Publications by authors named "Kazuto Natsume"

7 Publications

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A phase I, dose-escalation study of oral PIM447 in Japanese patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.

Int J Hematol 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

PIM447, a pan-proviral integration site for Moloney leukemia (PIM) kinase inhibitor, has shown preclinical activity in multiple myeloma (MM). This phase I, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study aimed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose for expansion (RDE) of PIM447 in Japanese patients with relapsed and/or refractory (R/R) MM. The study included 13 patients (250 mg once daily (QD), [n = 7]; 300 mg QD, [n = 6]). The sole dose-limiting toxicity observed was grade 3 QTc prolongation in one patient from the 300 mg group, and the MTD and RDE was not determined. The most common suspected PIM447-related adverse events (AEs) included thrombocytopenia (76.9%), anemia (53.8%), and leukopenia (53.8%). All patients experienced at least one grade 3 or 4 AE, most frequently thrombocytopenia or leukopenia (61.5% each). The overall response rate was 15.4%, disease control rate 69.2%, clinical benefit rate 23.1%, and two patients had a partial response (one in each dose group). Two patients treated with 250 mg QD had a progression-free survival > 6 months. PIM447 250 mg or 300 mg QD was tolerated in Japanese patients with R/R MM. Further studies are required to evaluate clinical outcomes of PIM447 in combination with other drugs for the treatment of MM.Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov: (NCT02160951).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-021-03096-9DOI Listing
February 2021

Efficacy and safety of tisagenlecleucel in Japanese pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed/refractory B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Int J Hematol 2020 Feb 11;111(2):303-310. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Division of Oncology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Tisagenlecleucel is an autologous T cell genetically modified ex vivo using a lentiviral vector encoding an anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor. Here, we present the efficacy and safety of tisagenlecleucel in a subgroup of Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory (r/r) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ELIANA was a single-arm, open-label, multicenter, phase 2 study. Patients were aged ≥ 3 years at screening to ≤ 21 years at the time of diagnosis, and had ≥ 5% lymphoblasts in bone marrow at screening. Primary endpoint was overall remission rate [ORR; complete remission (CR) + CR with incomplete blood recovery (CRi)] within 3 months after infusion. As of April 13, 2018, eight patients were enrolled and six had been infused. ORR was 66.7% (95% confidence interval 22.3-95.7); three patients achieved CR and one patient had CRi. All patients with CR/CRi were negative for minimal residual disease. One patient had CR/CRi lasting 19.5 + months. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurological events occurred in 83% and 17% of patients, respectively. CRS resolved with anti-cytokine therapy and supportive care. Two deaths occurred due to disease progression. No cases of cerebral edema were observed. Tisagenlecleucel produced high remission rates and durable responses offering a new treatment option for Japanese pediatric and young adults with r/r B-ALL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-019-02771-2DOI Listing
February 2020

Phase I dose-escalation study of capmatinib (INC280) in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Cancer Sci 2019 Apr 20;110(4):1340-1351. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan.

Capmatinib is a highly specific, potent and selective MET inhibitor. This was an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation, phase I study conducted in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors (not selected based on their MET status). The primary objective was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or highest studied dose being safe. Secondary objectives included safety, pharmacokinetics and preliminary antitumor activity. Dose escalation was guided by a Bayesian Logistic Regression Model dependent on dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) in cycle 1. Of 44 adult Japanese patients with confirmed advanced solid tumors enrolled, 29 received capmatinib capsules (doses ranging from 100 mg once daily [q.d.] to 600 mg twice daily [b.i.d.]) and 15 received tablets (200 mg b.i.d. and 400 mg b.i.d.). DLT occurred in two patients: grade 2 suicidal ideation (600 mg b.i.d. capsule) and grade 3 depression (400 mg b.i.d. tablet). MTD was not reached. The highest studied dose determined to be safe as tablet was 400 mg b.i.d., whereas it is not yet determined for capsules. Most common adverse events suspected to be drug-related were increased blood creatinine, nausea, decreased appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. Following repeated daily dosing up to day 15 by q.d. or b.i.d. regimen using capsules, median time to reach maximum plasma drug concentration (T ) was 1.0-4.0 hours; absorption was more rapid after dosing using tablets, with median T of 1.0 hour on both days 1 and 15. Eight patients had a best overall response of stable disease. These data support further clinical development of capmatinib.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.13956DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447844PMC
April 2019

Phase I study of alpelisib (BYL719), an α-specific PI3K inhibitor, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Cancer Sci 2019 Mar 30;110(3):1021-1031. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

This phase I study aimed to determine tolerability and preliminary efficacy of single-agent alpelisib (BYL719) in Japanese patients with advanced solid malignancies. The primary objective of the study was to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of oral alpelisib in patients with advanced solid tumors who had progressed despite standard therapy. The expansion part included patients with PIK3CA mutation/amplification; safety, preliminary efficacy, pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic profile, and food effect on the PK profile of alpelisib at the MTD/RP2D were determined. Oral alpelisib was given as a single agent on a continuous 28-day treatment cycle once daily. Overall, 33 patients received alpelisib. Dose-limiting toxicities were observed in 2 patients in the escalation part (at 400 mg/day) and 1 patient in the expansion part (at 350 mg/day). The RP2D of alpelisib was determined as 350 mg/day based on overall safety profile in the dose escalation part and previous data from a Western population; the MTD was not determined. The most common all-grade treatment-suspected adverse events were hyperglycemia and maculopapular rash (48.5% each) and diarrhea (45.5%). The PK of alpelisib in the Japanese population was similar to that reported in the Western population. The overall response rate, disease control rate, and median progression-free survival at 350 mg/day were 3%, 57.6%, and 3.4 months, respectively. Alpelisib as single agent showed a favorable safety profile and encouraging preliminary efficacy in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.13923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398875PMC
March 2019

A phase I study of single-agent BEZ235 special delivery system sachet in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 02 16;83(2):289-299. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Division of Medical Oncology/Hematology, Department of Medicine, Kobe University Hospital, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.

