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7347045PMC
July 2020

Ketogenic diet to alleviate symptoms of gout.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Jun;70(6):1111

Department of Biochemistry, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/JPMA.64633DOI Listing
June 2020

SARS-CoV-2 causes Kawasaki-like disease in children: Cases reported in Pakistan.

J Med Virol 2021 01 2;93(1):20-21. Epub 2020 Aug 2.

Kabir Medical College, Gandhara University, Peshawar, Pakistan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7405107PMC
January 2021

Brexanolone Therapy for Postpartum Depression.

J Pak Med Assoc 2020 Mar;70(3):565-566

Final Year MBBS Student, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Science, Karachi, Pakistan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/JPMA.48397DOI Listing
March 2020

Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl Syndrome: A Case Report.

Cureus 2019 Sep 10;11(9):e5618. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Internal Medicine, Civil Hospital Karachi, Karachi, PAK.

Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome (LMBBS), a rare autosomal recessive defect, mostly occurs in children born from consanguineous marriages. The major features of this syndrome are cone-rod dystrophy, polydactyly, obesity, learning disabilities, hypogonadism in males, renal anomalies, nystagmus, speech disorders, developmental delay, polyuria/polydipsia, ataxia, and poor coordination/clumsiness. In this report, we present a case of a 19-year-old man with pain and swelling of the left ankle and knee joints because of which he could not walk, with an onset of loose stools since a week. He presented with multiple non-itchy hyperpigmented macules on his face and back, polydactyly in his left foot, central obesity, proteinuria, macrocytic anemia, low intelligence quotient, reduced power in the left lower limb, reduced plantar reflexes, nystagmus, pigmented black lesions in the temporal retina on fundoscopy, a micropenis, absent pubic and axillary hair, and a small scrotum containing testes. The patient was diagnosed with LMBBS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.5618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820889PMC
September 2019

Impact of green tea consumption on the risk of Tuberculosis development - Letter to the Editor.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Sep;68(9):1421

Department of Biochemistry, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

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September 2018