Publications by authors named "Khaled Marzouk"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy of 4-hour rescue therapeutic plasma exchange in severe septic shock patients.

Rom J Intern Med 2020 Jun;58(2):75-80

Department of Critical Care, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Early intervention for septic shock is crucial to reduce mortality and improve outcome. There is still a great debate over the exact time of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) administration in septic shock patients. This study aims to investigate the effect of early initiation (within 4 hours) of TPE in severe septic shock on hemodynamics & outcome.

Methods: We conducted a prospective, before-after case series study on 16 septic shock patients requiring high doses of vasopressors admitted in two ICUs from Cairo, Egypt. All of our patients received TPE within 4 hours of ICU admission. The fresh frozen plasma exchange volume = 1.5 × plasma volume.

Results: In the 16 patients included in the study, mean arterial pressure was significantly improved after the initial TPE (p < 0.002) and norepinephrine dose which significantly reduced post TPE (p < 0.001). In addition, norepinephrine dose to mean arterial pressure significantly improved (p < 0.001). There was reduction of a net 6 hours fluid balances following the first TPE were observed in all the patients (p < 0.03) by a mean of 757 ml. Systemic vascular resistance index was markedly improved post-TPE along with statistically improved cardiac index (p < 0.01). Stroke volume variance was also significantly decreased after the TPE sessions (p < 0.01). C-reactive protein significantly improved after TPE (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: Early initiation of TPE in severe septic shock patients might improve hemodynamic measures.
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June 2020

Therapeutic Plasma Exchange Outcomes in Cairo University Hospitals: 6 Years Experience.

Ther Apher Dial 2018 Dec 15;22(6):666-673. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology Unit, Cairo University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.

Therapeutic plasma exchange is used in treating different immunological and non-immunological diseases. We analyzed the outcome of 308 patients treated by 1783 membrane plasma exchange sessions from January 2011 until January 2017 at Cairo University Hospital. Thrombotic microangiopathies were the commonest indication [73 (23.7%) patients] with response in 63/73 patients (86.3%), followed by systemic vasculitis with pulmonary-renal involvement [40(13%) patients] with recovery in 32/40 patients (80.0%), Guillain-Barré syndrome [39(12.7%) patients] with recovery in 30/39 patients (76.9%), myasthenia gravis [31(10.1%) patients] with response in 26/31 patients (83.9%), and catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome [28(9.1%) patients] with recovery in only 6/28 patients (21.4%). Complications included hypotension [276/1783 (15.5%) sessions], hypocalcemia [26/308 (8.5%) patients], and 37/308 (12%) patients died. Sepsis caused mortality in 29/37 (78.4%) of patients. In conclusion, our therapeutic plasma exchange experience shows a favorable outcome for thrombotic microangiopathies, systemic vasculitis, myasthenia gravis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Sepsis was the leading mortality cause.
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December 2018

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level is negatively associated with serum phosphorus level among stage 3a-5 chronic kidney disease patients.

Nefrologia 2018 Sep - Oct;38(5):514-519. Epub 2018 May 26.

Nephrology unit, Internal Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) negatively correlates with serum phosphorus level of stage 3a-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. So far, no explanation has been provided for this negative association.

Objective: To confirm this negative association and determine if this relationship is mediated through other known co-morbid factors.

Cases And Methods: One hundred (57 male and 43 female) pre-dialysis stage 3a-5 CKD patients were selected. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and intact fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) were assessed. A correlation analysis between serum 25(OH)D and the different parameters studied was performed. Multivariate linear regression analysis was carried out to determine predictors of 25(OH)D.

Results: The negative association between serum 25(OH)D and serum P was confirmed in univariate and multivariate correlation analysis. On the other hand, we failed to detect a significant association between 25(OH)D and serum FGF23. Serum P is the most important independent predictor of 25(OH)D in these patients (partial R=0.15, p<0.0001).

Conclusion: Serum P is likely to have a direct negative impact on serum 25(OH)D. Further studies are needed to determine the underlying mechanism.
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October 2019