Publications by authors named "Katečrina Dčedková"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Micronization of Ibuprofen Particles Using Supercritical Fluid Technology.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 05;19(5):2814-2820

Nanotechnology Centre, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.

Most of drugs are only slightly soluble in the circulatory system of the human body. This reduces the efficiency of their use and that is why new ways how to increase their solubility are investigated. One way to improve the solubility of the drug is to reduce its particle size. Conventional techniques such as crushing or grinding usually do not guarantee a narrow particle size distribution, which is required for pharmaceuticals. Application of supercritical fluids, especially of supercritical CO₂, seems to be convenient method for the preparation of pharmaceuticals submicron particles or nanoparticles. The method enables the preparation of particles in a narrow size distribution and at the same time it does not leave any unwanted residues of solvents or other chemicals. The aim of this work is the micronization of ibuprofen particles using the supercritical fluid and characterization of formed products. The micronization of the particles was done using commercially available device Spe-ed SFE-4 in rapid expansion of supercritical solution mode. The applied temperatures and pressures were 308.15 K and 313.15 K and 200, 250 and 300 bar. The prepared particles were characterized using methods of X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, particle size distribution, scanning electron microscopy and tests of dissolution and permeability. Mean particles size was reduced from 180 m (original ibuprofen) to 2.8-7.3 m of the processed samples. The dissolution test confirmed better solubility and the permeability of newly formed particles improved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.15874DOI Listing
May 2019

Detection of Micron and Submicron Particles in Human Bronchogenic Carcinomas.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 05;19(5):2460-2466

Nanotechnology Centre, VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.

Metal based particles were detected in pulmonary tumor tissue samples and reference lung tissue samples (lung tissue without carcinoma) by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Many of these particles were in the size below 1 m. Using scanning electron microscopy, particles based on iron were found in the majority of samples. Siderite was determined as the form of the iron in several samples by Raman microspectroscopy. The hypothesis that significant statistical dependence exists between the presence of metals in the lung tissue and lung cancer incidence was not proved. However, statistical dependence between smoking and lung cancer incidence was determined as well as insignificant correlation between the presence of titanium based particles and lung cancer incidence. Titanium-based compounds were identified as TiO₂ in the form of anatase and rutile. Both the reference and the carcinoma samples exhibited magnetic properties as confirmed by vibration magnetometry measurements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2019.15842DOI Listing
May 2019