Publications by authors named "Katarzyna P Kaleta"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Metabolic Disorders/Obesity Is a Primary Risk Factor in Hidradenitis Suppurativa: An Immunohistochemical Real-World Approach.

Dermatology 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology and Immunology, Dessau Medical Center, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane and Faculty of Health Sciences Brandenburg, Dessau, Germany.

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory, potentially scarring disease of the hair follicle, affecting the apocrine gland-bearing skin areas. The major comorbid disorders associated with the occurrence or the aggravation of the disease are obesity and smoking. Numerous efforts to dissociate these factors led to controversial results.

Objectives: To assess the importance of metabolic disorders/obesity, smoking/environmental toxins, and inflammation in HS by utilizing the differential expression of major relevant protein markers in lesional skin of obese/smoking versus non-obese/non-smoking HS patients.

Methods: Lesional skin specimens deriving from two groups of HS patients (BMI >30 and smokers, n = 12 vs. BMI <30 and non-smokers, n = 10) were stained with antibodies raised against irisin, PPARγ, and IGF-1R, which correlate with metabolic disorders/obesity, EGFR and AhR, associated with smoking, and IL-17, IL-17R, and S100A8, as markers of inflammation.

Results: Metabolic disorders/obesity-related markers exhibited marked differential expression between the two groups, while smoking-associated markers a limited one. IL-17R expression was stronger in obese/smokers, and S100A8 staining exhibited intense strong immunoreactivity in both groups without significant difference.

Conclusions: The notion that obesity plays a role in HS development appears to be supported by the prominent regulation of the associated lesional biomarkers. Tobacco smoking might contribute less to HS than previously suspected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000517017DOI Listing
July 2021

The Skin as a Mirror of Internal Disease: Comorbidities and Epidemiology of Acne Vulgaris and Adult Female Acne - A Cross-sectional Study and Current State of Knowledge.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2020 Dec;28(3):133-140

Katarzyna P. Kaleta, MD, Department of Dermatology Jagiellonian University Medical College, 8 Skawinska St, 30-066 Krakow, Poland;

Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition affecting an increasing number of adults and might be a clue to identifying systemic disease. Objective of this study is assessment of the demographic and clinical characteristic, including comorbidities, of patients with acne with a special focus on adult female acne (AFA). This cross-sectional study analyzed the medical records of 354 patients with acne (323 outpatients and 31 hospitalized). Data concerning patient age, sex, lesions morphology and distribution on body areas, duration of the disease, Body Mass Index, and dermatologic and systemic comorbidities were collected. 61% of all patients were female, 45.37% of women were classified as AFA. The median age of patients with acne was 24 years and 32.5 years for AFA. The face was the most commonly affected area; patients with AFA had lesions on their back than less frequently non-AFA. Predominant eruptions were pustules and papules. 38.7% of patients had concomitant systemic chronic disease, 15.25% had an endocrinologic disorder, and 6.21% had thyroid gland dysfunction. Women with AFA had endocrinologic disorders more frequently (P=0.002), whereas cutaneous signs of hyperandrogenism were observed less frequently than in the non-AFA group (P=0.034). AFA possess distinct clinical features and it should raise suspicion towards possible underlying endocrinologic disturbance.
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December 2020

Phenotypes and Pathophysiology of Syndromic Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Different Faces of the Same Disease? A Systematic Review.

Dermatology 2021 17;237(5):673-697. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology, and Immunology, Dessau Medical Center, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor Fontane, Dessau, Germany.

Background: There is growing evidence that (certain) hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) comorbidities comprise syndromes including HS as a key cutaneous manifestation. These apparently autoinflammatory syndromes and their diagnostic delay might have detrimental effects on affected patients.

Methods: A systematic review was performed on the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL utilizing a standardized extraction form according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

Results: Sixty-four eligible articles on syndromic HS were retrieved. The identified syndromes included already described ones (pyoderma gangrenosum-acne-suppurative hidradenitis, pyogenic arthritis-pyoderma gangrenosum-acne-suppurative hidradenitis, psoriatic arthritis-pyoderma gangrenosum-acne-suppurative hidradenitis, pyoderma gangrenosum-acne vulgaris-hidradenitis suppurativa-ankylosing spondylitis, synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis) and further novel symptom constellations. Cutaneous signs, including HS lesions, usually precede signs from other organs. The cutaneous signs of a considerable proportion of patients appear refractory to conventional treatment, and monotherapy with biologics does not suffice to sustain remission.

Conclusion: The results are subsequently discussed with focus on the pathophysiology and treatment of the detected syndromes. The dermatologist's role in the precise diagnosis and early treatment administration of HS is pivotal. The purpose of the treatment should be the effective prevention or delay of the autoinflammatory march and its irreversible consequences.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000509873DOI Listing
September 2020
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