Publications by authors named "Karima Mikou"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparative sensitivity study of primary cells, vero, OA3.Ts and ESH-L cell lines to lumpy skin disease, sheeppox, and goatpox viruses detection and growth.

J Virol Methods 2021 07 14;293:114164. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Laboratory of Research and Development virology, MCI Animal Health, Lot. 157, Zone Industrielle Sud-Ouest (ERAC) B.P: 278, 28810 Mohammedia, Morocco.

Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV), sheeppox virus (SPPV) and goatpox (GTPV) virus have been usually grown on primary cells for diagnosis, production and titration purposes. The use of primary cells present several inconvenient, heavy preparation, heterogeneous cell population, non-reproducible viral titration and presence of potential endogenous contaminants. Therefore investigating sensitivity of candidate continuous cell lines is needed. In this study, we compared the above Capripox viruses (CaPVs) sensitivity of primary cells of four origin (heart, skin, testis and kidney), with three cell lines (Vero, OA3.Ts and ESH-L). We tested sensitivity for virus isolation, replication cycle and titration, revealed by cytopathic effect (CPE), immunoenzymatic staining and immunofluorescence. Our results show that ESH-L cells and primary fetal heart cells present the highest sensitivity for CaPVs growth and detection. Vero cells can replicate those viruses but without showing any CPE while the titer obtained on OA3.Ts is lower than primary and ESH-L cells. ESH-L cells are an effective alternative to primary cells use for growing Capripoxviruses and their diagnosis.
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July 2021

Evaluation of the Sysmex UF-4000i urine analyzer as a screening test to rule out urinary tract infection and reduce urine cultures.

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Bacteriology-Virology and Hospital Hygiene Laboratory, University Hospital Centre Ibn Rochd of Casablanca, Morocco, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI) diagnosis by urine culture is time- and labor- consuming. In the Ibn Rochd microbiology laboratory, up to 70% of urine culture samples yield no growth or insignificant growth.

Objective: To evaluate the new generation of Sysmex UF-4000i fluorescence flow cytometry analyzer with a blue semiconducting laser as a method to rule out negative urine samples for UTI, in comparison of urine culture.

Material And Methods: Flow cytometry and microbiological analysis were performed on 502 urine samples included in the study. We used ROC analysis to determine cutoff points at which optimal sensitivity and specificity are achieved for clinical use.

Results: Our results showed that bacteria count at a cut-off of 100/μL, and/or the leucocytes count ≥45/μL are the optimal indicator for positive culture results. At these cut off, bacteria sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), Positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 97,3%, 95%, 87,8% and 98,8% respectively. For leucocytes, SE, SP, PPV and NPV were 99,1%, 95,8%, 88,6% and 99,7% respectively.

Discussion And Conclusion: The bacterial and leucocytes counts generated by UF-4000i analysis may be useful in our context as a rapid screening to exclude UTI by reducing about 70% of urines cultures and then workload. Nevertheless, further validation is needed for different patient groups especially with urological disease or immunocompromised patients.
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April 2021

Production of small ruminant morbillivirus, rift valley fever virus and lumpy skin disease virus in CelCradle™ -500A bioreactors.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Feb 27;17(1):93. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Laboratory of Research and Development virology, MCI Animal Health, Lot. 157, Zone Industrielle Sud-Ouest (ERAC) B.P: 278, 28810, Mohammedia, Morocco.

Background: Animal vaccination is an important way to stop the spread of diseases causing immense damage to livestock and economic losses and the potential transmission to humans. Therefore effective method for vaccine production using simple and inexpensive bioprocessing solutions is very essential. Conventional culture systems currently in use, tend to be uneconomic in terms of labor and time involved. Besides, they offer a limited surface area for growth of cells. In this study, the CelCradle™-500A was evaluated as an alternative to replace conventional culture systems in use such as Cell factories for the production of viral vaccines against small ruminant morbillivirus (PPR), rift valley fever virus (RVF) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSD).

