Publications by authors named "Karema A Diab"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The association between micro-RNA gene polymorphisms and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma in Egyptian patients.

Arch Med Sci 2022 18;18(1):62-70. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Hepatology and Gastroenterology Department, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Shibin el Kom, Egypt.

Introduction: The development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a multistage process involving the deregulation of genes that are crucial to cellular processes. Multiple risk factors are correlated with HCC. MicroRNA is differentially expressed in the development of different types of malignancies, including hepatic malignancy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common sequence variation in the human genome. SNPs in miRNAs may affect transcription, processing, or target recognition and result in malignant disease. The aim of the study was to determine the association between microRNA gene polymorphisms and the development of HCC in Egyptian patients.

Material And Methods: This study included 200 individuals who were matched in age and sex. Tumour staging was done using the BCLC staging system. Quantification and genotyping of microRNA were performed.

Results: Among the 200 patients, 2 groups were described: group I included 90 HCC patients with a male majority (72.2%), and group II comprised 110 controls. Three microRNA SNPs were assayed in both patients and controls. There was a significant association between rs10061133 miR-499b and the risk of HCC. The genotypes GG or G allele were significantly associated with an increased risk of HCC (GG: OR = 2.91, 95% CI: 1.23-4.22, = 0.013; G allele: OR = 1.79, 95% CI: 1.12-2.15, = 0.026) compared with the genotype of AA or AG or A allele.

Conclusions: There is an association between the miRNA SNPs and the susceptibility to HCC, to explore some roles and mechanisms of SNPs within miRNAs in the occurrence and development of HCC.
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March 2021

Role of resistin, IL-6 and NH2-terminal portion proBNP in the pathogenesis of cardiac disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2020 09;8(1)

Department of Internal Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Epidemiological and genetic studies have recorded the association between proinflammatory cytokines and the development of insulin resistance, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The role of interleukin 6 (IL-6), NH2-terminal portion pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and resistin in the pathogenesis of heart disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still a matter of controversy. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of these biomarkers in the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction and the ability to use them as non-invasive test in the prediction of left ventricular hypertrophy and systolic dysfunction in T2DM.

Research Design And Methods: 150 participants were included in this case-control study. Patients were divided into two subgroups according to echocardiographic findings: group 1a included 46 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and echocardiographic evidence of abnormal systolic function; group 1b included 54 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with normal echocardiogenic study; and group 2 included 50 apparently healthy controls. Routine laboratory investigations such as complete blood count, liver and renal function tests, and lipid profile, serum IL-6, NT-proBNP, and resistin were measured in all participants. Conventional echocardiography was done with special concern on the assessment of left ventricular systolic function (ejection fraction).

Results: There was a significant increase in the level of resistin, NT-proBNP and IL-6 in group 1a patients compared with group 1b and in healthy controls. Echocardiographic parameters showed a significant increase in left ventricular mass index, left ventricle posterior wall thickness, interventricular septum thickness, and left ventricle mass in group 1a compared with group 1b and the control group. The increased left ventricular mass index was associated with higher levels of IL-6, NT-proBNP and resistin.

Conclusions: Proinflammatory cytokines had a clear relation with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and hypertrophy and can be used as early non-invasive markers for detection of left ventricular remodeling and systolic dysfunction in patients with T2DM.
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September 2020

On-treatment improvement of an emerging psychosomatic depressive disorder among salmonella carriers: a multicenter experience from Egypt.

Infect Drug Resist 2019 22;12:2573-2582. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Hepatology and Gastroenterology Department, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Background: As physicians in a referral hospital, we observed the association between history of enteric fever and somatic disorders associated with low mood. At the Al-Hussein University Hospital, Cairo and the National Liver Institute Hospital, Menoufia, we receive patients from all over Egypt, including rural areas where enteric fever is endemic.

Aim: Here in, 60 Egyptian patients referred to us for evaluation of different somatic disorders are reported.

Methods: After extensive evaluations, the patients' symptoms were function-related. Also, their typhoid carrier states were documented, and the severity of depression using Hamilton-D (HAM-D) questionnaire was evaluated and recorded. All patients were treated with ceftriaxone, 2 gm, IV, daily for 15 days. The clinical evaluation and Hamilton score were reassessed at the end of the treatment and 6 weeks thereafter. The patients did not receive any anti-depressant nor anti-anxiety treatment during their course. Typhoid carrier was defined by documenting the history of typhoid fever that was diagnosed by culturing the species, and not by serology, isolated from stool culture along with febrile condition, plus the absence of fever in the past 3 weeks. The Widal test was not accepted as a criterion for enrollment.

Results: Patients showed clinically significant improvement in the somatic complaints, and their HAM-D score immediately post-treatment that was consolidated for 6 weeks post-treatment completion.

Conclusion: In this study, the typhoid carrier was associated with the psychosomatic depression that improved by antibiotic therapy.
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August 2019