Publications by authors named "Karthik Neduri"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Development and characterization of a mucoadhesive sublingual formulation for pain control: extemporaneous oxycodone films in personalized therapy.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2017 Jun 31;43(6):917-924. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

a Department of Pharmacy , University of Genova , Genova , Italy.

Objective: The aim of this work was the development of mucoadhesive sublingual films, prepared using a casting method, for the administration of oxycodone.

Materials And Methods: A solvent casting method was employed to prepare the mucoadhesive films. A calibrated pipette was used to deposit single aliquots of different polymeric solutions on a polystyrene plate lid. Among the various tested polymers, hydroxypropylcellulose at low and medium molecular weight (HPC) and pectin at two different degrees of esterification (PC) were chosen for preparing solutions with good casting properties, capable of producing films suitable for mucosal application.

Results And Discussion: The obtained films showed excellent drug content uniformity and stability and rapid drug release, which, at 8 min, ranged from 60% to 80%. All films presented satisfactory mucoadhesive and mechanical properties, also confirmed by a test on healthy volunteers, who did not experience irritation or mucosa damages. Pectin films based on pectin at lower degrees of esterification have been further evaluated to study the influence of two different amounts of drug on the physicochemical properties of the formulation. A slight reduction in elasticity has been observed in films containing a higher drug dose; nevertheless, the formulation maintained satisfactory flexibility and resistance to elongation.

Conclusions: HPC and PC sublingual films, obtained by a simple casting method, could be proposed to realize personalized hospital pharmacy preparations on a small scale.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03639045.2017.1281290DOI Listing
June 2017

OTX2 regulates the expression of TAp63 leading to macular and cochlear neuroepithelium development.

Aging (Albany NY) 2015 Nov;7(11):928-36

Biochemistry Laboratory, IDI-IRCCS-FLMM, c/o Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", 00133 Rome, Italy.

OTX proteins, homologs of the Drosophila orthodenticle (Otd), are important for the morphogenesis of the neuroectoderm, and for the central nervous system formation. OTX1 and OTX2 are important for the cochlea and macula development, indeed when OTX1 is knocked down, these organs undergo developmental failure. Moreover OTX2 transfection revert this effect in OTX1(-/-) mice. The TA isoform of TP63, involved in Notch regulation pathway, has a critical function in the cochlear neuroepithelium differentiation. TAp63 positively regulates Hes5 and Atoh1 transcription. This pathway has been also demonstrated in p63(-/-) mice, and in patients p63 mutated, affected by Ectodermal Dysplasia (ED, OMIM 129810). These patients are affected by mild sensorineural deafness, most likely related to the mutation in p63 gene impairing the Notch pathway. We demonstrated the role of OTX2 on TAp63 regulation necessary for the correct formation of macular neuroepithelium and we confirmed the impairment of vestibular function caused by p63 mutations. Although the abnormalities found in our patient were still at a subclinical extent, aging could exacerbate this impairment and cause a decrease in quality of life.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4694063PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.100839DOI Listing
November 2015