Publications by authors named "Kathrin von der Haar"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Electroporation: A Sustainable and Cell Biology Preserving Cell Labeling Method for Adipogenous Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Biores Open Access 2019 29;8(1):32-44. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Institute of Technical Chemistry, Leibniz University Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Human mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (AD-hMSCs) represent a promising source for tissue engineering and are already widely used in cell therapeutic clinical trials. Until today, an efficient and sustainable cell labeling system for cell tracking does not exist. We evaluated transient transfection through electroporation for cell labeling and compared it with lentiviral transduction for AD-hMSCs. In addition, we tested whether nonsense DNA or a reporter gene such as enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) is the more suitable label for AD-hMSCs. Using electroporation, the transfection efficiency reached a maximal level of 44.6 ± 1.1% EGFP-positive cells after selective and expansive cultivation of the mixed MSC population, and was 44.5 ± 1.4% after gene transfer with Cyanin3-marked nonsense-label DNA, which remained stable during 2 weeks of nonselective cultivation (37.2 ± 4.7% positive AD-hMSCs). Electroporation with both nonsense DNA and pEGFP-N1 led to a slight growth retardation of 45.2% and 59.1%, respectively. EGFP-transfected or transduced AD-hMSCs showed a limited adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation capacity, whereas it was almost unaffected in cells electroporated with the nonsense-label DNA. The nonsense DNA was detectable through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for at least 5 weeks/10 passages and in differentiated AD-hMSCs. EGFP-labeled cells were trackable for 24 h and served as testing cells with new materials for dental implants for 7 days. In contrast, lentivirally transduced AD-hMSCs showed an altered natural immune phenotype of the AD-hMSCs with lowered expression of two cell type defining surface markers (CD44 and CD73) and a relevantly decreased cell growth by 71.8% as assessed by the number of colony-forming units. We suggest electroporation with nonsense DNA as an efficient and long-lasting labeling method for AD-hMSCs with the comparably lowest negative impact on the phenotype or the differentiation capacity of the cells, which may, therefore, be suitable for tissue engineering. In contrast, EGFP transfection by electroporation is efficient but may be more suitable for cell tracking within cell therapies without MSC differentiation procedures. Since current protocols of lentiviral gene transduction include the risk of cell biological alterations, electroporation seems advantageous and sustainable enough for hMSC labeling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/biores.2019.0001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6445215PMC
March 2019

Optimization of Cyanine Dye Stability and Analysis of FRET Interaction on DNA Microarrays.

Biology (Basel) 2016 Nov 30;5(4). Epub 2016 Nov 30.

Institute of Technical Chemistry, Leibniz University Hanover, Callinstr. 5, 30167 Hanover, Germany.

The application of DNA microarrays for high throughput analysis of genetic regulation is often limited by the fluorophores used as markers. The implementation of multi-scan techniques is limited by the fluorophores' susceptibility to photobleaching when exposed to the scanner laser light. This paper presents combined mechanical and chemical strategies which enhance the photostability of cyanine 3 and cyanine 5 as part of solid state DNA microarrays. These strategies are based on scanning the microarrays while the hybridized DNA is still in an aqueous solution with the presence of a reductive/oxidative system (ROXS). Furthermore, the experimental setup allows for the analysis and eventual normalization of Förster-resonance-energy-transfer (FRET) interaction of cyanine-3/cyanine-5 dye combinations on the microarray. These findings constitute a step towards standardization of microarray experiments and analysis and may help to increase the comparability of microarray experiment results between labs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biology5040047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5192427PMC
November 2016

The Impact of Photobleaching on Microarray Analysis.

Biology (Basel) 2015 Sep 11;4(3):556-72. Epub 2015 Sep 11.

Institute of Technical Chemistry, Leibniz University Hanover, Callinstr. 5, 30167 Hanover, Germany.

DNA-Microarrays have become a potent technology for high-throughput analysis of genetic regulation. However, the wide dynamic range of signal intensities of fluorophore-based microarrays exceeds the dynamic range of a single array scan by far, thus limiting the key benefit of microarray technology: parallelization. The implementation of multi-scan techniques represents a promising approach to overcome these limitations. These techniques are, in turn, limited by the fluorophores' susceptibility to photobleaching when exposed to the scanner's laser light. In this paper the photobleaching characteristics of cyanine-3 and cyanine-5 as part of solid state DNA microarrays are studied. The effects of initial fluorophore intensity as well as laser scanner dependent variables such as the photomultiplier tube's voltage on bleaching and imaging are investigated. The resulting data is used to develop a model capable of simulating the expected degree of signal intensity reduction caused by photobleaching for each fluorophore individually, allowing for the removal of photobleaching-induced, systematic bias in multi-scan procedures. Single-scan applications also benefit as they rely on pre-scans to determine the optimal scanner settings. These findings constitute a step towards standardization of microarray experiments and analysis and may help to increase the lab-to-lab comparability of microarray experiment results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biology4030556DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4588150PMC
September 2015
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