Publications by authors named "Khaled Younes"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Assessment of actinobacteria use in the elimination of multidrug-resistant bacteria of Ibn Tofail hospital wastewater (Marrakesh, Morocco): a chemometric data analysis approach.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Institut de Chimie des Milieux et Matériaux de Poitiers (IC2MP - CNRS UMR 7285), Université de Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet - TSA 51106, 86073, Poitiers Cedex 9, France.

The efficiency of the treatment of hospital wastewater by actinobacteria was investigated using two chemometric data analysis methods. Six strains of multi-resistant bacteria isolated from Marrakesh hospital wastewater and four strains of antagonistic actinobacteria isolated from Moroccan marine environment were characterized by fatty acids released as methyl esters by thermochemolysis-GC/MS. The hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and the principal component analysis (PCA) were used to correlate fatty acids (FA) distributions within strains. HCA allowed to discriminate between bacteria and actinobacteria. A lower Euclidean distance is noted for bacteria. With PCA, linear and branched-chained FAs correlated with bacteria whereas mono unsaturated FAs correlated more specifically with Gram (-) bacteria. Terminally branched-chained FAs correlated most likely with actinobacteria. A co-culture of actinobacteria and bacteria monitored during 15 days demonstrated the efficiency of the biological treatment for 2 of the 4 studied actinobacteria. The effect is more important on Gram-negative bacteria. Antagonistic actinobacteria seem to be poorly efficient against Gram-positive bacteria.
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January 2021

Antihypertensive efficacy and safety of a standardized herbal medicinal product of Hibiscus sabdariffa and Olea europaea extracts (NW Roselle): A phase-II, randomized, double-blind, captopril-controlled clinical trial.

Phytother Res 2020 Dec 29;34(12):3379-3387. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor, Malaysia.

Hypertension is a public health concern that needs immediate attention upon diagnosis. The demand for natural alternatives is on the rise; Hibiscus sabdariffa and Olea europaea are traditionally used for hypertension management in Egypt. In this study, we aimed to investigate the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of two doses of an herbal product of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyxes and Olea europaea leaves (NW Roselle) in Egyptian patients with grade 1 essential hypertension. We equally randomized 134 patients to receive captopril 25 mg, low-dose NW Roselle, or high-dose NW Roselle BID for 8 weeks. No significant decrease was found in systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure when we compared low-dose NW Roselle and high-dose NW Roselle to captopril (p > .05). In all groups, mean reduction in BP at 8 weeks was significant; 16.4/9.9 mmHg (p < .0001), 15.4/9.6 mmHg (p < .0001), and 14.9/9.4 mmHg (p < .0001) with captopril, low-dose NW Roselle, and high-dose NW Roselle respectively. In addition, low-dose NW Roselle induced a significant reduction in the mean level of triglycerides (17.56 mg/dL; p = .038). In conclusion, NW Roselle had comparable antihypertensive efficacy and safety to captopril in Egyptian patients with grade 1 essential hypertension.
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December 2020

Establishing an ECMO program in a developing country: challenges and lessons learned.

Perfusion 2019 09 14;34(6):508-515. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Aim: The ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) Program at the American University of Beirut Medical Center was established in November 2015 as the first program serving adult and pediatric population in a low-resource setting. The aim of the study is to describe the challenges faced during the establishment of the program and factors leading to its success.

Methods: The program establishment is described. The preparation phase, included the strategic, financial, and clinical planning by administration, nursing, and a multidisciplinary team of physicians. The training and education phase included all the involved nurses, perfusionists, and physicians. Concerns were heard from various stakeholders, and the challenges were analyzed and discussed.

Results: The preparation committee chose the adequate equipment, responded to the concerns, defined roles and responsibilities through credentialing and privileging, wrote policies and protocols, and established a strategy to decide for the ECMO indication. Selected team of nurses, physicians, and perfusionists are identified and trained locally, and abroad. A full-time ECMO physician was recruited to launch the program. Twelve patients (6 adults, 3 children, and 3 neonates) were supported by ECMO, for cardiac and respiratory indications. Eleven patients were supported by veno-arterial ECMO, and 1 patient (a neonate) with veno-venous ECMO. Overall, 75% survived to decannulation and 41% survived to discharge.

