Publications by authors named "Katrien Lagrou"

100Publications

In-depth analysis of pneumococcal serotypes in Belgian children (2015-2018): Diversity, invasive disease potential, and antimicrobial susceptibility in carriage and disease.

Vaccine 2021 Jan 9;39(2):372-379. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium.

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January 2021

Amphotericin B and Other Polyenes-Discovery, Clinical Use, Mode of Action and Drug Resistance.

J Fungi (Basel) 2020 Nov 27;6(4). Epub 2020 Nov 27.

VIB-KU Leuven Center for Microbiology, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.

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November 2020

Immunoassays for anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies: recent insights.

Lancet Infect Dis 2020 Oct 30. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Clinical Department of Laboratory Medicine and National Reference Centre for Respiratory Pathogens, University Hospitals Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

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October 2020

Gene Mutation Prevalence in Triazole-Resistant Clinical Isolates.

J Fungi (Basel) 2020 Oct 16;6(4). Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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October 2020

Belgian National Survey on Tinea Capitis: Epidemiological Considerations and Highlight of Terbinafine-Resistant with a Mutation on SQLE Gene.

J Fungi (Basel) 2020 Sep 29;6(4). Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Belgian National Reference Center for Mycoses, University Hospital of Liege, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

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September 2020

Symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 reinfection by a phylogenetically distinct strain.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Sep 5. Epub 2020 Sep 5.

KU Leuven, Rega Institute Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology, Leuven, Belgium.

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September 2020

Cefepime therapeutic drug monitoring: Evaluation of agreement between peripheral and central venous blood sampling.

Clin Chim Acta 2020 Nov 12;510:450-454. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Pharmacy Department, UZ Leuven and Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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November 2020

Antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and nucleoprotein evaluated by four automated immunoassays and three ELISAs.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2020 Nov 31;26(11):1557.e1-1557.e7. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Clinical Department of Laboratory Medicine and National Reference Centre for Respiratory Pathogens, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

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November 2020

Dynamic changes in paediatric invasive pneumococcal disease after sequential switches of conjugate vaccine in Belgium: a national retrospective observational study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 01 20;21(1):127-136. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola, Unité de Maladies Infectieuses Pédiatriques, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

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January 2021

as an emerging opportunistic pathogen: First case of superinfection in herpetic keratitis.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Sep 25;19:100791. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Catholic University Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

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September 2020

Comparison of the diagnostic performance with whole blood and plasma of four rapid antibody tests for SARS-CoV-2.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2020 09;58(10):e197-e199

Clinical Department of Laboratory Medicine and National Reference Center for Respiratory Pathogens, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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September 2020

Pathogenic Allodiploid Hybrids of Aspergillus Fungi.

Curr Biol 2020 Jul 4;30(13):2495-2507.e7. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, 465 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37235, USA; Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1211 Medical Center Drive, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address:

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July 2020

Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Guidance on Behalf of the International Fetal Medicine and Surgery Society.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2020 6;47(9):689-698. Epub 2020 May 6.

Fetal Medicine Unit, Ontario Fetal Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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September 2020

Solid organ donation after death from listeria encephalitis: A case report.

Transpl Infect Dis 2020 Jun 30;22(3):e13295. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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June 2020

Prospective evaluation of the turbidimetric β-D-glucan assay and two lateral flow assays on serum in invasive aspergillosis.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Leuven, Belgium.

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March 2020

European confederation of medical mycology expert consult-An ECMM excellence center initiative.

Mycoses 2020 Jun 13;63(6):566-572. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department I of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Center for Integrated Oncology Aachen Bonn Cologne Dusseldorf (CIO ABCD), Excellence Center for Medical Mycology (ECMM), University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

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June 2020

A Mortality Prediction Rule for Hematology Patients with Invasive Aspergillosis Based on Serum Galactomannan Kinetics.

J Clin Med 2020 Feb 24;9(2). Epub 2020 Feb 24.

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2020

Analytical Performance of the RIDASCREEN Hantavirus Puumala IgG/IgM ELISA Assay.

Viruses 2020 02 18;12(2). Epub 2020 Feb 18.

National Reference Center for Hantavirus, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2020

Potential of Gallium as an Antifungal Agent.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 11;9:414. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

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August 2020

Serial Detection of Circulating Mucorales DNA in Invasive Mucormycosis: A Retrospective Multicenter Evaluation.

J Fungi (Basel) 2019 Dec 3;5(4). Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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December 2019

A decade of enterovirus genetic diversity in Belgium.

J Clin Virol 2019 12 25;121:104205. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

KU Leuven, Rega Institute, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, Laboratory of Clinical & Epidemiological Virology, BE-3000, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Laboratory Medicine and National Reference Center for Respiratory Pathogens and Enteroviruses, University Hospitals Leuven, BE-3000, Leuven, Belgium.

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December 2019

Global guideline for the diagnosis and management of mucormycosis: an initiative of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology in cooperation with the Mycoses Study Group Education and Research Consortium.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 12 5;19(12):e405-e421. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

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December 2019

Infectious disease consultation lowers candidaemia mortality.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 12 24;19(12):1270-1272. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Department of General Internal Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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December 2019

Hospital Laboratory Survey for Identification of in Belgium.

