Publications by authors named "Katerina Jirsova"

63 Publications

The micronucleus cytome assay - A fast tool for DNA damage screening in human conjunctival epithelial cells.

Ocul Surf 2021 04 4;20:195-198. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

Purpose: To assess whether the micronucleus cytome assay (MCyt) reliably detects DNA damage occurring in control and pathological superficial epithelial cells from human conjunctiva.

Methods: Impression cytology samples from the bulbar conjunctiva of 33 healthy controls, eight patients with conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and eight with mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) were examined using the MCyt modified for the ocular surface.

Results: The mean number of micronuclei (MNi) in control samples was 0.94 MNi/1000 epithelial cells, with no significant difference between conjunctival quadrants and independent of sex and age. The MCyt assay applied to CIN-affected eyes showed a significantly higher frequency of MNi (18.63/1000 cells), apoptotic cells, nuclear enlargement, multinucleated cells, and keratolysis compared with the corresponding unaffected paired eyes and with the control value. Although the mean MNi frequency in MMP eyes was also higher (1.73 MNi/1000 cells), it did not prove to be statistically different from the control samples. On the other hand, the MMP-affected eyes revealed significantly elevated percentages of cells with snake-like chromatin, multinucleated cells, apoptotic cells, and nuclear buds compared with controls.

Conclusions: Micronucleus cytome assay was adapted as a rapid screening test for genomic instability on the ocular surface. We have determined reference levels for MNi and other nuclear alterations on healthy conjunctiva and demonstrated that particularly frequencies of MNi are significantly elevated in conjunctiva affected by CIN. We demonstrate that MNi are more specific than other nuclear abnormalities and thus can be used for screening of ocular surface neoplasia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtos.2021.02.011DOI Listing
April 2021

A comprehensive analysis of the expression, epigenetic and genetic changes of HNF1B and ECI2 in 122 cases of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma.

Oncol Lett 2021 Mar 6;21(3):185. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, 12800 Prague, Czech Republic.

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is the most common subtype of ovarian cancer, with a poor prognosis; however, most studies concerning ovarian carcinoma have focused mainly on clear cell carcinoma. The involvement of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β (HNF1B) in the carcinogenesis of HGSC has not yet been fully elucidated. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to analyse the expression of the possible downstream target of HNF1B, enoyl-CoA (Δ) isomerase 2 (ECI2), in HGSC. The present study performed a comprehensive analysis of HNF1B mRNA and protein expression, and epigenetic and genetic changes, as well as an analysis of ECI2 mRNA and protein expression in 122 cases of HGSC. HNF1B protein expression was detected in 28/122 cases, and was positively associated with lymphovascular invasion (P=0.025). Protein expression of ECI2 was detected in 115/122 cases, but no associations with clinicopathological variables were revealed. Therefore, ECI2 does not seem to function as a suitable prognostic marker for HGSC. In the sample set, a positive correlation between HNF1B and ECI2 protein expression was detected (P=0.005). HNF1B mRNA was also positively correlated with HNF1B protein expression (P=0.001). promoter methylation was detected in 26/67 (38.8%) of cases. A novel pathogenic somatic mutation was detected in 1/61 (1.6%) of the analysed HGSC cases. No other correlations between the examined SNPs (rs4430796, rs757210 and rs7405776), HNF1B promoter methylation, HNF1B/ECI2 expression or clinicopathological characteristics were found.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2021.12446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7816296PMC
March 2021

HNF1B, EZH2 and ECI2 in prostate carcinoma. Molecular, immunohistochemical and clinico-pathological study.

Sci Rep 2020 09 1;10(1):14365. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague 2, Czech Republic.

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 beta (HNF1B) is a tissue specific transcription factor, which seems to play an important role in the carcinogenesis of several tumors. In our study we focused on analyzing HNF1B in prostate carcinoma (PC) and adenomyomatous hyperplasia (AH), as well as its possible relation to the upstream gene EZH2 and downstream gene ECI2. The results of our study showed that on an immunohistochemical level, the expression of HNF1B was low in PC, did not differ between PC and AH, and did not correlate with any clinical outcomes. In PC, mutations of HNF1B gene were rare, but the methylation of its promotor was a common finding and was positively correlated with Gleason score and stage. The relationship between HNF1B and EZH2/ECI2 was equivocal, but EZH2 and ECI2 were positively correlated on both mRNA and protein level. The expression of EZH2 was associated with poor prognosis. ECI2 did not correlate with any clinical outcomes. Our results support the oncosuppressive role of HNF1B in PC, which may be silenced by promotor methylation and other mechanisms, but not by gene mutation. The high expression of EZH2 (especially) and ECI2 in PC seems to be a potential therapeutic target.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71427-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7463257PMC
September 2020

Ex vivo cultivated oral mucosal epithelial cell transplantation for limbal stem cell deficiency: a review.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2020 07 21;11(1):301. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Destruction or dysfunction of limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs) leads to unilateral or bilateral limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). Fifteen years have passed since the first transplantation of ex vivo cultivated oral mucosal epithelial cells (COMET) in humans in 2004, which represents the first use of a cultured non-limbal autologous cell type to treat bilateral LSCD. This review summarizes clinical outcomes from COMET studies published from 2004 to 2019 and reviews results with emphasis on the culture methods by which grafted cell sheets were prepared.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-020-01783-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7374839PMC
July 2020

Aberrant HLA-DR expression in the conjunctival epithelium after autologous serum treatment in patients with graft-versus-host disease or Sjögren's syndrome.

