Publications by authors named "Katerina Vitkova"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Serum C-peptide level correlates with the course of muscle tissue healing in the rabbit model of critical limb ischemia.

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2019 Jun 7;163(2):132-140. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Radiodiagnostic Institute, University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic Corresponding author: Vaclav Prochazka, e-mail.

Aim: The therapeutic potential of adipose-derived stem cell conditioned medium (ASC-CM) was studied in the rabbit model of critical limb ischemia (CLI).

Methods: Rabbits received treatment with ASC-CM or placebo. Gastrocnemius muscle tissue was collected 35 days after ischemia induction. Ischemic changes were evaluated in hematoxylin-eosin stained tissues for early (necrotic lesions/granulation tissue) and late (fibrous scars) phases of tissue repair. The expression of proangiogenic miR-126 was also evaluated using in situ hybridization. The levels of cytokines, insulin, and C-peptide were measured in blood.

Results: Early repair phases were observed more often in placebo-treated samples (45.5%) than in ASC-CM-treated ones (22.2%). However, the difference was not statistically significant. We demonstrated a statistically significant positive correlation between the early healing phases in tissue samples and C-peptide levels in peripheral blood. The expression of proangiogenic miR-126 was also shown in a number of structures in all phases of ischemic tissue healing.

Conclusion: Based on our results, we believe that treatment with ASC-CM has the potential to accelerate the healing process in ischemic tissues in the rabbit model of CLI. The whole healing process was accompanied by miR-126 tissue expression. C-peptide could be used to monitor the course of the tissue healing process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2018.048DOI Listing
June 2019

The Role of miR-126 in Critical Limb Ischemia Treatment Using Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Therapeutic Factor Concentrate and Extracellular Matrix Microparticles.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Jan 26;24:511-522. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

NeuroFX, LLC, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

BACKGROUND Paracrine factors secreted by adipose-derived stem cells can be captured, fractionated, and concentrated to produce therapeutic factor concentrate (TFC). The present study examined whether TFC effects could be enhanced by combining TFC with a biological matrix to provide sustained release of factors in the target region. MATERIAL AND METHODS Unilateral hind limb ischemia was induced in rabbits. Ischemic limbs were injected with either placebo control, TFC, micronized small intestinal submucosa tissue (SIS), or TFC absorbed to SIS. Blood flow in both limbs was assessed with laser Doppler perfusion imaging. Tissues harvested at Day 48 were assessed immunohistochemically for vessel density; in situ hybridization and quantitative real-time PCR were employed to determine miR-126 expression. RESULTS LDP ratios were significantly elevated, compared to placebo control, on day 28 in all treatment groups (p=0.0816, p=0.0543, p=0.0639, for groups 2-4, respectively) and on day 36 in the TFC group (p=0.0866). This effect correlated with capillary density in the SIS and TFC+SIS groups (p=0.0093 and p=0.0054, respectively, compared to placebo). A correlation was observed between miR-126 levels and LDP levels at 48 days in SIS and TFC+SIS groups. CONCLUSIONS A single bolus administration of TFC and SIS had early, transient effects on reperfusion and promotion of ischemia repair. The effects were not additive. We also discovered that TFC modulated miR-126 levels that were expressed in cell types other than endothelial cells. These data suggested that TFC, alone or in combination with SIS, may be a potent therapy for patients with CLI that are at risk of amputation.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5795917PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/msm.905442DOI Listing
January 2018

Therapeutic Potential of Adipose-Derived Therapeutic Factor Concentrate for Treating Critical Limb Ischemia.

Cell Transplant 2016 30;25(9):1623-1633. Epub 2015 Oct 30.

Radiodiagnostic Institute, University Hospital Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) is an emerging therapeutic option for addressing intractable diseases such as critical limb ischemia (CLI). Evidence suggests that therapeutic effects of ADSCs are primarily mediated through paracrine mechanisms rather than transdifferentiation. These secreted factors can be captured in conditioned medium (CM) and concentrated to prepare a therapeutic factor concentrate (TFC) composed of a cocktail of beneficial growth factors and cytokines that individually and in combination demonstrate disease-modifying effects. The ability of a TFC to promote reperfusion in a rabbit model of CLI was evaluated. A total of 27 adult female rabbits underwent surgery to induce ischemia in the left hindlimb. An additional five rabbits served as sham controls. One week after surgery, the ischemic limbs received intramuscular injections of either (1) placebo (control medium), (2) a low dose of TFC, or (3) a high dose of TFC. Limb perfusion was serially assessed with a Doppler probe. Blood samples were analyzed for growth factors and cytokines. Tissue was harvested postmortem on day 35 and assessed for capillary density by immunohistochemistry. At 1 month after treatment, tissue perfusion in ischemic limbs treated with a high dose of TFC was almost double (p < 0.05) that of the placebo group [58.8 ± 23 relative perfusion units (RPU) vs. 30.7 ± 13.6 RPU; mean ± SD]. This effect was correlated with greater capillary density in the affected tissues and with transiently higher serum levels of the angiogenic and prosurvival factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). The conclusions from this study are that a single bolus administration of TFC demonstrated robust effects for promoting tissue reperfusion in a rabbit model of CLI and that a possible mechanism of revascularization was promotion of angiogenesis by TFC. Results of this study demonstrate that TFC represents a potent therapeutic cocktail for patients with CLI, many of whom are at risk for amputation of the affected limb.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096368915X689767DOI Listing
November 2017

