Publications by authors named "Kavitha Rethanavelu"

5 Publications

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Oncologist-led counselling improves access to cancer genetic testing in middle-income Asian country, with no significant impact on psychosocial outcomes.

J Med Genet 2021 Feb 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Gynaeoncology, Hospital Wanita Dan Kanak-Kanak Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.

Background: Identifying patients with mutations is clinically important to inform on the potential response to treatment and for risk management of patients and their relatives. However, traditional referral routes may not meet clinical needs, and therefore, mainstreaming cancer genetics has been shown to be effective in some high-income and high health-literacy settings. To date, no study has reported on the feasibility of mainstreaming in low-income and middle-income settings, where the service considerations and health literacy could detrimentally affect the feasibility of mainstreaming.

Methods: The Mainstreaming Genetic Counselling for Ovarian Cancer Patients (MaGiC) study is a prospective, two-arm observational study comparing oncologist-led and genetics-led counselling. This study included 790 multiethnic patients with ovarian cancer from 23 sites in Malaysia. We compared the impact of different method of delivery of genetic counselling on the uptake of genetic testing and assessed the feasibility, knowledge and satisfaction of patients with ovarian cancer.

Results: Oncologists were satisfied with the mainstreaming experience, with 95% indicating a desire to incorporate testing into their clinical practice. The uptake of genetic testing was similar in the mainstreaming and genetics arm (80% and 79%, respectively). Patient satisfaction was high, whereas decision conflict and psychological impact were low in both arms of the study. Notably, decisional conflict, although lower than threshold, was higher for the mainstreaming group compared with the genetics arm. Overall, 13.5% of patients had a pathogenic variant in or and there was no difference between psychosocial measures for carriers in both arms.

Conclusion: The MaGiC study demonstrates that mainstreaming cancer genetics is feasible in low-resource and middle-resource Asian setting and increased coverage for genetic testing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2020-107416DOI Listing
February 2021

De novo variants in CELF2 that disrupt the nuclear localization signal cause developmental and epileptic encephalopathy.

Hum Mutat 2021 Jan 10;42(1):66-76. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Biochemistry, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.

We report heterozygous CELF2 (NM_006561.3) variants in five unrelated individuals: Individuals 1-4 exhibited developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) and Individual 5 had intellectual disability and autistic features. CELF2 encodes a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling RNA-binding protein that has multiple roles in RNA processing and is involved in the embryonic development of the central nervous system and heart. Whole-exome sequencing identified the following CELF2 variants: two missense variants [c.1558C>T:p.(Pro520Ser) in unrelated Individuals 1 and 2, and c.1516C>G:p.(Arg506Gly) in Individual 3], one frameshift variant in Individual 4 that removed the last amino acid of CELF2 c.1562dup:p.(Tyr521Ter), possibly resulting in escape from nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), and one canonical splice site variant, c.272-1G>C in Individual 5, also probably leading to NMD. The identified variants in Individuals 1, 2, 4, and 5 were de novo, while the variant in Individual 3 was inherited from her mosaic mother. Notably, all identified variants, except for c.272-1G>C, were clustered within 20 amino acid residues of the C-terminus, which might be a nuclear localization signal. We demonstrated the extranuclear mislocalization of mutant CELF2 protein in cells transfected with mutant CELF2 complementary DNA plasmids. Our findings indicate that CELF2 variants that disrupt its nuclear localization are associated with DEE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.24130DOI Listing
January 2021

A case of G1013R FBN1 mutation: A potential genotype-phenotype correlation in severe Marfan syndrome.

Am J Med Genet A 2020 06 21;182(6):1329-1335. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

LKS Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Marfan Syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder with a wide range of severities. Ninety-five percent of MFS probands have a mutation in the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1); however, there are a high number of unique mutations complicating attempts at establishing any phenotype-genotype correlations for this disease (Tiecke et al., European Journal of Human Genetics, 2001, 9, 13-21). One of the few extant genotype-phenotype correlations is in exon 24-32 which have been associated with a severe pediatric presentation of neonatal MFS with predominately cardiovascular symptoms. We present a 24-year-old male patient with a heterozygous de novo variant NM_000138.4: c.3037G>A (p.G1013R) located in exon 25 of the FBN1 gene. The patient was found to have dysplastic mitral and tricuspid valves with dilated aortic root at 9 months of age. This is a notable case in that the location of this patient's mutation and his age of symptom onset would indicate a guarded prognosis. Further, this mutation, FBN1 G1013R, has been reported in the literature in four other unrelated patients all of whom presented at a young age with cardiac involvement and all of whom had relative longevity when compared to other patients with mutations in this exon 24-32 hot spot. These findings may represent a more specific genotype-phenotype correlation within this mutational hot spot.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.61567DOI Listing
June 2020

Phenotypic and mutational spectrum of 21 Chinese patients with Alström syndrome.

Am J Med Genet A 2020 02 22;182(2):279-288. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Alström syndrome (AS) is a monogenic syndromic ciliopathy caused by mutations in the ALMS1 (Alström Syndrome 1) gene. A total of 21 subjects with AS from 20 unrelated Chinese families were recruited. Our cohort consists of 9 females and 12 males, between 5 months and 20 years old. The first symptom(s) appeared between 3 and 24 months. They were recorded to be either visual impairments (83%) or dilated cardiomyopathy (17%). Median time from symptom onset to seeking medical attention was 6 months (3-36 months) and the median time needed to reach the final molecular diagnosis is 54 months (6-240 months). System involvement at the time of the survey was as follows: visual symptoms (100%), hearing Impairment (67%), endocrine symptoms (43%), neurological symptoms (19%), hepatic symptoms (14%), and renal Involvement (14%). These findings are comparable to data reported in the literature. However, the proportion of subjects with cognitive impairment (33%) and behavioral problems (19%) were higher. Thirty-three unique mutations were identified in the ALMS1 gene, of which 18 are novel mutations classified as pathogenic/likely pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) guideline. Four recurrent mutations were identified in the cohort, in particular; c.2084C>A, p. (Ser695Ter), is suggestive to be a founder mutation in people of Chinese ancestry. The participation of AS subjects of differing ethnicities is essential to improve the algorithm in facial recognition/phenotyping, as well as to understand the mutation spectrum beyond than just those of European ancestry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.61412DOI Listing
February 2020

Coffin-Lowry syndrome in Chinese.

Am J Med Genet A 2019 10 9;179(10):2043-2048. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is a well-described syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, growth retardation, recognizable dysmorphic features, and skeletal changes. It is an X-linked syndrome where males are more severely affected and females have high variability in clinical presentations. This case series reports nine molecularly confirmed Chinese CLS patients from six unrelated families (three with familial variants and three with de novo variants). There is a wide genotypic spectrum with five novel variants in RPS6KA3 gene. Clinical phenotype and facial features of these Chinese CLS patients are comparable to what has been described in other ethnicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.61323DOI Listing
October 2019