PLoS One 2020 21;15(4):e0231473. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of autologous serum (AS) eye drops on the density of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR-positive epithelial cells and Langerhans cells on the ocular surface of patients with bilateral severe dry eye disease (DED) due to graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) or Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The study was conducted on 24 patients (48 eyes). AS was applied 6-10 times daily for 3 months together with regular artificial tear therapy. HLA-DR-positive cells were detected by direct immunocytochemistry on upper bulbar conjunctiva imprints obtained before and after treatment. The application of AS drops led to a statistically significant increase in the mean density of aberrant HLA-DR-positive conjunctival epithelial cells (p < 0.05) and HLA-DR-positive Langerhans cells (p < 0.05) in the GvHD group. Aberrant HLA-DR-positive epithelial cells in the SS group were decreased non-significantly. All patients reported a significant decrease in the Ocular Surface Disease Index (p < 0.01), which indicates improvement of the patient's subjective feelings after therapy. There was an expected but non-significant decrease of aberrant HLA-DR-positive conjunctival epithelial cells in the SS group only. However, the increased density of HLA-DR-positive cells, indicating slight subclinical inflammation, does not outweigh the positive effect of AS in patients with DED from GvHD.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231473PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7173771PMC
July 2020

Mast Cells Populate the Corneoscleral Limbus: New Insights for Our Understanding of Limbal Microenvironment.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2020 03;61(3):43

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Purpose: Although stem cell activity represents a crucial feature in corneal and ocular surface homeostasis, other cells populating this region and the neighboring zones might participate and influence local microenvironment. Mast cells, the long-lived and tissue-sited immune cells, have been previously reported in corneoscleral specimens. Herein, mast cells were investigated in corneoscleral tissues and related to microenvironment protein expression.

Methods: Twenty-six (14 male/12 female; older than 60 years) human corneoscleral specimens were sectioned for light and fluorescent immunostaining (CD45, p63, Ck-3/7/12/19, tryptase/AA1, and chymase/CC1). Corneal, limbal, and conjunctival squares were produced for molecular and biochemical analysis. Statistical comparisons were carried out by ANOVA.

Results: Toluidine blue staining identified metachromatic intact or degranulated mast cells in the area below the palisades' Vogt (Ck-3/12-positive epithelium and underneath p63 immunoreactivity). Tryptase immunoreactivity was observed close to palisades' Vogt, whereas no specific signal was detected for chymase. Tryptase/AA1 transcripts were quantified in limbal and conjunctival RNA extracts, whereas no specific amplification was detected in corneal ones. Few mediators were overexpressed in limbal extracts with respect to corneal (Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), Intercellular adhesion molecule 3 (ICAM3), Brain-derived Neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin 3 (NT3); P < 0.00083) and conjunctival (NCAM, ICAM3, and NT3; P < 0.05) protein extracts. A trend to an increase was observed for Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) in limbal extracts (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: The specific observation of tryptase phenotype and the interesting protein signature of microenvironment (adhesion molecules, growth factors, and neurotrophins), known to partake mast cell behavior, at least in other areas, would provide additional information to better understand this crucial zone in the framework of ocular surface healthiness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.61.3.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7401584PMC
March 2020

Discontinuous transcription of ribosomal DNA in human cells.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(3):e0223030. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Numerous studies show that various genes in all kinds of organisms are transcribed discontinuously, i.e. in short bursts or pulses with periods of inactivity between them. But it remains unclear whether ribosomal DNA (rDNA), represented by multiple copies in every cell, is also expressed in such manner. In this work, we synchronized the pol I activity in the populations of tumour derived as well as normal human cells by cold block and release. Our experiments with 5-fluorouridine (FU) and BrUTP confirmed that the nucleolar transcription can be efficiently and reversibly arrested at +4°C. Then using special software for analysis of the microscopic images, we measured the intensity of transcription signal (incorporated FU) in the nucleoli at different time points after the release. We found that the ribosomal genes in the human cells are transcribed discontinuously with periods ranging from 45 min to 75 min. Our data indicate that the dynamics of rDNA transcription follows the undulating pattern, in which the bursts are alternated by periods of rare transcription events.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0223030PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7051091PMC
May 2020

Interleukin-13 maintains the stemness of conjunctival epithelial cell cultures prepared from human limbal explants.

PLoS One 2019 11;14(2):e0211861. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

To use human limbal explants as an alternative source for generating conjunctival epithelium and to determine the effect of interleukin-13 (IL-13) on goblet cell number, mucin expression, and stemness. Human limbal explants prepared from 17 corneoscleral rims were cultured with or without IL-13 (IL-13+ and IL-13-, respectively) and followed up to passage 2 (primary culture [P0]-P2). Cells were characterized by alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff (AB/PAS) staining (goblet cells); immunofluorescent staining for p63α (progenitor cells), Ki-67 (proliferation), MUC5AC (mucin, goblet cells), and keratin 7 (K7, conjunctival epithelial and goblet cells); and by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for expression of the p63α (TP63), MUC5AC, MUC4 (conjunctival mucins), K3, K12 (corneal epithelial cells), and K7 genes. Clonogenic ability was determined by colony-forming efficiency (CFE) assay. Using limbal explants, we generated epithelium with conjunctival phenotype and high viability in P0, P1, and P2 cultures under IL-13+ and IL-13- conditions, i.e., epithelium with strong K7 positivity, high K7 and MUC4 expression and the presence of goblet cells (AB/PAS and MUC5AC positivity; MUC5AC expression). p63α positivity was similar in IL-13+ and IL-13- cultures and was decreased in P2 cultures; however, there was increased TP63 expression in the presence of IL-13 (especially in the P1 cultures). Similarly, IL-13 increased proliferative activity in P1 cultures and significantly promoted P0 and P1 culture CFE. IL-13 did not increase goblet cell number in the P0-P2 cultures, nor did it influence MUC5AC and MUC4 expression. By harvesting unattached cells on day 1 of P1 we obtained goblet cell rich subpopulation showing AB/PAS, MUC5AC, and K7 positivity, but with no growth potential. In conclusion, limbal explants were successfully used to develop conjunctival epithelium with the presence of putative stem and goblet cells and with the ability to preserve the stemness of P0 and P1 cultures under IL-13 influence.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211861PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370187PMC
November 2019

