Publications by authors named "Katerina Bukacova"

2 Publications

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Cognitive changes after methanol exposure: Longitudinal perspective.

Toxicol Lett 2021 Oct 17;349:101-108. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Neurology and Centre of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

Background: From 2012 to 2013, there was a mass methanol poisoning outbreak in the Czech Republic. Methanol metabolites can cause specific lesions in the basal ganglia, subcortical white matter, and optic nerve. However, long-term sequelae of methanol poisoning on cognitive functioning have not yet been explored. The current study aimed to delineate the cognitive changes observed in methanol poisoning survivors in the seven years since 2012.

Methods: We conducted longitudinal research with repeated measurements in 2013, 2015, 2017 and 2019 to evaluate the development of cognitive changes after acute methanol poisoning. A complex neuropsychological battery consisted of tests of global cognitive performance, auditory and visual attention, executive functioning, learning and memory, working memory and language. Motor performance measures and depression scale were also included.

Results: Repeated measures ANOVA of four measurements with post-hoc tests showed a significant decline in the Mini-Mental State Examination (p = 0.007); however, other parameters were not significantly decreasing. In comparison to normative values, the z-scores for each test measure, in the memory domain, in particular, ranged from 43 to 60 % of participants below 1.5 SD. Mild to severe depression levels from the onset of poisoning improved during the seven years, returning to normal in up to 27 % of participants.

Conclusion: In the longitudinal perspective, methanol poisoning survivors manifest progressive global cognitive decline and overall persistent below-average cognitive performance with some improvements in the frequency of depressive symptoms.
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October 2021

Methanol Poisoning as an Acute Toxicological Basal Ganglia Lesion Model: Evidence from Brain Volumetry and Cognition.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 07 28;43(7):1486-1497. Epub 2019 May 28.

Department of Neurology and Centre of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Acute methanol poisoning leads to optic neuropathy and necrotic lesions of basal ganglia (BG) and subcortical white matter. Survivors of methanol poisoning exhibit long-term executive and memory deficits. Associations between brain volumetry parameters and cognitive sequelae of methanol poisoning are not known. The aim of our study was to identify long-term associations between the cognitive performance of survivors of methanol poisoning and the volume of the brain structures that are selectively vulnerable to methanol.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional follow-up study on a sample of patients (n = 33, age 50 ± 14 years, 82% males) who survived acute methanol poisoning during methanol mass poisoning outbreak from September 2012 till January 2013 in the Czech Republic. A battery of neuropsychological tests and brain magnetic resonance imaging were included in the clinical examination protocol. Specific brain structures (putamen, globus pallidus, nucleus caudatus, and frontal white matter) were selected as regions of interest, and their volumes were estimated using the MorphoBox prototype software.

Results: In robust multiple regression models, sustained visual attention performance (as assessed by Trail Making Test and Prague Stroop Test) was positively associated with BG structures and frontal white matter volumes (Wald = 9.03 to 85.50, p < 0.01), sensitivity to interference (as assessed by Frontal Battery Assessment) was negatively associated with frontal white matter volume (Wald = 35.44 to 42.25, p < 0.001), and motor performance (as assessed by Finger Tapping Test) was positively associated with globus pallidus and frontal white matter volumes (Wald = 9.66 to 13.29, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that smaller volumes of elements of BG-thalamocortical circuitry, namely the BG and frontal white matter, relate to attention and motor performance in methanol poisoning from a long-term perspective. Disruption of those functional circuits may underlie specific cognitive deficits observed in methanol poisoning.
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July 2019