Publications by authors named "Kim Winborn"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Aryl sulphonyl amides as potent agonists of the growth hormone secretagogue (ghrelin) receptor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009 Feb 14;19(3):684-7. Epub 2008 Dec 14.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry & DMPK, Neurology & GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

As part of an on-going lead optimisation effort, a cross screening exercise identified an aryl sulphonyl amide hit that was optimised to afford a highly potent series of ghrelin receptor agonists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.12.042DOI Listing
February 2009

Identification of small molecule agonists of the motilin receptor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2008 Dec 19;18(24):6423-8. Epub 2008 Oct 19.

Neurology & GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

High-throughput screening resulted in the identification of a series of novel motilin receptor agonists with relatively low molecular weights. The series originated from an array of biphenyl derivatives designed to target 7-transmembrane (7-TM) receptors. Further investigation of the structure-activity relationship within the series resulted in the identification of compound (22) as a potent and selective agonist at the motilin receptor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.10.071DOI Listing
December 2008

Design and synthesis of 6-phenylnicotinamide derivatives as antagonists of TRPV1.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2008 Oct 31;18(20):5609-13. Epub 2008 Aug 31.

Neurology CEDD, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

6-Phenylnicotinamide (2) was previously identified as a potent TRPV1 antagonist with activity in an in vivo model of inflammatory pain. Optimization of this lead through modification of both the biaryl and heteroaryl components has resulted in the discovery of 6-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-N-(2-methylbenzothiazol-5-yl)nicotinamide (32; SB-782443) which possesses an excellent overall profile and has been progressed into pre-clinical development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.08.105DOI Listing
October 2008

Potent achiral agonists of the growth hormone secretagogue (ghrelin) receptor. Part 2: Lead optimisation.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2008 Mar 15;18(6):2203-5. Epub 2007 Dec 15.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry & DMPK, Neurology & GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

A series of small molecule orally bioavailable ghrelin receptor agonists have been identified through systematic optimisation of a high throughput screening hit.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.12.021DOI Listing
March 2008

Potent achiral agonists of the ghrelin (growth hormone secretagogue) receptor. Part I: Lead identification.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2007 Dec 25;17(23):6584-7. Epub 2007 Sep 25.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry & DMPK, Neurology & GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

High throughput screening combined with efficient datamining and parallel synthesis led to the discovery of a novel series of indolines showing potent in vitro ghrelin receptor agonist activity and acceleration of gastric emptying in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.09.067DOI Listing
December 2007

Characterization of SB-705498, a potent and selective vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1/TRPV1) antagonist that inhibits the capsaicin-, acid-, and heat-mediated activation of the receptor.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2007 Jun 28;321(3):1183-92. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

Neurology and Gastrointestinal Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, Harlow, Essex, UK.

Vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel, predominantly expressed by sensory neurons, which plays a key role in the detection of noxious painful stimuli such as capsaicin, acid, and heat. TRPV1 antagonists may represent novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of a range of conditions including chronic pain, migraine, and gastrointestinal disorders. Here we describe the in vitro pharmacology of N-(2-bromophenyl)-N'-[((R)-1-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)]urea (SB-705498), a novel TRPV1 antagonist identified by lead optimization of N-(2-bromophenyl)-N'-[2-[ethyl(3-methylphenyl)amino]ethyl]urea (SB-452533), which has now entered clinical trials. Using a Ca(2+)-based fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) assay, SB-705498 was shown to be a potent competitive antagonist of the capsaicin-mediated activation of the human TRPV1 receptor (pK(i) = 7.6) with activity at rat (pK(i) = 7.5) and guinea pig (pK(i) = 7.3) orthologs. Whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology was used to confirm and extend these findings, demonstrating that SB-705498 can potently inhibit the multiple modes of receptor activation that may be relevant to the pathophysiological role of TRPV1 in vivo: SB-705498 caused rapid and reversible inhibition of the capsaicin (IC(50) = 3 nM)-, acid (pH 5.3)-, or heat (50 degrees C; IC(50) = 6 nM)-mediated activation of human TRPV1 (at -70 mV). Interestingly, SB-705498 also showed a degree of voltage dependence, suggesting an effective enhancement of antagonist action at negative potentials such as those that might be encountered in neurons in vivo. The selectivity of SB-705498 was defined by broad receptor profiling and other cellular assays in which it showed little or no activity versus a wide range of ion channels, receptors, and enzymes. SB-705498 therefore represents a potent and selective multimodal TRPV1 antagonist, a pharmacological profile that has contributed to its definition as a suitable drug candidate for clinical development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.106.116657DOI Listing
June 2007

Discovery of potent and stable conformationally constrained analogues of the MCH R1 antagonist SB-568849.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2006 Sep 12;16(18):4872-8. Epub 2006 Jul 12.

GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

A strategy of systematically targeting more rigid analogues of the known MCH R1 receptor antagonist, SB-568849, serendipitously uncovered a binding mode accessible to N-aryl-phthalimide ligands. Optimisation to improve the stability of this compound class led to the discovery of novel N-aryl-quinazolinones, benzotriazinones and thienopyrimidinones as selective ligands with good affinity for human melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.06.061DOI Listing
September 2006

SAR of biphenyl carboxamide ligands of the human melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH R1): discovery of antagonist SB-568849.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2006 Sep 12;16(18):4865-71. Epub 2006 Jul 12.

GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

We report here the discovery of a class of MCH R1 ligands based on a biphenyl carboxamide template. A docked-in model is presented indicating key interactions in the putative binding site of the receptor. Parallel high throughput synthetic techniques were utilised to allow rapid exploration of the structure-activity relationship around this template, leading to compound SB-568849 which possessed good receptor affinity and selectivity. This compound proved to be an antagonist with stability in vivo, an acceptable brain-blood ratio and oral bioavailability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.06.056DOI Listing
September 2006

N-Tetrahydroquinolinyl, N-quinolinyl and N-isoquinolinyl biaryl carboxamides as antagonists of TRPV1.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2006 Sep 27;16(17):4533-6. Epub 2006 Jun 27.

Neurology and GI Center of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Harlow, Essex, UK.

Starting from the high throughput screening hit (3), novel N-tetrahydroquinolinyl, N-quinolinyl and N-isoquinolinyl carboxamides have been identified as potent antagonists of the ion channel TRPV1. The N-quinolinylnicotinamide (46) showed excellent potency at human, guinea pig and rat TRPV1, a favourable in vitro DMPK profile and activity in an in vivo model of inflammatory pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2006.06.026DOI Listing
September 2006

Bicyclic heteroarylpiperazines as selective brain penetrant 5-HT6 receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2005 Nov;15(21):4867-71

Neurology and GI Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Starting from the potent and selective but poorly brain penetrant 5-HT6 receptor antagonist SB-271046, a successful strategy for improving brain penetration was adopted involving conformational constraint with concomitant reduction in hydrogen bond count. This provided a series of bicyclic heteroarylpiperazines with high 5-HT6 receptor affinity. 5-Chloroindole 699929 combined high 5-HT6 receptor affinity with excellent brain penetration and also had good oral bioavailability in both rat and dog.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.06.107DOI Listing
November 2005

Design and synthesis of trans-3-(2-(4-((3-(3-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazolyl))- phenyl)carboxamido)cyclohexyl)ethyl)-7-methylsulfonyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine (SB-414796): a potent and selective dopamine D3 receptor antagonist.

J Med Chem 2003 11;46(23):4952-64

GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex, CM19 5AW, UK.

At their clinical doses, current antipsychotic agents share the property of both dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptor blockade. However, a major disadvantage of many current medications are the observed extrapyramidal side-effects (EPS), postulated to arise from D(2) receptor antagonism. Consequently, a selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist could offer an attractive antipsychotic therapy, devoid of the unwanted EPS. Using SAR information gained in two previously reported series of potent and selective D(3) receptor antagonists, as exemplified by the 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine 10 and the 2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindoline 11, a range of 7-sulfonyloxy- and 7-sulfonylbenzazepines has been prepared. Compounds of this type combined a high level of D(3) affinity and selectivity vs D(2) with an excellent pharmacokinetic profile in the rat. Subsequent optimization of this series to improve selectivity over a range of receptors and reduce cytochrome P450 inhibitory potential gave trans-3-(2-(4-((3-(3-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxidiazolyl))phenyl)carboxamido)cyclohexyl)ethyl)-7-methylsulfonyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine (58, SB-414796). This compound is a potent and selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist with high oral bioavailability and is CNS penetrant in the rat. Subsequent evaluation in the rat has shown that 58 preferentially reduces firing of dopaminergic cells in the ventral tegmental area (A10) compared to the substantia nigra (A9), an observation consistent with a prediction for atypical antipsychotic efficacy. In a separate study, 58 has been shown to block expression of the conditioned place preference (CPP) response to cocaine in male rats, suggesting that it may also have a role in the treatment of cue-induced relapse in drug-free cocaine addicts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm030817dDOI Listing
November 2003

Pharmacological and immunohistochemical characterization of the APJ receptor and its endogenous ligand apelin.

J Neurochem 2003 Mar;84(5):1162-72

Neurology Centre of Excellence for Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW, UK.

Apelin peptides have recently been identified to be the endogenous ligands for the G protein-coupled receptor APJ. However, little is known about the physiological roles of this ligand-receptor pairing. In the present study we investigated the pharmacology of several apelin analogues at the human recombinant APJ receptor using radioligand binding and functional assays. This has led to the identification of key residues in the apelin peptide required for functional potency and binding affinity through structure-activity studies. In particular, we have identified that replacement of leucine in position 5, or arginine in position 2 and 4 of the C-terminal apelin peptide, apelin-13, resulted in significant changes in pharmacology. We also investigated the detailed localization of pre-proapelin and APJ receptor mRNA in a wide range of human, rat and mouse tissues using quantitative RT-PCR, and carried out a detailed immunohistochemical study of the distribution of the APJ receptor in rat brain and spinal cord. Interestingly, the APJ receptor was not only co-localized in white matter with GFAP in the spinal cord, but was also clearly localized on neurones in the brain, suggesting that this receptor and its peptide may be involved in a wide range of biological process yet to be determined.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1471-4159.2003.01587.xDOI Listing
March 2003