Publications by authors named "Kenway Hoey"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pre-clinical characterization of aryloxypyridine amides as histamine H3 receptor antagonists: identification of candidates for clinical development.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Jul 16;20(14):4210-4. Epub 2010 May 16.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The pre-clinical characterization of novel aryloxypyridine amides that are histamine H(3) receptor antagonists is described. These compounds are high affinity histamine H(3) ligands that penetrate the CNS and occupy the histamine H(3) receptor in rat brain. Several compounds were extensively profiled pre-clinically leading to the identification of two compounds suitable for nomination as development candidates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.05.041DOI Listing
July 2010

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of norfluoxetine in rats: Increasing extracellular serotonin level in the frontal cortex.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2009 May 5;92(3):469-73. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L. L. C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Norfluoxetine is the most important active metabolite of the widely used antidepressant fluoxetine. Although the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) relationship and neurochemical profile of fluoxetine is well characterized in human and in animals, little is known about the effect of its metabolite. The aim of this study was to characterize extracellular level of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT)-time profile of norfluoxetine after acute administration over 18 h post dose and to establish the relationship between this pharmacodynamic (PD) profile and its pharmacokinetic (PK) properties. Following subcutaneous administration of fluoxetine in rats, plasma and brain PK of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine were monitored respectively by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). The extracellular level of 5-HT in the frontal cortex was measured by microdialysis as a PD endpoint. Norfluoxetine when directly administrated to rats caused a significant increase in extracellular level of 5-HT in the frontal cortex and maintained for 18 h. This result is correlated well with higher plasma and brain concentration and longer plasma and brain retention time of norfluoxetine. Our results showed that norfluoxetine contributes to 5-HT transporter inhibition and extends fluoxetine efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2009.01.023DOI Listing
May 2009

Identification and optimization of anthranilic sulfonamides as novel, selective cholecystokinin-2 receptor antagonists.

J Med Chem 2006 Oct;49(21):6371-90

Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

A high throughput screening approach to the identification of selective cholecystokinin-2 receptor (CCK-2R) ligands resulted in the discovery of a novel series of antagonists, represented by 1-[2-[(2,1,3-benzothiadiazol-4-ylsulfonyl)amino]-5-chlorobenzoyl]-piperidine (1; CCK-2R, pK(I) = 6.4). Preliminary exploration of the structure-activity relationships around the anthranilic ring and the amide and sulfonamide moieties led to a nearly 50-fold improvement of receptor affinity and showed a greater than 1000-fold selectivity over the related cholecystokinin-1 receptor. Pharmacokinetic evaluation led to the identification of 4-[4-iodo-2-[(5-quinoxalinylsulfonyl)amino]benzoyl]-morpholine, 26d, a compound that demonstrates promising pharmacokinetic properties in the rat and dog with respect to plasma clearance and oral bioavailability and is a potent inhibitor in vivo of pentagastrin-stimulated acid secretion in the rat when dosed orally.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm060590xDOI Listing
October 2006

Identification and biological evaluation of 4-(3-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-yl)piperazine-1-carboxylic acid (5-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-yl)amide, a high affinity TRPV1 (VR1) vanilloid receptor antagonist.

J Med Chem 2005 Mar;48(6):1857-72

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

High throughput screening using the recombinant human TRPV1 receptor was used to identify a series of pyridinylpiperazine ureas (3) as TRPV1 vanilloid receptor ligands. Exploration of the structure-activity relationships by parallel synthesis identified the essential pharmacophoric elements for antagonism that permitted further optimization via targeted synthesis to provide a potent orally bioavailable and selective TRPV1 modulator 41 active in several in vivo models.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm0495071DOI Listing
March 2005