Publications by authors named "Khadijeh Shadjoo"

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Fertility outcome after laparoscopic treatment of advanced endometriosis in two groups of infertile patients with and without ovarian endometrioma.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2016 Jun 12;201:46-50. Epub 2016 Mar 12.

Independent Research Consultant, FACOG, Iran; Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: To evaluate the result of laparoscopic endometrioma excision in fertility outcome of advanced endometriosis patients.

Study Design: The study was designated as historical cohort, in a private referral center of advance laparoscopy. 111 infertile patients, diagnosed as endometriosis, were divided in two groups: DIE (deep infiltrative endometriosis) and endometrioma (case group), and patients with only DIE (without endometrioma ((control group). All patients underwent global laparoscopic resection of DIE lesion (both groups) and laparoscopic excisional cystectomy of endometrioma (case groups). Patients were followed for fertility outcomes and data were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier test and COX regression using SPSS software.

Results: After adjusting covariates, the Kaplan-Meier analysis of cumulative pregnancy rates (CPR) did not show any statistical significance between cases (35.6%) and controls (39.5%) (Log-rank P-value=0.959). The COX regression analysis of covariates showed there is no significant relationship between cystectomy and fertility outcome. It showed statistical significance effect of age (hazard ratio [HR]=0.772), years of infertility (HR=0.224), and previous endometrioma surgery (HR=0.180), on fertility chance.

Conclusion: In advanced endometriosis with DIE and infertility, fine excision and stripping of the endometrioma along with radical resection of DIE improves fecundity without any significant adverse effect in comparison with patients with intact ovaries.
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June 2016