Publications by authors named "Khaled S El-Bayoumi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Novel Mechanism for Memantine in Attenuating Diabetic Neuropathic Pain in Mice via Downregulating the Spinal HMGB1/TRL4/NF-kB Inflammatory Axis.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sinai University, El-Arish, North Sinai 45511, Egypt.

Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) is a common diabetic complication that currently lacks an efficient therapy. The aim of the current work was to uncover the anti-allodynic and neuroprotective effects of memantine in a model of mouse diabetic neuropathy and its ameliorative effect on the high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1)/toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-k B (NF-kB) inflammatory axis. Diabetes was prompted by an alloxan injection (180 mg/kg) to albino mice. On the ninth week after diabetes induction, DNP was confirmed. Diabetic mice were randomly allocated to two groups (six mice each); a diabetes mellitus (DM) group and DM+memantine group (10 mg/kg, daily) for five weeks. DNP-related behaviors were assessed in terms of thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia by hot-plate and von Frey filaments. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were used to measure the spinal glutamate, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The spinal levels of N-methyl-D-aspartate type 1 receptor (NMDAR1), HMGB1, TLR4, and phosphorylated NF-kB were assessed using Western blotting. Histopathological investigation of the spinal cord and sciatic nerves, together with the spinal cord ultrastructure, was employed for assessment of the neuroprotective effect. Memantine alleviated pain indicators in diabetic mice and suppressed excessive NMDAR1 activation, glutamate, and pro-inflammatory cytokine release in the spinal cord. The current study validated the ability of memantine to combat the HMGB1/TLR4/NF-kB axis and modulate overactive glutamate spinal transmission, corroborating memantine as an appealing therapeutic target in DNP.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2021

Isoliquiritigenin attenuates inflammation and modulates Nrf2/caspase-3 signalling in STZ-induced aortic injury.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Mar;73(2):193-205

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The current study provides evidence on the ameliorative impact of Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a natural bioflavonoid isolated from licorice roots against diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced aortic injury in rats.

Methods: DM was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by single I.P. injection of STZ (50 mg/kg). ISL was administrated daily (20 mg/kg, orally) for 8 wks.

Key Findings: Diabetic group showed a significant aortic injury with evidence of atherosclerotic lesions development. Daily ISL (20 mg/kg, orally) administration for 8 wks significantly restored aortic oxidative/antioxidative stress homeostasis via modulating NrF-2/Keap-1/HO-1. Moreover, ISL treatment restored aortic levels of IL-10 and dampened aortic levels of IL-6 and TNF-α. Caspase-3 expression significantly declined as well. Further, ISL treatment successfully suppressed aortic endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression and restored NO contents, eNOS immunostaining paralleled with retraction in atherosclerotic lesions development, and lipid deposition with histopathological architectural preservation and restoration of almost normal aortic thickness.

Conclusion: ISL can be proposed to be an effective protective therapy to prevent progression of DM-induced vascular injury and to preserve aortic integrity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021