Conclusion: With limited human and financial resources, new ECMO centers need to carefully establish selection criteria that may differ from those used in developed countries. Indications should be discussed on a case by case basis, taking into account clinical, social, and financial issues. This experience might help other institutions in developing countries to build their own program despite financial and human limitations.
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September 2019

The role of bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 in mouse dentinogenesis.

Arch Oral Biol 2018 Jun 7;90:33-39. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Center for Craniofacial Research and Diagnosis, Texas A&M University College of Dentistry, Dallas, TX 75246, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play crucial roles in tooth development. However, several BMPs retain expression in the dentin of the fully patterned and differentiated tooth. We hypothesized that BMP signaling therefore plays a role in the function of the differentiated odontoblast, the job of which is to lay down and mineralize the dentin matrix.

Design: We generated mice deficient in Bmp2 and 4 using a dentin matrix protein 1 (Dmp1) promoter-driven cre recombinase that was expressed in differentiated odontoblasts.

Results: The first and second molars of these Bmp2 and Bmp4 double conditional knockout (DcKO) mice displayed reduced dentin and enlarged pulp chambers compared to cre-negative littermate controls. DcKO mouse dentin in first molars was characterized by small, disorganized dentinal fibers, a wider predentin layer, and reduced expression of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), and bone sialoprotein (BSP). DcKO mouse odontoblasts demonstrated increased type I collagen mRNA production, indicating that the loss of BMP signaling altered the rate of collagen gene expression in these cells. Bmp2 and Bmp4 single Dmp1-cre knockout mice displayed no discernable dentin phenotype.

Conclusions: These data demonstrate that BMP signaling in differentiated odontoblasts is necessary for proper dentin production in mature teeth.
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June 2018

Anti-apolipoprotein A-I antibodies and paraoxonase 1 activity in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

EXCLI J 2013 15;12:719-32. Epub 2013 Aug 15.

Toxicology and Narcotics Department, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Identification of at-risk patients and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in SLE remain elusive. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and anti-apolipoprotein A-I antibody (anti-Apo A-I) appear to have a potential role in premature atherosclerosis in SLE. The aim of this work was to study PON1 activity and anti-Apo A-I antibody in SLE female patients and to demonstrate their relations to disease activity as well as disease related damage. Forty SLE female patients and 40 apparently healthy volunteers were included. Anti-Apo A-I antibodies levels and PON1 activity levels were assessed. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and systemic Lupus International Collaboration Clinics (SLICC)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) damage index were preformed in all patients. Compared with controls, SLE patients showed significantly lower PON1 activity and significantly higher titers of anti-Apo A-I. Anti-Apo A-I antibody titers correlated inversely with PON1 activity. Elevated titers of anti-Apo A-I antibody and reduced PON activity were related to increased SLEDAI and (SLICC/ACR) damage index scores. We concluded that there is decreased PON1 activity and formation of anti-Apo A-I antibodies in female patients with SLE. SLE-disease activity assessed by SLEDAI and SLE disease related organ damage assessed by SLICC/ACR damage index are negatively correlated with PON1 activity and positively correlated with anti-Apo A-I antibodies. PON1 activity and anti-Apo A-I antibodies might be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in SLE patients.
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December 2015

Gastrointestinal malformations in two infants born to women with hyperthyroidism untreated in the first trimester.

Am J Perinatol 2003 Feb;20(2):59-62

Obstetrics and Gynecology, The American University of Beirut Medical Center, New York, New York 10022, USA.

We report two infants with gastrointestinal anomalies: one with esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula and the other with biliary tree atresia, born to hyperthyroid women diagnosed and treated with methimazole after 14 weeks' gestation. Euthyroidism was documented in both infants. These cases raise the issue of whether untreated hyperthyroidism and not methimazole intake is the teratogen.
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February 2003