Antimicrobial efficiency and stability of two decontamination solutions.

Cell Tissue Bank 2018 Dec 30;19(4):581-589. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Two decontamination solutions, commercially produced BASE•128 and laboratory decontamination solution (LDS), with analogous content of antibiotic and antimycotic agents, were compared in their antimicrobial efficiency and stability (pH and osmolarity). Both solutions were compared immediately after thawing aliquots frozen for 1, 3 or 6 months. Agar well diffusion method was used to test their antimicrobial efficiency against five human pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis. The difference in the inhibition of growth between the two decontamination solutions was mostly not statistically significant, with few exceptions. The most pronounced difference between the LDS and BASE•128 was observed in their decontamination efficacy against E. coli and E. faecalis, where the LDS showed to be more efficient than BASE•128. The osmolarity value of LDS decreased with cold-storage, the osmolarity values of the BASE•128 could not be measured as they were below the range of the osmometer. Slight changes were found in pH of the less stable LDS solution, whose pH increased from initial value 7.36 ± 0.07 to 7.72 ± 0.19 after 6 m-storage. We verified that BASE•128 and LDS are similarly efficient in elimination of possible placental bacterial contaminants and may be used for decontamination of various tissues.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10561-018-9707-0DOI Listing
December 2018

Characterization and comparison of human limbal explant cultures grown under defined and xeno-free conditions.

Exp Eye Res 2018 11 19;176:20-28. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Albertov 4, 128 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic; Ophthalmology Department of 3rd Medical Faculty and University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, Šrobárova 1150/50, 100 34 Prague 10, Czech Republic.

Human limbal epithelial cells (LECs) intended for treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency are commonly cultivated on a 3T3 feeder layer with complex culture medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS). However, FBS is a xenogeneic component containing poorly characterised constituents and exhibits quantitative and qualitative lot-to-lot variations. Human limbal explants were plated on untreated or fibrin coated plastic plates and cultured in two non-xenogeneic media (supplemented with either human serum or platelet lysate only). Our aim was to find out whether the characteristics of harvested LEC cultures are comparable to those of LEC cultivated in the gold standard - FBS-supplemented complex medium. The growth kinetics, cell proliferation, differentiation, stemness maintenance, apoptosis and contamination by other cell types were evaluated and compared among these conditions. In all of them LECs were successfully cultivated. Stemness was preserved in both xeno-free media. However, cells cultured with human serum on the fibrin-coated plates had the highest growth rate and cell proliferation and very low fibroblast-like cell contamination. These data suggest that xeno-free cell culture conditions can replace the traditional FBS-supplemented medium and thereby provide a safer protocol for ex vivo cultured limbal stem cell transplants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2018.06.019DOI Listing
November 2018

Germline mutation in the TP53 gene in uveal melanoma.

Sci Rep 2018 05 16;8(1):7618. Epub 2018 May 16.

Institute of Pathology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

We performed comprehensive molecular analysis of five cases of metastasizing uveal malignant melanoma (UM) (fresh-frozen samples) with an NGS panel of 73 genes. A likely pathogenic germline TP53 mutation c.760A > G (p.I254V) was found in two tumor samples and matched nontumor tissue. In three cases, pathogenic BAP1 mutation was detected together with germline missense variants of uncertain significance in ATM. All cases carried recurrent activating GNAQ or GNA11 mutation. Moreover, we analyzed samples from another 16 patients with primary UM by direct Sanger sequencing focusing only on TP53 coding region. No other germline TP53 mutation was detected in these samples. Germline TP53 mutation, usually associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, is a rare event in UM. To the best of our knowledge, only one family with germline TP53 mutation has previously been described. In our study, we detected TP53 mutation in two patients without known family relationship. The identification of germline aberrations in TP53 or BAP1 is important to identify patients with Li-Fraumeni syndrome or BAP1 cancer syndrome, which is also crucial for proper genetic counseling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26040-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5955881PMC
May 2018

Frequency of Complications During Preparation of Corneal Lamellae Used in Posterior Lamellar Keratoplasty Using the Pneumodissection Technique (Big Bubble).

Cornea 2018 Jul;37(7):904-908

Ophthalmology Department of Third Medical Faculty and University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, Prague, Czech Republic.

Purpose: To determine the frequency of formation of various types of bubbles and the potential impact of donor and lamella parameters on this frequency, and to identify possible risk factors of unsuccessful "big-bubble" creation in preparation of pre-Descemet endothelial keratoplasty and Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty with peripheral stromal support.

Methods: Donor age and sex, death to preservation time (DPT), storage time, presence of corneal scars (mainly a condition after cataract surgery), and endothelial cell density of 256 donor corneas were assessed before Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty with peripheral stromal support or pre-Descemet endothelial keratoplasty lamella preparation using the big-bubble technique.