Addition of platelet concentrate to dermo-epidermal skin graft in deep burn trauma reduces scarring and need for revision surgeries.

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2014 Jun 27;158(2):242-58. Epub 2013 Sep 27.

Institute of Radiodiagnostic and Vice-President for Science and Research, University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Background: [corrected] Deep skin burn injuries, especially those on the face, hands, feet, genitalia and perineum represent significant therapeutic challenges. Autologous dermo-epidermal skin grafts (DESG) have become standard of care for treating deep burns. Additionally, human autologous thrombin activated autologous platelet concentrate (APC) has gained acceptance in the setting of wounds. While each of these interventions has been independently shown to accelerate healing, the combination of the two has never been evaluated. We hypothesized that the addition of platelets (source of growth factors and inhibitors necessary for tissue repair) to the DESG (source of progenitor cells and of tissue proteases necessary for spatial and temporal control of growth regulators released from platelets) would create the optimal environment for the reciprocal interaction of cells within the healing tissues.

Methods: We used clinical examination (digital photography), standardised scales for evaluating pain and scarring, in combination with blood perfusion (laser Doppler imaging), as well as molecular and laboratory analyses.

Results: We show for the first time that the combination of APC and DESG leads to earlier relief of pain, and decreased use of analgesics, antipruritics and orthotic devices. Most importantly, this treatment is associated with earlier discharges from hospital and significant cost savings.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that DESG engraftment is facilitated by the local addition of platelets and by systemic thrombocytosis. This local interaction leads to the physiological revascularization at 1-3 months. We observed significant elevation of circulating platelets in early stages of engraftment (1-7 days), which normalized over the subsequent 7 and 90 days.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2013.070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5474322PMC
June 2014

Study of electromigration effects on a pH boundary during the on-line electrokinetic preconcentration by capillary electrophoresis.

Electrophoresis 2010 Aug;31(16):2771-7

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

A contribution to the description of electrokinetic effects on the pH boundary formed by sodium borate pH 9.5 and sodium phosphate pH 2.5 electrolytes for on-line preconcentration of weak acids is presented in this article. Simulations of electrokinetic injections together with experimental studies using contactless conductivity detection verified that the preconcentration is induced mainly by dissociation changes of analytes on the pH boundary and transient ITP state. Moreover, a study of the addition of organic solvent to the injection electrolyte was performed with impressive results. Subnanomolar LODs of hydroxybenzoic acids were achieved with 80% of methanol in the injection electrolyte which represents more than 70 000-fold preconcentration in comparison with classical CZE method.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elps.200900663DOI Listing
August 2010

Determination of some phenolic acids in Majorana hortensis by capillary electrophoresis with online electrokinetic preconcentration.

J Agric Food Chem 2008 Jun 13;56(11):3940-4. Epub 2008 May 13.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Palacky University in Olomouc, Trida Svobody 8, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

An online accumulation/mobilization preconcentration technique based on a dynamic pH junction technique and electrokinetic injection was employed for analysis of phenolic acids (sinapic, ferulic, coumarinic, caffeic, syringic, vanillic, and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid) in extracts from Majorana hortensis leaves. Samples were extracted by pressurized solvent extraction with acetone at 150 degrees C and 15 MPa. The capillary electrophoretic method employed 50 mmol.L (-1) sodium borate, pH 9.5, as the sample electrolyte, 50 mmol.L (-1) sodium phosphate, pH 2.5, as the background electrolyte, and 50 mmol.L (-1) sodium phosphate, pH 2.5, with 60 mmol.L (-1) sodium dodecyl sulfate as the mobilization electrolyte. The method allowed 720-fold to 5560-fold preconcentration of the phenolic acids during 30 min of electrokinetic accumulation with detection limits from 0.38 to 4.22 ng.mL (-1).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf8000179DOI Listing
June 2008