Publications by authors named "Karolina Absolonová"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Psycho-immuno-endocrinology of the thyroid gland].

Vnitr Lek Fall 2016;62(9 Suppl 3):107-114

Historically endocrinologists and psychiatrists are aware that disturbances in thyroid disease in beginning or even in clinically intensified states of thyrotoxicosis or hypothyroidism exhibit pathological mental manifestations, masking or potentiating the underlying disease. Immune system disorders cause thyroid organ-specific autoimmune process. This autoimmune thyroid disease binds with a number of disorders in both endocrine or non-endocrine organs. This appears in vascular, neurological, skin, connective tissue, gastrointestinal tract and mental pathology. These disorders are part of autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APS) type I -III, especially the APS type III. Originally it was assumed that these mental disorders are caused by direct exposure to excess or deficiency of thyroid hormones. Recently, however, it appears that these psycho-immune-endocrine disorders have common etiologic mechanisms of formation and on cellular and molecular level they involve similar, if not in some cases, common mechanisms.Key words: antithyroid peroxidase antibody - autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I., II., III. - autoimmune thyroid disease - bipolar disorder - depression - Hashimotos encephalopathy - postpartum psychosis - psycho-immuno-endocrinology - schizophrenia.
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June 2017

The temperature of cremation and its effect on the microstructure of the human rib compact bone.

Anthropol Anz 2012 ;69(4):439-60

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic.

The presented study deals with the effect of the cremation temperature on the microstructure and morphology of the human compact bone. The biological material consisted of samples from ribs of recent Central European origin belonging to individuals of known age, sex and cause of death. Each bone sample was divided into several sections. One section remained unburned and the rest were burned at 700, 800 and 1000 degrees C. A few samples were burned also at the temperature of 600 degrees C. The undecalcified unstained ground cross-sections were made from burned and unburned bones; photographed and analysed using the SigmaScan Pro 5 programme. During burning, both the macroscopic and microscopic dimensions of the bone shrink, including the measures of the individual microstructures. The percentual representation of the area of individual microstructures on the area of the cross-section decreases. The number of individual microstructures per mm2 of the compact bone cross-section increases. Most microstructural variables demonstrated statistically significant differences at the individual temperatures of cremation. The burned bones showed a large scale of the colours, especially at 700 degrees C.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0003-5548/2012/0213DOI Listing
February 2013

Histological estimation of age at death from the compact bone of burned and unburned human ribs.

J Forensic Sci 2013 Jan;58 Suppl 1:S135-45

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Vinicna 7, 128 00, Prague 2, Czech Republic.

This study describes the estimation of age at death from the compact bone of burned and unburned human ribs. Bone samples came from individuals of known age, sex, and cause of death. Each bone was divided into four sections; three sections were burned at 700, 800, and 1000°C. Undecalcified, unstained ground cross sections were photographed, and 28 variables were analyzed in the bones using SigmaScan Pro 5. Age-related as well as heat-induced microstructural changes were found. These changes were often very similar and made estimating the age at death difficult in the burned bones. Differences between the sexes were found in some variables, caused by both aging and also by the different behavior of some variables during burning. Regression equations were developed to estimate age at death for unburned bones (r² = 0.579 and 0.707), bones burned at 700°C (r² = 0.453 and 0.501), and 800°C (r² = 0.334 and 0.340).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1556-4029.2012.02303.xDOI Listing
January 2013