Results: Mean donor age was 62.3 ± 8.5 years (28.3% women and 71.7% men). Mean endothelial cell density of the donor graft was 2866 ± 255 cells/mm. Mean DPT was 10.12 ± 4.88 hours, and mean storage time of the transplant before surgery was 6.5 ± 4.8 days. Corneal scars were present in 17 donor grafts (6.6%) after cataract surgery. Eleven corneas were devalued because of Descemet membrane rupture during preparation (4.3%). In 182 corneas, standard bubble type I was created (71.7%); in 27 corneas, bubble type II was created; eventually, both types of bubbles formed simultaneously (10.5%); in 47 corneas, no bubble was created (18.4%).

Conclusions: We identified higher endothelial cell density, shorter DPT, and the presence of corneal scars after cataract surgery as risk factors threatening successful bubble formation. The only risk factor for creating type II bubbles was higher donor age in our study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001503DOI Listing
July 2018

Endothelial Wound Repair of the Organ-Cultured Porcine Corneas.

Curr Eye Res 2018 07 13;43(7):856-865. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

b Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Biology and Medical Genetics, First Faculty of Medicine , Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague , Prague , Czech Republic.

Purpose: To assess whether injured porcine endothelium of small and large corneoscleral disc differ in its reparative/regenerative capacity under various conditions of organ culture storage.

Material And Methods: 166 paired porcine corneas were trephined to obtain tissues with diameter 12.0 mm and 17.5 mm (with area neighboring endothelial periphery). In tested discs, central endothelium was mechanically wounded. Density of live endothelial cells (LECD), percentage of dead cells (%DC), coefficient of variation and cell hexagonality were assessed in central and paracentral endothelium following 5- or 9-day incubation in medium with 2% or 10% fetal bovine serum. The parameters were assessed also in fresh and intact cultured discs. Dead endothelial cells (EC) were visualized by trypan blue, cell borders by Alizarin Red S dye. Endothelial imprints were immunoassayed for the proliferation marker Ki-67 and the nucleolar marker fibrillarin.

Results: In fresh corneas, the LECD/mm (mean ± standard deviation) were 3998.0 ± 215.4 (central area) and 3888.2 ± 363.1 (paracentral area). Only the length of storage had significant effect on wound repair. Lesion was repaired partially after 5-day and fully after 9-day cultivation. After 9-day storage in medium with 10% serum, the mean LECD detected in small discs were 2409.4 ± 881.8 (central area) and 3949.5 ± 275.5 (paracentral area) and in large discs the mean LECD were 2555.0 ± 347.0 (central area) and 4007.5 ± 261.2 (paracentral area). Ki-67 showed cell proliferation associated with healing of EC of both large and small corneas.

Conclusions: The lesions were completely repaired within 9 days of storage. Presence of the area, where stem cells appear to be located, contributes to stimulation of endothelial reparation less than serum concentration and time of culture. Both cell migration and proliferation contribute to the wound repair.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02713683.2018.1458883DOI Listing
July 2018

The enzymatic de-epithelialization technique determines denuded amniotic membrane integrity and viability of harvested epithelial cells.

PLoS One 2018 27;13(3):e0194820. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

The human amniotic membrane (HAM) is widely used for its wound healing effect in clinical practice, as a feeder for the cell cultivation, or a source of cells to be used in cell therapy. The aim of this study was to find effective and safe enzymatic HAM de-epithelialization method leading to harvesting of both denuded undamaged HAM and viable human amniotic epithelial cells (hAECs). The efficiency of de-epithelialization using TrypLE Express, trypsin/ ethylenediaminetetraacetic (EDTA), and thermolysin was monitored by hematoxylin and eosin staining and by the measurement of DNA concentration. The cell viability was determined by trypan blue staining. Scanning electron microscopy and immunodetection of collagen type IV and laminin α5 chain were used to check the basement membrane integrity. De-epithelialized hAECs were cultured and their stemness properties and proliferation potential was assessed after each passage. The HAM was successfully de-epithelialized using all three types of reagents, but morphological changes in basement membrane and stroma were observed after the thermolysin application. About 60% of cells remained viable using trypsin/EDTA, approximately 6% using TrypLE Express, and all cells were lethally damaged after thermolysin application. The hAECs isolated using trypsin/EDTA were successfully cultured up to the 5th passage with increasing proliferation potential and decreased stem cell markers expression (NANOG, SOX2) in prolonged cell culture. Trypsin/EDTA technique was the most efficient for obtaining both undamaged denuded HAM and viable hAECs for consequent culture.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0194820PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5870984PMC
July 2018

Familial Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency: Clinical, Cytological and Genetic Characterization.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2018 Feb;14(1):148-151

Research Unit for Rare Diseases; Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Ke Karlovu 2, Praha 2, 128 08, Prague, Czech Republic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12015-017-9780-yDOI Listing
February 2018

The comet assay applied to cells of the eye.

Mutagenesis 2018 02;33(1):21-24

Department of Nutrition, Institute for Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Sognsvannsveien, Oslo, Norway.

The human eye is relatively unexplored as a source of cells for investigating DNA damage. There have been some clinical studies, using cells from surgically removed tissues, and altered DNA bases as well as strand breaks have been measured using the comet assay. Tissues examined include corneal epithelium and endothelium, lens capsule, iris and retinal pigment epithelium. For the purpose of biomonitoring for exposure to potential mutagens in the environment, the eye-relatively unprotected as it is compared with the skin-would be a valuable object for study; non-invasive techniques exist to collect lachrymal duct cells from tears, or cells from the ocular surface by impression cytology, and these methods should be further developed and validated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mutage/gex025DOI Listing
February 2018

Comparison of impact of two decontamination solutions on the viability of the cells in human amnion.