Results: Two types of cells Vero and primary Lamb Testis cells were used to produce these viruses. The study was done in 2 phases as a) optimization of cell growth and b) virus cultivation. Vero cells could be grown to significantly higher cell densities of 3.04 × 10 using the CelCradle™-500A with a shorter doubling time as compared to 9.45 × 10 cells in Cell factories. This represents a 19 fold increase in cell numbers as compared to seeding vs only 3.7 fold in Cell factories. LT cells achieved modestly higher cell densities of 6.7 × 10 as compared to 6.3 × 10 in Cell factories. The fold change in densities for these cells was 3 fold in the CelCradle™-500A vs 2.5 fold in Cell factories. The titers in the conventional system and the bioreactor were not significantly different. However, the Cell-specific virus yield for rift valley fever virus and lumpy skin disease virus are higher (25 virions/cell for rift valley fever virus, and 21.9 virions/cell for lumpy skin disease virus versus 19.9 virions/cell for rift valley fever virus and 10 virions/cell for lumpy skin disease virus).

Conclusions: This work represents a novel study for primary lamb testis cell culture in CellCradle™-500A bioreactors. In addition, on account of the high cell densities obtained and the linear scalability the titers could be further optimized using other culture process such us perfusion.
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February 2021

Amplification and Mutations in Glioblastoma Patients of the Northeast of Morocco.

Biomed Res Int 2017 13;2017:8045859. Epub 2017 Jul 13.

Pathological Anatomy and Molecular Pathology Service, University Hospital Hassan II of Fez, Fez, Morocco.

Glioblastomas are the most frequent and aggressive primary brain tumors which are expressing various evolutions, aggressiveness, and prognosis. Thus, the 2007 World Health Organization classification based solely on the histological criteria is no longer sufficient. It should be complemented by molecular analysis for a true histomolecular classification. The new 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system uses molecular parameters in addition to histology to reclassify these tumors and reduce the interobserver variability. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of mutations and amplifications in the population of the northeast region of Morocco and then to compare the results with other studies. . codon 132 and codon 172 were directly sequenced and the amplification of exon 20 of gene was investigated by qPCR in 65 glioblastoma tumors diagnosed at the University Hospital of Fez between 2010 and 2014. . The R132H mutation was observed in 8 of 65 tumor samples (12.31%). No mutation of was detected. amplification was identified in 17 cases (26.15%). . A systematic search of both histological and molecular markers should be requisite for a good diagnosis and a better management of glioblastomas.
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April 2018

Prevalence of IDH1/2 Mutations in Different Subtypes of Glioma in the North-East Population of Morocco.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2016 ;17(5):2649-53

Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere, Laboratoire de Neuropathologie R Escourolle, Paris, France E-mail :

Background: Genetic alterations in gliomas have increasing importance for classification purposes. Thus, we are especially interested in studying IDH mutations which may feature potential roles in diagnosis, prognosis and response to treatment. Our aim was to investigate IDH mutations in diffuse glioma patients diagnosed in university hospital centre of Fez in Morocco.

Materials And Methods: IDH1 codon 132 and IDH2 codon 172 were direct-sequenced in 117 diffuse glioma samples diagnosed and treated in University Hospital Hassan II between 2010 and 2014.

Results: The R132H IDH1 mutation was identified in 43/117 tumor samples and R172K IDH2 mutation was detected in only one anaplastic oligodendroglioma. IDH mutations were observed in 63.2% of astrocytomas, 73.3% of diffuse oligodendrogliomas and 12.90% of glioblastomas.

Conclusions: Our results confirmed other studies published earlier for other populations with some small discrepancies.
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February 2017

Hematology reference intervals in Moroccan population.

Clin Lab 2014 ;60(3):407-11

Background: Laboratory reference intervals are important for both clinical orientations and therapeutic decisions. In Morocco, no reference ranges are available for local population. The ranges commonly used in clinical laboratories and by physicians are those of Caucasian population. We have decided that it is relevant to undertake an epidemiological investigation on local adult healthy population, with the aim of establishing hematology reference intervals in Moroccan population.

Methods: Blood samples were taken from healthy adult volunteers of the regional transfusion center and measured on a Sysmex XE-2100 analyzer. We have grouped our data samples with regard to gender and retained donors aged between 18 and 45 years old according to ICSH guidelines 1982. Leucocyte, erythrocyte, and platelet parameters were analyzed. For any sample flagged by the automate or thrombopenia with platelets < 100000/microL, a systematic smear was done and checked.

Results: A significant difference between male and female was found with regard to the values for leucocyte, erythrocyte, and platelet parameters as well as for hemoglobin and hematocrit. These data were compared to normal values reported for Arabic, Caucasian, and African population.

Conclusions: As part of this study, we have given a descriptive approach of normal blood cell count and its peculiarities in North African Arabian and Berber population not explored until now. We have established similarities and differences between our population and other African, Arab, and Caucasian populations.
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April 2014