Publications by authors named "Kazem Samadi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Preconditioning Effect of Remifentanil Versus Fentanyl in Prevalence of Early Graft Dysfunction in Patients After Liver Transplant: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Exp Clin Transplant 2020 10 6;18(5):598-604. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

From the Department of Anesthesia, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Fars, Iran.

Objectives: One of the most prevalent complications of orthotopic liver transplant is primary graft dysfunction. Recent studies have shown the preconditioning effect of remifentanil on animal livers but not human livers. Here, we compared the preconditioning effects of remifentanil and fentanyl in orthotopic liver transplant in human patients.

Materials And Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial, 100 patients who underwent liver transplant from deceased donors were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Patients in the remifentanil group received remifentanil infusion, and those in the fentanyl group received fentanyl infusion during maintenance of anesthesia. Serum aminotransferase levels, prothrombin time (international normalized ratio), partial thrombin time, arterial blood gas levels, and renal function tests were evaluated over 7 days posttransplant. Intensive care unit stay and hospitalization were also recorded.

Results: The median peak alanine aminotransferase level during 7 days after transplant was 2100 U/L (interquartile range, 1230-3220) in the remifentanil group and 3815 U/L (interquartile range, 2385-5675) in the fentanyl group (P = .048). Metabolic acidosis, renal state, prothrombin time (international normalized ratio), and partial thrombin time were similar in both groups (P > .05). Durations of stay in the intensive care unit and hospital were not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .75 and P = .23, respectively). Overall, the clinical outcomes were similar in the remifentanil and fentanyl groups (P > .05).

Conclusions: We found that remifentanil and fentanyl were not different with regard to their preconditioning effects and graft protection in orthotopic liver transplant recipients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.2019.0014DOI Listing
October 2020

The Impact of Preoperative Variables on Intraoperative Blood Loss and Transfusion Requirements During Orthotopic Liver Transplant.

Exp Clin Transplant 2019 08 12;17(4):507-512. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: Liver transplant traditionally and potentially is associated with the risk of massive blood loss and transfusion, which can adversely affect transplant outcomes. Many variables influence the amount of bleeding, and these can be categorized as patient related, surgery related, and graft related. We aimed to assess the effects of these variables on the amount of bleeding and transfusion during liver transplant; predicting the risk of massive blood loss can help transplant teams to select and manage patients more effectively.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively studied 754 patients who underwent liver transplant from 2013 to 2016 and analyzed more than 20 variables that could influence the volume of blood loss and packed cell transfusion.

Results: We found that at least 4 variables are strongly and independently correlated with blood loss volume: age, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, warm ischemia time, and total bilirubin. Furthermore, intraoperative blood loss had a weak but clinically important correlation with the underlying disease (ie, the cause of liver cirrhosis). Some variables, including international normalized ratio, platelet count, albumin, serum urea nitrogen, creatinine level, sodium level, and the amount of ascites, could be considered as 'dependent' and weak predictors of massive blood loss. Sex of patient, cold ischemia time, surgery technique, and history of previous abdominal surgery were not correlated with the amount of bleeding.

Conclusions: With the use of the variables identified, we can properly select patients and surgical teams and promptly use modalities for decreasing and managing blood loss.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.2016.0325DOI Listing
August 2019