Cell Tissue Bank 2017 Sep 4;18(3):413-423. Epub 2017 Jul 4.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Ke Karlovu 2, 128 08, Prague, Czech Republic.

Human amniotic membrane (HAM) is used as an allograft in regenerative medicine or as a source of pluripotent cells for stem cell research. Various decontamination protocols and solutions are used to sterilize HAM before its application, but little is known about the toxicity of disinfectants on HAM cells. In this study, we tested two decontamination solutions, commercial (BASE·128) and laboratory decontamination solution (LDS), with an analogous content of antimycotic/antibiotics for their cytotoxic effect on HAM epithelial (EC) and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC). HAM was processed in a standard way, placed on nitrocellulose scaffold, and decontaminated, following three protocols: (1) 6 h, 37 °C; (2) 24 h, room temperature; (3) 24 h, 4 °C. The viability of EC was assessed via trypan blue staining. The apoptotic cells were detected using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL). The mean % (±SD) of dead EC (%DEC) from six fresh placentas was 12.9 ± 18.1. Decontamination increased %DEC compared to culture medium. Decontamination with BASE·128 for 6 h, 37 °C led to the highest EC viability (81.7%). Treatment with LDS at 24 h, 4 °C resulted in the lowest EC viability (55.9%) in the set. MSC were more affected by apoptosis than EC. Although the BASE·128 expresses lower toxicity compared to LDS, we present LDS as an alternative decontamination solution with a satisfactory preservation of cell viability. The basic formula of LDS will be optimised by enrichment with nutrient components, such as glucose or vitamins, to improve cell viability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10561-017-9636-3DOI Listing
September 2017

Active transforming growth factor-β2 in the aqueous humor of posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy patients.

PLoS One 2017 17;12(4):e0175509. Epub 2017 Apr 17.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

Purpose: Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of corneal endothelial cells. It was shown that TGF-β2 present in aqueous humor (AH) could help maintaining the corneal endothelium in a G1-phase-arrest state. We wanted to determine whether the levels of this protein are changed in AH of PPCD patients.

Methods: We determined the concentrations of active TGF-β2 in the AH of 29 PPCD patients (42 samples) and 40 cadaver controls (44 samples) by ELISA. For data analysis the PPCD patients were divided based on either the molecular genetic cause of their disease as PPCD1 (37 samples), PPCD3 (1 sample) and PPCDx (not linked to a known PPCD loci, 4 samples) or on the presence (17 samples) or absence (25 samples) of secondary glaucoma or on whether they had undergone penetrating keratoplasty (PK, 32 samples) or repeated PK (rePK, 7 samples).

Results: The level of active TGF-β2 in the AH of all PPCD patients (mean ± SD; 386.98 ± 114.88 pg/ml) in comparison to the control group (260.95 ± 112.43 pg/ml) was significantly higher (P = 0.0001). Compared to the control group, a significantly higher level of active TGF-β2 was found in the PPCD1 (P = 0.0005) and PPCDx (P = 0.0022) groups. Among patients the levels of active TGF-β2 were not significantly affected by gender, age, secondary glaucoma or by the progression of dystrophy when one or repeated PK were performed.

Conclusion: The levels of active TGF-β2 in the AH of PPCD patients are significantly higher than control values, and thus the increased levels of TGF-β2 could be a consequence of the PPCD phenotype and can be considered as another feature characterizing this disease.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0175509PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5393593PMC
April 2017

Amniotic membrane in ophthalmology: properties, preparation, storage and indications for grafting-a review.

Cell Tissue Bank 2017 Jun 2;18(2):193-204. Epub 2017 Mar 2.

The Veneto Eye Bank Foundation, Padiglione Rama - Via Paccagnella n. 11, 30174, Zelarino, Venice, Italy.

The use of amniotic membrane in ophthalmic surgery and other surgical procedures in the fields of dermatology, plastic surgery, genitourinary medicine and otolaryngology is on the increase. Furthermore, amniotic membrane and its epithelial and mesenchymal cells have broad use in regenerative medicine and hold great promise in anticancer treatment. Amniotic membrane is a rich source of biologically active factors and as such, promotes healing and acts as an effective material for wound dressing. Amniotic membrane supports epithelialization and exhibits anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-microbial features. Placentas utilised in the preparation of amniotic membrane are retrieved from donors undergoing elective caesarean section. Maternal blood must undergo serological screening at the time of donation and, in the absence of advanced diagnostic testing techniques, 6 months postpartum in order to cover the time window for the potential transmission of communicable diseases. Amniotic membrane is prepared by blunt dissection under strict aseptic conditions, then is typically transferred onto a nitrocellulose paper carrier, usually with the epithelial side up, and cut into multiple pieces of different dimensions. Amniotic membrane can be stored under various conditions, most often cryopreserved in glycerol or dimethyl sulfoxide or their mixture with culture medium or buffers. Other preservation methods include lyophilisation and air-drying. In ophthalmology, amniotic membrane is increasingly used for ocular surface reconstruction, including the treatment of persistent epithelial defects and non-healing corneal ulcers, corneal perforations and descemetoceles, bullous keratopathy, as well as corneal disorders with associated limbal stem cell deficiency, pterygium, conjunctival reconstruction, corneoscleral melts and perforations, and glaucoma surgeries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10561-017-9618-5DOI Listing
June 2017

The effect of culture medium and carrier on explant culture of human limbal epithelium: A comparison of ultrastructure, keratin profile and gene expression.

