Publications by authors named "Katariina Mamia"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Loss of DIAPH1 causes SCBMS, combined immunodeficiency and mitochondrial dysfunction.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Centre for Molecular Medicine Norway (NCMM), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Background: Homozygous loss of DIAPH1 results in seizures, cortical blindness, and microcephaly syndrome (SCBMS). We studied five Finnish and two Omani patients with loss of DIAPH1 presenting with SCBMS, mitochondrial dysfunction and immunodeficiency.

Objective: To further characterize phenotypes and disease mechanisms associated with loss of DIAPH1.

Methods: Exome sequencing, genotyping and haplotype analysis, B and T cell phenotyping, in vitro lymphocyte stimulation assays, analyses of mitochondrial function, immunofluorescence staining for cytoskeletal proteins and mitochondria, CRISPR-Cas9 DIAPH1 knock-out in heathy donor PBMCs.

Results: Genetic analyses found all Finnish patients homozygous for a rare DIAPH1 splice-variant (NM_005219:c.684+1G>A) enriched in the Finnish population, and Omani patients homozygous for a previously described pathogenic DIAPH1 frameshift-variant (c.2769delT;p.F923fs). In addition to microcephaly, epilepsy and cortical blindness characteristic to SCBMS, the patients presented with infection susceptibility due to defective lymphocyte maturation and three patients developed B cell lymphoma. Patients' immunophenotype was characterized by poor lymphocyte activation and proliferation, defective B cell maturation, and lack of naïve T cells. CRISPR-Cas9 knock-out of DIAPH1 in PBMCs from healthy donors replicated the T cell activation defect. Patient-derived peripheral blood T cells exhibited impaired adhesion and inefficient microtubule-organizing center repositioning to the immunological synapse. The clinical symptoms and laboratory tests also suggested mitochondrial dysfunction. Experiments with immortalized, patient-derived fibroblasts indicated that DIAPH1 affects the amount of complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain.

Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that individuals with SCBMS can have combined immune deficiency and implicate defective cytoskeletal organization and mitochondrial dysfunction in SCBMS pathogenesis.
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March 2021

Pleomorphic Adenoma Gene 1 Is Needed For Timely Zygotic Genome Activation and Early Embryo Development.

Sci Rep 2019 06 10;9(1):8411. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, SE-14186, Stockholm, Sweden.

Pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1) is a transcription factor involved in cancer and growth. We discovered a de novo DNA motif containing a PLAG1 binding site in the promoters of genes activated during zygotic genome activation (ZGA) in human embryos. This motif was located within an Alu element in a region that was conserved in the murine B1 element. We show that maternally provided Plag1 is needed for timely mouse preimplantation embryo development. Heterozygous mouse embryos lacking maternal Plag1 showed disrupted regulation of 1,089 genes, spent significantly longer time in the 2-cell stage, and started expressing Plag1 ectopically from the paternal allele. The de novo PLAG1 motif was enriched in the promoters of the genes whose activation was delayed in the absence of Plag1. Further, these mouse genes showed a significant overlap with genes upregulated during human ZGA that also contain the motif. By gene ontology, the mouse and human ZGA genes with de novo PLAG1 motifs were involved in ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis. Collectively, our data suggest that PLAG1 affects embryo development in mice and humans through a conserved DNA motif within Alu/B1 elements located in the promoters of a subset of ZGA genes.
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June 2019