Purpose: BEZ235 is a dual kinase inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and mammalian target of rapamycin, which are key components of the PI3K pathway. This was an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation, phase I study of single-agent BEZ235 in Japanese oncology patients to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BEZ235 based on dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs).

Methods: Dose escalation was guided by a standard 3 + 3 method and was based on DLTs observed in Cycle 1 and other safety, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic information. A total of 35 adult Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors received BEZ235 according to once daily (qd; n = 27) or twice daily (bid; n = 8) dosing schedules.

Results: Two DLTs, namely, allergic reaction and thrombocytopenia, were observed at 1200 and 1400 mg qd, respectively, while liver dysfunction was reported as a DLT at 400 mg bid. The most common adverse events suspected to be related to BEZ235 in both dosing schedules were diarrhea, nausea, decreased appetite, stomatitis, and thrombocytopenia.

Conclusions: Although the MTD was not established, the maximum clinically tolerable dose was determined to be 1200 mg because two out of six patients required dose reduction in Cycle 2. The recommended dose was determined to be 1000 mg qd, which was comparable with the results of the first-in-human BEZ235 study in Western patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT00620594). Additionally, the tolerability of BEZ235 400 mg bid in Japanese oncology patients was confirmed in this study. CLINICALTRIALS.

Gov Identifier: NCT01195376.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-018-3725-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394493PMC
February 2019

A randomized dose-escalation study to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of ruxolitinib (INC424) in healthy Japanese volunteers.

Int J Hematol 2013 Mar 5;97(3):351-9. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Medical Co. LTA, Sumida Hospital, 29-1, Honjo 1-Cyome, Sumida-ku, Tokyo, 130-0004, Japan.

Ruxolitinib (INC424), a potent and selective oral Janus kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor, was recently approved by the US food and drug administration for the treatment of intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis. The safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of ruxolitinib have been extensively evaluated in healthy subjects and patients. The present study is the first to investigate the PK and tolerability of ruxolitinib in the Japanese population. Forty subjects were randomized to receive single (10-100 mg) and multiple (10 and 25 mg every 12 h) doses of ruxolitinib or placebo. Cohorts were sequentially enrolled based on the outcome of safety assessments. Ruxolitinib was rapidly absorbed, and its exposure increased dose proportionally up to 100 mg. The half-life of ruxolitinib was approximately 3 h, and drug accumulation was not observed after repeated dosing at a 12-h dosing interval. Decreasing absolute neutrophil counts were observed in five Japanese subjects treated once (100 mg, n = 1) or twice (10 mg, n = 3; 25 mg, n = 1) daily. These events were manageable and reversible upon drug discontinuation. Orally administered ruxolitinib was well tolerated in healthy Japanese volunteers. There were no apparent differences in the safety or PK of ruxolitinib between Japanese and non-Japanese subjects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-013-1280-5DOI Listing
March 2013

Design and synthesis of a metabolically stable and potent antitussive agent, a novel delta opioid receptor antagonist, TRK-851.

Bioorg Med Chem 2008 Sep 29;16(17):7956-67. Epub 2008 Jul 29.

Pharmaceutical Research Laboratories, Toray Industries, Inc., 6-10-1 Tebiro, Kamakura, Kanagawa 248-8555, Japan.

We have previously reported on antitussive effect of (5R,9R,13S,14S)-17-cyclopropylmethyl-6,7-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-5',6'-dihydro-3-methoxy-4'H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolino[2',1':6,7]morphinan-14-ol(1b) methanesulfonate (TRK-850), a selective delta opioid receptor antagonist which markedly reduced the number of coughs in a rat cough model. We designed TRK-850 based on naltrindole (NTI), a typical delta opioid receptor antagonist, to improve its permeability through the blood-brain barrier by introducing hydrophobic moieties to NTI. The ED(50) values of NTI and compound 1b by intraperitoneal injections were 104 microg/kg and 2.07 microg/kg, respectively. This increased antitussive potency probably resulted from the improved brain exposure of compound 1b. However, 1b was extremely unstable toward metabolism by cytochrome P450. In this study, we designed and synthesized compound 1b derivatives to improve the metabolic instability, which resulted in affording highly potent and metabolically stable oral antitussive agent (5R,9R,13S,14S)-17-cyclopropylmethyl-6,7-didehydro-4,5-epoxy-8'-fluoro-5',6'-dihydro-4'H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolino[2',1':6,7]morphinan-3,14-diol (1c) methanesulfonate (TRK-851).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2008.07.065DOI Listing
September 2008