Exp Eye Res 2016 Dec 1;153:122-132. Epub 2016 Oct 1.

Center for Eye Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.

Patients with limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) often experience pain and photophobia due to recurrent epithelial defects and chronic inflammation of the cornea. Successfully restoring a healthy corneal surface in these patients by transplantation of ex vivo expanded human limbal epithelial cells (LECs) may alleviate these symptoms and significantly improve their quality of life. The clinical outcome of transplantation is known to be influenced by the quality of transplanted cells. Presently, several different protocols for cultivation and transplantation of LECs are in use. However, no consensus on an optimal protocol exists. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of culture medium and carrier on the morphology, staining of selected keratins and global gene expression in ex vivo cultured LECs. Limbal biopsies from cadaveric donors were cultured for three weeks on human amniotic membrane (HAM) or on tissue culture coated plastic (PL) in either a complex medium (COM), containing recombinant growth factors, hormones, cholera toxin and fetal bovine serum, or in medium supplemented only with human serum (HS). The expanded LECs were examined by light microscopy (LM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunohistochemistry (IHC) for keratins K3, K7, K8, K12, K13, K14, K15 and K19, as well as microarray and qRT-PCR analysis. The cultured LECs exhibited similar morphology and keratin staining on LM, TEM and IHC examination, regardless of the culture condition. The epithelium was multilayered, with cuboidal basal cells and flattened superficial cells. Cells were attached to each other by desmosomes. Adhesion complexes were observed between basal cells and the underlying carrier in LECs cultured on HAM, but not in LECs cultured on PL. GeneChip Human Gene 2.0 ST microarray (Affymetrix) analysis revealed that 18,653 transcripts were ≥2 fold up or downregulated (p ≤ 0.05). Cells cultured in the same medium (COM or HS) showed more similarities in gene expression than cells cultured on the same carrier (HAM or PL). When each condition was compared to HAM/COM, no statistical difference was found in the transcription level of the selected genes associated with keratin expression, stemness, proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, corneal wound healing or autophagy. In conclusion, the results indicate that ex vivo cultures of LECs on HAM and PL, using culture media supplemented with COM or HS, yield tissues with similar morphology and keratin staining. The gene expression appears to be more similar in cells cultured in the same medium (COM or HS) compared to cells cultured on the same carrier (HAM or PL).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2016.09.012DOI Listing
December 2016

Novel TGFBI mutation p.(Leu558Arg) in a lattice corneal dystrophy patient.

Ophthalmic Genet 2016 12 30;37(4):473-474. Epub 2016 Mar 30.

a Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine , Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague , Prague , Czech Republic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13816810.2015.1126615DOI Listing
December 2016

Using corneal confocal microscopy to track changes in the corneal layers of dry eye patients after autologous serum treatment.

Clin Exp Optom 2017 May 21;100(3):243-249. Epub 2016 Sep 21.

Department of Ophthalmology for Children and Adults, Charles University, 2nd Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital in Motol, Prague, Czech Republic.

Backround: In vivo corneal confocal microscopy allows the examination of each layer of the cornea in detail and the identification of pathological changes at the cellular level. The purpose of this study was to identify the possible effects of a three-month treatment with autologous serum eye-drops in different corneal layers of patients with severe dry eye disease using corneal confocal microscopy.

Methods: Twenty-six patients with dry eye disease were included in the study. Corneal fluorescein staining was performed. The corneas of the right eyes were examined using in vivo corneal confocal microscopy before and after a three-month treatment with autologous serum drops. The densities of superficial and basal epithelial cells, Langerhans cells, the keratocytes and activated keratocytes, the density of endothelial cells and the status of the sub-basal nerve plexus fibres were evaluated.

Results: A significant decrease in corneal fluorescein staining was found after the three-month autologous serum treatment (p = 0.0006). The basal epithelial cell density decreased significantly (p = 0.001), while the density of superficial epithelial cells did not change significantly (p = 0.473) nor did the number of Langerhans cells or activated keratocytes (p = 0.223; p = 0.307, respectively). There were no differences in the other corneal cell layers or in the status of the nerve fibres.

Conclusions: The results demonstrate the ability of corneal confocal microscopy to evaluate an improvement in the basal epithelial cell layer of the cornea after autologous serum treatment in patients with dry eye disease. More studies with longer follow-up periods are needed to elucidate the suitability of corneal confocal microscopy to follow the effect of autologous serum treatment on nerve fibres or other corneal layers in dry eye disease patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12455DOI Listing
May 2017

Apoptosis of conjunctival epithelial cells before and after the application of autologous serum eye drops in severe dry eye disease.

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub 2016 Jun 29;160(2):271-5. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, General University Hospital and First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Aims: To assess the impact of autologous serum eye drops on the level of ocular surface apoptosis in patients with bilateral severe dry eye disease.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 10 patients with severe dry eye due to graft versus host disease (group 1) and 6 patients with severe dry eye due to primary Sjögren's syndrome (group 2). Impression cytology specimens from the bulbar conjunctiva were obtained before and after a three-month treatment with 20% autologous serum eye drops applied a maximum of 12 times a day together with regular therapy with artificial tears. The percentage of apoptotic epithelial cells was evaluated immunochemically using anti-active caspase 3 antibody.

