Publications by authors named "Karina Perez Sacardo"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Knowledge, Practice, and Attitudes of Physicians in Low- and Middle-Income Countries on Fertility and Pregnancy-Related Issues in Young Women With Breast Cancer.

JCO Glob Oncol 2022 Jan;8:e2100153

Department of Medical Oncology, U.O. Clinica di Oncologia Medica, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy.

Purpose: Fertility and pregnancy-related issues are highly relevant for young (≤ 40 years) patients with breast cancer. Limited evidence exists on knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) regarding these issues.

Methods: A 19-item questionnaire adapted from an international survey exploring issues about fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer was sent by e-mail between November 2019 and January 2020 to physicians from LMICs involved in breast cancer care. Descriptive analyses were performed.

Results: A total of 288 physicians from Asia, Africa, America, and Europe completed the survey. Median age was 38 years. Responders were mainly medical oncologists (44.4%) working in an academic setting (46.9%). Among responders, 40.2% and 53.8% reported having never consulted the available international guidelines on fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer, respectively. 25.0%, 19.1%, and 24.3% of responders answered to be not at all knowledgeable about embryo, oocyte, or ovarian tissue cryopreservation, respectively; 29.2%, 23.6%, and 31.3% declared that embryo, oocyte, and ovarian tissue cryopreservation were not available in their countries, respectively. 57.6% of responders disagreed or were neutral on the statement that controlled ovarian stimulation can be considered safe in patients with breast cancer. 49.7% and 58.6% of responders agreed or were neutral on the statement that pregnancy in breast cancer survivors may increase the risk of recurrence overall or only in those with hormone receptor-positive disease, respectively.

Conclusion: This survey showed suboptimal knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from LMICs on fertility preservation and pregnancy after treatment completion in young women with breast cancer. Increasing awareness and education on these aspects are needed to improve adherence to available guidelines and to promote patients' oncofertility counseling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/GO.21.00153DOI Listing
January 2022

Impressive response to dabrafenib, trametinib, and osimertinib in a metastatic EGFR-mutant/BRAF V600E lung adenocarcinoma patient.

NPJ Precis Oncol 2021 Feb 12;5(1). Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Oncology Center, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, Rua Dona Adma Jafet, 91, 01308-050, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The survival outcomes of the FLAURA trial support osimertinib as the new standard of care for untreated patients harboring activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Despite the initial response, disease progression invariably occurs. Although uncommon, BRAF V600E mutation arises as a unique mechanism of resistance, and thus far, no prospective studies are available to support concurrent EGFR/BRAF blockade. We report a case of impressive radiological and ctDNA response under dabrafenib, trametinib, and osimertinib in an advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patient who developed BRAF V600E as one of the acquired resistance mechanisms to second-line osimertinib. Moreover, the patient experienced remarkable clinical improvement and good tolerance to combination therapy. The present case suggests the importance of prospective studies evaluating both efficacy and safety of the combination in later line settings and points towards the potential of ctDNA to monitor resistance mechanisms and treatment benefit in clinical practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41698-021-00149-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7880994PMC
February 2021

Alectinib activity in chemotherapy-refractory metastatic RET-rearranged non-small cell lung carcinomas: A case series.

Lung Cancer 2020 01 24;139:9-12. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Oncology Center, Hospital Sírio-Libanês, Rua Dona Adma Jafet, 91, 01308-050, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: to report outcomes of four cases of chemo-refractory RET-rearranged non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) treated with alectinib in a single center.

Materials And Methods: we retrospectively assessed and reported the activity and tolerability of alectinib 600 mg twice daily in advanced and chemo-refractory RET-rearranged NSCLC patients treated in a Brazilian institution. Identification of RET rearrangements was performed using the FoundationOne® next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform.

Results: The four patients herein reported were white, female and non-smokers, ranging between 59-66 years of age. All patients had been previously treated with chemotherapy and were TKI naïve; three of them presented disease progression to nivolumab as well. Molecular tumor profiling showed a KIF5B-RET fusion in three patients and a CCDC6-RET in the fourth. One patient exhibited disease progression and clinical deterioration two months after treatment initiation. Disease control was documented in two patients with PFS ranging from 4 to 5 months (one partial metabolic response and one stable disease). In one of the cases, which developed oligoprogression on alectinib, radiation therapy plus post-progression alectinib were able to provide additional disease control for 9 more months. No grade 3/4 adverse events, dose reductions or discontinuation due to toxicity were documented.

Conclusion: Although this is a small single center evaluation, alectinib was well tolerated and demonstrated clinical activity against advanced RET-rearranged NSCLCs, suggesting its potential role in this specific subset of malignancies. Clinical trials addressing its efficacy and the optimal dosing schedule in the present context are underway, and results are eagerly awaited.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2019.10.020DOI Listing
January 2020
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