Publications by authors named "Kathy P Theall"

2 Publications

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A multicenter retrospective study on clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcome in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Oncologist 2011 24;16(3):310-8. Epub 2011 Feb 24.

Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Background: There is a paucity of information on the clinical presentation and outcome of elderly hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We performed a multicenter retrospective comparative study to assess the impact of age on potential differences in clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and outcome in HCC patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed HCC patients treated at two U.S. tertiary institutions from 1998 to 2008. Demographics, tumor parameters, etiology and severity of cirrhosis, treatment, and survival from diagnosis were collected and analyzed. After exclusion of transplanted patients, survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models.

Results: Three hundred thirty-five HCC patients were divided into two groups: "elderly" (95 patients, age ≥ 70 years) and "younger" (240 patients, aged <70 years). The male/female (M/F) ratio was 5.8:1 and 1.7:1 in the younger and elderly groups, respectively (p < .0001). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rate was 48.3% in younger and 21.1% in elderly patients (p < .0001); Child class B and C cirrhosis accounted for 35.8% in younger and 25.3% in elderly patients (p = .063). Compared with younger patients, the elderly received transplant less frequently (19.6% versus 5.3%, p = .0002) and were more likely to receive supportive care only (22.9% versus 36.8%, p = .01). No significant differences between the two age groups were seen in tumor parameters or other treatments received. Overall (p = .47) and HCC-specific survival rates (p = .38) were similar in both age groups.

Conclusions: Characteristics that distinguish elderly from younger HCC patients include lower M/F ratio, worse performance status, lower rate of HCV infection, and less advanced underlying cirrhosis. Elderly patients were less likely to have a liver transplant and more likely to receive supportive care only. However, overall and HCC-specific survival were similar between the two groups.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2010-0223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3228108PMC
August 2011

Frequent pathologic complete responses in aggressive stages II to III breast cancers with every-4-week carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel with or without trastuzumab: a Brown University Oncology Group Study.

J Clin Oncol 2009 Oct 31;27(28):4693-700. Epub 2009 Aug 31.

Department of Medicine, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel +/- weekly trastuzumab in resectable and locally advanced breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: Women with stages IIA to IIIB disease received carboplatin dosed by six times the area under the curve every 4 weeks and paclitaxel 80 mg/m(2) weekly for 16 weeks, and weekly trastuzumab was added for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive status. The primary end point was the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, defined as the absence of invasive disease in the breast and axillary nodes. Postoperative therapies were at the discretion of the treating physicians.

Results: Fifty-five patients were enrolled, and of these 43 had resectable disease. The median age was 54 years (range, 31 to 74 years). Treatment was well tolerated; there were no episodes of febrile neutropenia or grade 4 thrombocytopenia, and there were only two instances of grade 3 peripheral neuropathy. Overall, the pCR rate was 45%. The pCR rate was 43% (95% CI, 28% to 58%) in patients with resectable disease. Higher pCR rates occurred in patients with HER2-positive tumors (76% v 31% for HER2-negative tumors; P = .003), with estrogen receptor (ER) -negative tumors (75% v 27% for ER-positive tumors; P = .001), or with triple-negative tumors (67% v 12% ER-positive and HER2-negative tumors; P = .002). At a median of 28 months postoperation, recurrence-free survival (RFS) was 88.7%. If patients with ER-positive and HER2-negative tumors are excluded from analysis, patients who achieved a pCR were less likely to experience disease recurrence (RFS, 86%) than those who did not achieve a pCR (RFS, 75%).

Conclusion: Neoadjuvant carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel +/- trastuzumab achieve high pCR rates in patients with HER2-positive and triple-negative disease without exposure to an anthracycline. Preliminary RFS results are encouraging but are likely influenced by adjuvant therapy received. Additional study of this regimen in high-risk patients is warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2008.21.4163DOI Listing
October 2009