Results: In group 1, the mean percentage of apoptotic cells was 3.6% before the treatment. The three-month treatment led to a significant decrease to a mean percentage of 1.8% (P = 0.028). The mean percentage of apoptotic conjunctival cells decreased from 5.4% before the treatment to 3.8% in group 2; however, these results did not reach the level of significance.

Conclusion: Three-month autologous serum treatment led to the improvement of ocular surface apoptosis, especially in the group of patients with severe dry eye due to graft versus host disease. This result supports the very positive effect of autologous serum on the ocular surface in patients suffering from severe dry eye.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2016.001DOI Listing
June 2016

Autosomal-Dominant Corneal Endothelial Dystrophies CHED1 and PPCD1 Are Allelic Disorders Caused by Non-coding Mutations in the Promoter of OVOL2.

Am J Hum Genet 2016 Jan 31;98(1):75-89. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London EC1V 9EL, UK. Electronic address:

Congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy 1 (CHED1) and posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy 1 (PPCD1) are autosomal-dominant corneal endothelial dystrophies that have been genetically mapped to overlapping loci on the short arm of chromosome 20. We combined genetic and genomic approaches to identify the cause of disease in extensive pedigrees comprising over 100 affected individuals. After exclusion of pathogenic coding, splice-site, and copy-number variations, a parallel approach using targeted and whole-genome sequencing facilitated the identification of pathogenic variants in a conserved region of the OVOL2 proximal promoter sequence in the index families (c.-339_361dup for CHED1 and c.-370T>C for PPCD1). Direct sequencing of the OVOL2 promoter in other unrelated affected individuals identified two additional mutations within the conserved proximal promoter sequence (c.-274T>G and c.-307T>C). OVOL2 encodes ovo-like zinc finger 2, a C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor that regulates mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition and acts as a direct transcriptional repressor of the established PPCD-associated gene ZEB1. Interestingly, we did not detect OVOL2 expression in the normal corneal endothelium. Our in vitro data demonstrate that all four mutated OVOL2 promoters exhibited more transcriptional activity than the corresponding wild-type promoter, and we postulate that the mutations identified create cryptic cis-acting regulatory sequence binding sites that drive aberrant OVOL2 expression during endothelial cell development. Our data establish CHED1 and PPCD1 as allelic conditions and show that CHED1 represents the extreme of what can be considered a disease spectrum. They also implicate transcriptional dysregulation of OVOL2 as a common cause of dominantly inherited corneal endothelial dystrophies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.11.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4716680PMC
January 2016

Expression, Epigenetic and Genetic Changes of HNF1B in Endometrial Lesions.

Pathol Oncol Res 2016 Jul 19;22(3):523-30. Epub 2015 Dec 19.

Department of Pathology, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University in Prague, Studnickova 2, 2 12800, Prague, Czech Republic.

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-beta (HNF-1-beta) is a transcription factor involved in cancerogenesis of various tumors, including endometrioid carcinoma. We performed comprehensive analysis of HNF-1-beta in lesions of the endometrium, including protein expression and genetic and epigenetic changes. Expression of HNF-1-beta was analyzed immunohistochemically in 320 cases including both tumor and non-tumor endometrial lesions. Promoter methylation and genetic variants were evaluated, using bisulphite and direct sequencing, in 30 (18 fresh frozen, 12 FFPE tumors) endometrioid carcinomas (ECs) and 15 ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCCs) as a control group. We detected expression of HNF-1-beta in 28 % of ECs (51/180 cases), 26 % of serous carcinoma (7/27 cases), 83 % of endometrial clear cell carcinoma (15/18 cases), 93 % of hyperplastic polyps with atypias (13/14 cases), 100 % of hyperplastic polyps without atypias (16/16 cases), 88 % of hyperplasias with atypias (14/16 cases), 91 % of hyperplasias without atypias (10/11 cases), and in ≥80 % of different normal endometrium samples. The control group of OCCCs showed HNF-1-beta expression in 95 % (18/19 cases). Methylation in promoter region was detected in 13.3 % (4/30) of ECs, but not in corresponding normal tissue where available, nor in OCCCs (0/15 cases). Mutation analysis revealed truncating variant c.454C > T (p.Gln152X) in one EC and missense variant c.848C > T (p.Ala283Val) was detected in one OCCC. In conclusion, expression of HNF-1-beta was detected in various extents in all types of lesions analyzed, nevertheless its strong expression was mostly limited to clear cell carcinomas. Biological significance of genetic and epigenetic changes needs further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-015-0037-2DOI Listing
July 2016

Regulatory Impact of Amniotic Membrane Transplantation on Presence of Adhesion/Growth-Regulatory Galectins-1 and -7 in Corneal Explants from Acanthamoeba Keratitis Patients: Clinical Note.

Curr Eye Res 2016 06 4;41(6):740-6. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

b Faculty of Veterinary Medicine , Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich , Veterinärstrasse, Munich , Germany .

Purpose: To assess the impact of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in corneal explants on presence of two multifunctional endogenous lectins, i.e. galectins-1 and -7.

Methods: Ten corneal explants from AK patients (five with previous AMT and five controls without this treatment) and seven specimens of disease-free control cornea were processed by indirect fluorescent immunohistochemistry.

Results: Immunostaining for both galectins was obtained in the epithelium, stroma and the endothelial layer of all controls, with the strongest positivity in the epithelium. Significantly decreased intensity for galectin-1 was recorded in the epithelium of corneal explants from patients with AK and AMT. The signal for galectin-7 was significantly decreased in the epithelium of AK patients and normalized after AMT.

