Publications by authors named "Khawaja Shakeel Ahmed"

2 Publications

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Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and among Food Handlers Working in Catering Establishments of Public Institutes Found in Dawuro Zone, South-Western Ethiopia.

J Parasitol Res 2021 13;2021:8889302. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Wolaita Zone Livestock and Fishery Resource Department, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Food borne disease, which is the result of ingestion of foodstuffs contaminated with microorganisms, parasites, or chemicals, encompasses a wide spectrum of illness and public health problem worldwide. Ethiopia is placed on second, third, and fourth position due to the highest burden of ascariasis, hookworm, and trichuriasis, respectively, in sub-Saharan Africa. The present study is aimed at determining the prevalence of and intestinal parasites among food handlers working in catering establishments of public institutes found in Dawuro Zone, South-Western Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study is conducted among food handlers working in catering establishments of public institutions found in Dawuro Zone from March to July 2019. The data was collected by using pretested structured questionnaires. Stool and blood samples were taken from each participant for parasitic examinations concurrently using direct and modified formol ether concentration wet smear techniques and Widal test by slide test and tube serial dilution technique, respectively. The data entered into Epi info version 3.5.1 and then exported into SPSS window version 20.0 for analysis. Logistic regressions were performed to assess the association between binary outcomes and different explanatory variables. value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Result: The study included 402 (293 females and 109 males) food handlers. Of 402 stool specimens, 20.4% were found to be positive for different parasite species, comprising protozoa (35.9%) and helminths (64.1%). . was the most prevalent parasite (8.0%), followed by . (4.23%). Twenty-six (6.5%) of food handlers were positive for Widal test. Ages ≥ 40 years (AOR: 0.436; 95% CI: 0.203, 0.937), attending no education (AOR: 2.142; 95% CI: 1.048, 4.378), not washing hands after using latrine (AOR: 4.355; 95% CI: 1.771, 10.708), not covering mouth with tissue paper (AOR: 0.530; 95% CI: 0.312, 0.899), no medical checkup (in the last four months) (AOR: 0.278; 95% CI: 0.116, 0.667), and untrimmed fingernails (AOR: 0.382; 95% CI: 0.229, 0.635) were significantly associated with intestinal parasitic or infections.

Conclusion: The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection (IPI) and among food handlers in the present study is relatively high compared to other different studies conducted in developed and developing countries. Therefore, biannually screening of food handlers for intestinal parasites (IPs) and periodic deworming of infected cases along with provision of food safety measures focusing on personal hygiene and environmental sanitation are recommended to control the parasitic infection in food handlers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/8889302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7826225PMC
January 2021

Neural stem cells & supporting cells--the new therapeutic tools for the treatment of spinal cord injury.

Indian J Med Res 2009 Oct;130(4):379-91

Care Hospital, The Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.

Stem cells play important role in the development and in the maintenance of specific tissues. They have been identified in majority of the organs like liver, blood, skin and intestine. Role of stem cells in regenerative medicine have been implicated in many chronic diseases. Stem cell research is a new opportunity to those patients whose organs are damaged or diseased. The discovery of stem cells in central and peripheral nervous system is relatively recent. Spinal cord injury is one of the major neurological disaster affecting mostly young lives. Stem cell transplantation in spinal cord injury patients have shown encouraging results. Different sources of stem cells are being exploited for spinal cord injury as well as other neurological disorders.
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October 2009
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