J Fungi (Basel) 2019 Sep 5;5(3). Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Quality of Laboratories, Sciensano, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

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September 2019

Gliotoxin and bis(methylthio)gliotoxin are not reliable as biomarkers of invasive aspergillosis.

Mycoses 2019 Oct 12;62(10):945-948. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Transplantation, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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October 2019

Migrating a lab-developed MERS-CoV real-time PCR to 3 "Sample to Result" systems: experiences on optimization and validation.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2019 Aug 10;94(4):349-354. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

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August 2019

Systemic antifungal drug use in Belgium-One of the biggest antifungal consumers in Europe.

Mycoses 2019 Jun 7;62(6):542-550. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.

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June 2019

Comment on: Improving access to appropriate post-exposure doxycycline for Lyme disease prophylaxis: role for community pharmacies.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2019 05;74(5):1464-1465

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven, Belgium.

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May 2019

Letermovir for prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus manifestations in adult allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.

Future Microbiol 2019 02 15;14:175-184. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Hematology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2019

Active neuroborreliosis or inflammation: are the diagnostic guidelines at stake?

Acta Neurol Belg 2019 Jun 17;119(2):207-214. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Neuroradiology, AZ St Dimpna, Geel, Belgium.

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June 2019

First case of infection in Belgium in a surgical patient from Kuwait.

Acta Clin Belg 2020 Jun 4;75(3):221-228. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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June 2020

Switch in childhood pneumococcal vaccine in Belgium.

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 09;18(9):945-946

National Reference Centre for Streptococcus pneumoniae, University Hospitals Leuven, Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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September 2018

Switch in a childhood pneumococcal vaccination programme from PCV13 to PCV10: a defendable approach?

Lancet Infect Dis 2018 08 11;18(8):830-831. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

National Reference Centre for Streptococcus pneumoniae, University Hospitals Leuven, Campus Gasthuisberg, 3000 Belgium; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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August 2018

Clonal Spread of Candida glabrata Bloodstream Isolates and Fluconazole Resistance Affected by Prolonged Exposure: a 12-Year Single-Center Study in Belgium.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2018 08 27;62(8). Epub 2018 Jul 27.

BCCM/IHEM Fungal Collection, Service of Mycology and Aerobiology, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.

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August 2018

A Multimodal Imaging Approach Enables Assessment of Antifungal Treatment in a Mouse Model of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2018 07 26;62(7). Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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July 2018

Galactomannan, a Surrogate Marker for Outcome in Invasive Aspergillosis: Finally Coming of Age.

Front Microbiol 2018 4;9:661. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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April 2018

A Framework for Understanding the Evasion of Host Immunity by Biofilms.

Front Immunol 2018 16;9:538. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Laboratory of Translational Immunology, VIB Center for Brain and Disease Research, Leuven, Belgium.

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May 2019

Triazole resistance surveillance in Aspergillus fumigatus.

Med Mycol 2018 Apr;56(suppl_1):83-92

Center of Expertise in Mycology Radboudumc/CWZ, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

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April 2018

Bronchoscopic fibered confocal fluorescence microscopy for longitudinal in vivo assessment of pulmonary fungal infections in free-breathing mice.

Sci Rep 2018 02 14;8(1):3009. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Biomedical MRI unit/MoSAIC, Department of Imaging and Pathology, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49 O & N1 box 505, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2018

Aspergillus fumigatus Detection and Risk Factors in Patients with COPD-Bronchiectasis Overlap.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Feb 9;19(2). Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2018

EQUAL Candida Score: An ECMM score derived from current guidelines to measure QUAlity of Clinical Candidaemia Management.

Mycoses 2018 May 20;61(5):326-330. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

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May 2018

Antibiotic Resistance Plasmids Cointegrated into a Megaplasmid Harboring the Carbapenemase Gene.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2018 03 23;62(3). Epub 2018 Feb 23.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Medical Microbiology, Groningen, The Netherlands.

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March 2018

Antifungal Activity of Oleylphosphocholine on and Biofilms.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2018 01 21;62(1). Epub 2017 Dec 21.

KU Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Heverlee-Leuven, Belgium.

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January 2018

Multicentre validation of 4-well azole agar plates as a screening method for detection of clinically relevant azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2017 Dec;72(12):3325-3333

Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

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December 2017

Increasing candidaemia incidence from 2004 to 2015 with a shift in epidemiology in patients preexposed to antifungals.

Mycoses 2018 Feb 15;61(2):127-133. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology and Mycology, University of Leuven, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

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February 2018

Prevalence and seasonality of six respiratory viruses during five consecutive epidemic seasons in Belgium.

J Clin Virol 2017 09 23;94:72-78. Epub 2017 Jul 23.

Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, KU Leuven. Herestraat 49 box 1040, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium; University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

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September 2017

Diversity of Pneumocystis jirovecii Across Europe: A Multicentre Observational Study.

EBioMedicine 2017 Aug 29;22:155-163. Epub 2017 Jun 29.

Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Saint-Louis-Lariboisière-Fernand-Widal, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Institut Pasteur, CNRS, Unité de Mycologie Moléculaire, Centre National de Référence Mycoses Invasives et Antifongiques, URA3012, Paris, France.

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August 2017

Improving outcome of fungal diseases - Guiding experts and patients towards excellence.

Mycoses 2017 Jul 12;60(7):420-425. Epub 2017 May 12.

Section of Infectious Diseases and Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

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July 2017