Conclusions: AMT has a marked impact on presence of the two galectins in opposite directions, encouraging complete profiling for this family of endogenous effectors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02713683.2015.1061022DOI Listing
June 2016

The Bank of Biological Material (BBM) of the First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic.

Biopreserv Biobank 2015 Aug;13(4):299-300

2 Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics, First Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague , Czech Republic .

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bio.2015.29014.vfDOI Listing
August 2015

The presence of lysyl oxidase-like enzymes in human control and keratoconic corneas.

Histol Histopathol 2016 Jan 28;31(1):63-71. Epub 2015 Jul 28.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Purpose: Lysyl oxidases, a family comprising lysyl oxidase (LOX) and four LOX-like enzymes (LOXL1-4), catalyse the cross-linking of elastin and collagen fibrils. Keratoconus (KC) is characterized by progressive thinning leading to irregular astigmatism, resulting in significant visual impairment. Although the pathogenesis of KC remains unclear, one of the current hypotheses is based on alterations in the organization and structure of collagen fibrils. To extend existing general knowledge about cross-linking enzymes in the human cornea, in the present study we have focused on the detection of LOXL enzymes.

Method: The localization and distribution of LOXL1-4 were assessed in cryosections of 7 control donors (three males and three females; 25-68 years; mean age 46±17.6 years) and 8 KC corneas (5 males and 3 females; 25-46 years; mean age 31.3±7.5 years) using indirect fluorescent immunohistochemistry (IHC). The specimens were examined using an Olympus BX51 microscope (Olympus Co., Tokyo, Japan) at a magnification of 200-1000x. Western blot analysis of 4 control and 4 KC corneas was performed for all tested enzymes.

Results: All four LOX-like enzymes were present in all layers of control corneas as well as in the limbus and conjunctiva. Almost no differences between control and pathological specimens were found for LOXL1. A lower staining intensity of LOXL2 was found using IHC and Western blot analysis in KC specimens. Decreases of the signal and small irregularities in the staining were found in the epithelium, keratocytes and extracellular matrix, where a gradual anterior-posterior weakening of the signal was observed. LOXL3 IHC staining was lower in the corneal stromal extracellular matrix and keratocytes of KC samples. No prominent differences were detected using IHC for LOXL4, but a slight decrease was observed in KC corneas using Western blot analysis.

Conclusion: We presume that the decrease of LOXL2 in KC corneas is more likely a consequence of the associated pathological processes (activation of stromal cells due to tissue weakening and consequent structural changes) than a direct cause leading to KC development. At this time, we are unable to provide a coherent explanation for the observed decrease of LOXL3 and LOXL4 in KC corneas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14670/HH-11-649DOI Listing
January 2016

Validation of rs2956540:G>C and rs3735520:G>A association with keratoconus in a population of European descent.

Eur J Hum Genet 2015 Nov 4;23(11):1581-3. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Corneal ectasias, among which keratoconus (KC) is the single most common entity, are one of the most frequent reasons for corneal grafting in developed countries and a threatening complication of laser in situ keratomileusis. Genome-wide association studies have previously found lysyl oxidase (LOX) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) associated with susceptibility to KC development. The aim of our study was to validate the effects of seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within LOX and HGF over KC. Unrelated Czech cases with KC of European descent (108 males and 57 females, 165 cases in total) and 193 population and gender-matched controls were genotyped using Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR assays. Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the strength of associations. Evidence for association was found for both of the tested loci. It was strongest for rs3735520:G>A near HGF (allelic test odds ratio (OR)=1.45; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-1.98; P=0.018) with A allele being a risk factor and rs2956540:G>C (OR=0.69; 95% CI, 0.50-0.96; P=0.024) within LOX with C allele having a protective effect. This first independent association validation of rs2956540:G>C and rs3735520:G>A suggests that these SNPs may serve as genetic risk markers for KC in individuals of European descent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2015.28DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4613460PMC
November 2015

Detailed assessment of renal function in a proband with Harboyan syndrome caused by a novel homozygous SLC4A11 nonsense mutation.

Ophthalmic Res 2015 11;53(1):30-5. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

Laboratory of the Biology and Pathology of the Eye, Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background/aims: To identify the underlying molecular genetic cause of disease in a patient with Harboyan syndrome and to perform a detailed assessment of her renal function. We also assessed the influence of the SLC4A11 mutation identified on the corneal endothelium in the heterozygous state.

Methods: A 55-year-old female was examined ophthalmologically, audiologically and nephrologically including 24-hour urine collection. The coding region of SLC4A11 was directly sequenced. Specular microscopy was performed in the proband's 21-year-old daughter.

Results: The proband had bilateral iridectomy at the age of 3 months because of an initial diagnosis of congenital glaucoma and since the age of 12 years she underwent several keratoplasties in each eye. Nephrological examination did not reveal any abnormalities. Moderate bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was confirmed by audiometry. A novel homozygous mutation predicted to lead to a premature stop codon at the protein level, c.2188C>T; p.(Arg730*), was identified in SLC4A11. No changes in corneal endothelial cell morphology or density were observed in the heterozygous daughter.

Conclusion: In contrast to the Slc4a11(-/-) mouse, no abnormalities in daily renal ion excretion or polyuria were observed in the Harboyan syndrome patient. The mutation identified does not affect corneal endothelial cell morphology or density in the heterozygous state.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000365109DOI Listing
August 2015